Downsizing (film)

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Downsizing
Downsizing.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAlexander Payne
Written by
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyPhedon Papamichael
Edited byKevin Tent
Music byRolfe Kent
Production
companies
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • August 30, 2017 (2017-08-30) (Venice)
  • December 22, 2017 (2017-12-22) (United States)
Running time
135 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$68–76 million[2][3]
Box office$55 million[2]

Downsizing is a 2017 American science fiction comedy-drama film directed by Alexander Payne, written by Payne and Jim Taylor, and starring Matt Damon, Christoph Waltz, Hong Chau, and Kristen Wiig. It tells the story of Paul Safrânek, who decides to undergo a recently-invented procedure to shrink his body so he can start a new life in an experimental community, which he ends up doing alone when his wife backs out at the last minute; his journey takes an unexpected turn after he befriends an impoverished activist. Principal photography for the film began in Ontario, Canada, on April 1, 2016.

The film premiered at the 74th Venice International Film Festival on August 30, 2017, and was theatrically released in the United States by Paramount Pictures on December 22, 2017. It was a box-office bomb, grossing only $55 million against a production budget of $68–76 million, and received mixed reviews from critics.[4] Nevertheless, it was chosen by the National Board of Review as one of the top ten films of 2017,[5] while Chau earned a nomination for Best Supporting Actress at the 75th Golden Globe Awards.[6]

Plot[edit]

Searching for a way to address overpopulation and global warming, Norwegian scientist Dr. Jørgen Asbjørnsen develops "downsizing", an irreversible process that shrinks organic material. He becomes part of the first group of human test subjects and is encouraged that the process reduces people to a height of approximately five inches,[a] drastically decreasing their consumption and waste. When the findings are revealed at a conference five years later, there is a global sensation.

Ten years later, Paul and Audrey Safrânek, a financially-struggling married couple in Omaha, see Dave and Carol Johnson, who have downsized, at Paul's high school reunion. Rather than the touted environmental benefits, Dave argues the real reason to downsize is that one's money goes much further when one is small. Paul and Audrey decide to undergo the procedure and move to Leisureland, New Mexico, one of the fancier communities for small individuals. In a recovery room in Leisureland, Paul receives a call from Audrey, who says she decided to not go through with their plan and, because they are now different sizes, she is leaving him.

One year later, Paul signs his divorce papers. He has moved into an apartment, since he can no longer afford to live in the mansion Audrey picked, and is working as a customer service representative for Lands' End, since he let his occupational therapy license lapse because he had not expected to have to work after being shrunk, but has started dating someone. They break up, however, and Paul attends a wild party hosted by his shady, but affable, neighbor Dušan.

The next morning, Paul recognizes one of Dušan's house cleaners as Ngoc Lan Tran, a Vietnamese political activist who was jailed and downsized against her will, escaped in a television box, barely survived being shipped to the United States, and was brought to Leisureland a year ago to have her leg amputated. Wanting to assist Ngoc Lan with her prosthetic leg, Paul goes to her apartment in the slums just outside the walls of Leisureland where the service workers of the community live. Paul had not thought about this part of the small economy, and is shocked by conditions in the slum.

At her apartment, Ngoc Lan has Paul try to help her dying friend. When she finally lets him work on her prosthetic leg, he breaks it, so, until she can get a new one, he agrees to work for her cleaning service and also help her gather food from around the city to distribute throughout the slums. Dušan, upon learning what Paul is doing, attempts to release Paul from his obligation by taking him to deliver supplies to the original colony for small people, but, unexpectedly, Ngoc Lan decides to tag along, as she has a standing invitation to visit Dr. Asbjørnsen, who had heard about her ordeal.

In a Norwegian fjord, Dr. Asbjørnsen and his wife board the boat piloted by Dušan's friend Joris Konrad. Dr. Asbjørnsen announces it has just been determined conclusively that, due to the positive feedback of Arctic methane emissions,[b] the human race will soon become extinct. Paul asks if downsizing can save humanity, but Dr. Asbjørnsen says the procedure came too late, as only three percent of the world has so far chosen to downsize. That night, Paul and Ngoc Lan make love.

At the colony, the travelers discover that, the next day, Dr. Asbjørnsen is enacting a contingency plan: he and the other colonists are going to enter a large underground vault, and their descendants will emerge when the surface environment stabilizes in about eight thousand years. Dušan and Joris are skeptical of the cult-like plan and say the extinction will not happen for hundreds of years, while Paul is excited to enter the vault and help with this effort to ensure the future of humankind. He asks Ngoc Lan to join him, but she refuses, saying the people in need of help will be those left above ground. As the door of the vault is closing, Paul changes his mind and steps outside.

Back in Leisureland, Paul continues to work with Ngoc Lan to serve the people of the slums, deriving contentment from things like bringing dinner to an old man.

Cast[edit]

There are numerous cameos in the film, among them: Joaquim de Almeida as Conference Director Dr. Oswaldo Pereira; James Van Der Beek as Anesthesiologist, a former-classmate of Paul's who he talks to at their high school reunion; Neil Patrick Harris and Laura Dern as Jeff and Laura Lonowski, a small couple who gives a sales presentation for Leisureland; Niecy Nash as Leisureland Salesperson; Margo Martindale as a small woman on a shuttle bus; Donna Lynne Champlin as Leisureland Administrator; Don Lake as Leisureland Guide Matt; and Kerri Kenney-Silver as Single Mom Kristen, who Paul dates after his divorce.

Production[edit]

During the seven-year hiatus between the releases of their collaborations Sideways (2004) and The Descendants (2011), Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor spent two and a half years working on the script for Downsizing, which was going to be Payne's next film after Sideways until it was superseded by The Descendants and then Nebraska (2013).[7] On November 5, 2014, it was officially announced that Downsizing would be Payne's follow-up to Nebraska.[8]

Payne, Taylor, and Mark Johnson produced the film, whose script was co-written by Payne and Taylor.[9] On January 8, 2015, it was announced that Annapurna Pictures would finance and produce the film;[10] Ad Hominem Enterprises, Payne and Taylor's production company, was also involved with the production.[8] 20th Century Fox was originally going to distribute the film, but it was revealed on October 2, 2015, that Paramount Pictures had acquired distribution rights.[11]

Reese Witherspoon was attached to the project in 2009, at which point Paul Giamatti and Sacha Baron Cohen were also set to star.[12][13] On November 5, 2014, Matt Damon was officially cast in the film, taking over Giamatti's role.[14] On January 7, 2015, it was confirmed that Witherspoon was still participating in the project, which would have been her first collaboration with Payne since Election (1999).[15][16] The next day, it was announced that Alec Baldwin, Neil Patrick Harris, and Jason Sudeikis had joined the cast, though Baldwin later dropped out.[17] On March 10, 2016, Christoph Waltz and Hong Chau joined the film,[9] and on March 29, it was revealed that Kristen Wiig had replaced Witherspoon as Damon's character's wife.[18] In August 2016, it was announced that Margo Martindale had been cast in a minor role.[19]

Principal photography for the film began on April 1, 2016, in Mississauga and Toronto, Ontario, Canada, at University of Toronto Mississauga and the Aga Khan Museum. Filming later took place in Markham, Omaha, Los Angeles, and Trollfjorden in Norway.[20] Rolfe Kent composed the score for the film.[21]

Release[edit]

Downsizing premiered at the 74th Venice Film Festival on August 30, 2017, and later screened at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival. It was theatrically released in the United States on December 22, 2017, by Paramount Pictures.[22]

In the United States and Canada, Downsizing was released alongside Father Figures and Pitch Perfect 3, as well as the wide expansions of The Shape of Water and Darkest Hour, and was projected to gross $10–12 million from 2,668 theaters over its four-day opening weekend.[23] It made $2.1 million on its first day (including $425,000 from Thursday night previews) and grossed $4.95 million over its three-day opening weekend, finishing 7th at the box office. This marked the third recent domestic financial failure for Paramount Pictures, following Mother! and Suburbicon, the latter of which also starred Matt Damon.[24] The following weekend, the film dropped 5% to $4.7 million, finishing 9th.[25]

The film grossed $24.4 million in the United States and Canada, and $30.6 million in other territories, for a total of $55 million, against a production budget of around $68 million.[2]

Home video[edit]

The film was released on Digital HD on March 6, 2018, and on Ultra HD Blu-ray, Blu-ray, and DVD on March 20.[26][27]

Reception[edit]

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 47% based on 301 reviews, with an average rating of 5.70/10; the website's critical consensus reads: "Downsizing assembles a talented cast in pursuit of some truly interesting ideas – which may be enough for some audiences to forgive the final product's frustrating shortcomings."[28] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 63 out of 100, based on 48 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[29] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "C" on an A+ to F scale.[24]

Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter, who eventually named the film his best of 2017, praised it as "big and beautiful", highlighting the direction and the lead performances, and saying "this is a deeply humane film that, like the best Hollywood classics, feels both entirely of its moment and timeless. It was a risky roll of the dice, but one that hits the creative jackpot."[30] Xan Brooks of The Guardian gave Downsizing five out of five stars, calling the film "Alexander Payne's miniature masterpiece".[31] Writing for Rolling Stone, Peter Travers gave the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, saying that "with startling performances and special effects, director Alexander Payne's dystopian sci-fi satire brims over with the pleasures of the unexpected."[32]

Conversely, David Sims of The Atlantic gave the film a negative review, writing: "If Payne had landed the mix of genres, Downsizing could have been a masterpiece. Spoiler (small print not required): He does not."[33] Keith Uhlich of Slant Magazine gave the film 1.5 out of 4 stars and said: "Payne [...] appears to think he's making some kind of grand statement. So you just sit back and marvel at how his reach continually exceeds his grasp."[34] Richard Brody of The New Yorker described Downsizing as "three movies in one – a passable one, a terrific one, and a terrible one. They're unified in the realization of the movie's big idea, but the movie's straining after a big idea is its overarching weakness."[35]

Accolades[edit]

Award Date of ceremony Category Nominee(s) Result Ref.
Art Directors Guild Awards January 27, 2018 Excellence in Production Design for a Contemporary Film Stefania Cella Nominated [36]
Critics' Choice Movie Awards January 11, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Hong Chau Nominated [37]
Florida Film Critics Circle December 23, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Hong Chau Nominated [38]
[39]
Golden Globe Awards January 7, 2018 Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Hong Chau Nominated [40]
National Board of Review January 4, 2018 Top Ten Films Downsizing Won [41]
Santa Barbara International Film Festival January 31, 2018 Virtuoso Award Hong Chau Won [42]
Satellite Awards February 10, 2018 Best Art Direction and Production Design Downsizing Nominated [43]
Saturn Awards June 27, 2018 Best Fantasy Film Downsizing Nominated [44]
Screen Actors Guild Awards January 21, 2018 Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Hong Chau Nominated [45]
St. Louis Film Critics Association December 10, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Hong Chau Nominated [46]
Venice Film Festival September 9, 2017 Golden Lion Downsizing Nominated [47]
[48]
[49]
[50]
Visual Effects Society Awards February 13, 2018 Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Photoreal Feature Lindy de Quattro, Susan MacLeod, Stéphane Nazé and James E. Price Nominated [51]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 12.7 cm
  2. ^ In the film, they are erroneously described as Antarctic methane emissions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Downsizing". tiff. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Downsizing (2017)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "2017 Feature Film Study" (PDF). FilmL.A. August 8, 2018: 25. Retrieved August 9, 2018. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Giles, Jeff (December 21, 2017). "Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle is Certified Fresh". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  5. ^ "National Board of Review Announces 2017 Award Winners". National Board of Review. November 28, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  6. ^ Rubin, Rebecca (December 11, 2017). "Golden Globe Nominations: Complete List". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  7. ^ Shoard, Catherine (November 6, 2014). "Matt Damon downsizing with Alexander Payne". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  8. ^ a b Jue, Teresa (November 5, 2014). "Matt Damon to star in Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing'". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Kroll, Justin (March 10, 2016). "Christoph Waltz and Hong Chau Joins Matt Damon in Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  10. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (January 8, 2015). "Annapurna Steps Up For Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing'; What A Cast!". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  11. ^ Busch, Anita (October 2, 2015). "Paramount Pulls In Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing' With Matt Damon, Reese Witherspoon". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  12. ^ Kit, Borys (January 7, 2015). "Reese Witherspoon Reunites With Alexander Payne for 'Downsizing'". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  13. ^ Lambie, Ryan (October 6, 2015). "Alexander Payne to Shrink Matt Damon in Downsizing". Den of Geek!. Dennis Publishing. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  14. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (November 5, 2014). "Matt Damon To Star In Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing'". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (January 7, 2015). "Reese Witherspoon 'Downsizing' With Matt Damon, Alexander Payne". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 7, 2015). "Reese Witherspoon Joins Matt Damon in Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing'". TheWrap. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 8, 2015). "Alec Baldwin, Neil Patrick Harris, Jason Sudeikis Join Matt Damon in 'Downsizing'". TheWrap. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (March 29, 2016). "Kristen Wiig Joins Matt Damon In Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing' After Reese Witherspoon Exit". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
  19. ^ McGovern, Joe (August 25, 2016). "Margo Martindale describes her small (very, very, very small) role in Alexander Payne's next film". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  20. ^ Multiple sources:
  21. ^ filmmusicreporter (April 7, 2017). "Rolfe Kent to Score Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing'". Film Music Reporter. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  22. ^ McClintock, Pamela (November 8, 2016). "Tom Cruise's 'Mission: Impossible 6' Lands Summer 2018 Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  23. ^ McNary, Dave (December 19, 2017). "'Jumanji', 'Greatest Showman', 'Pitch Perfect' to Challenge the 'Star Wars' Box Office Force". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  24. ^ a b D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 24, 2017). ""Last Jedi" Lords Over Christmas Weekend B.O. With $100M+ As "Jumanji" Roars $65M+ & "Pitch Perfect 3" Sings $27M". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
  25. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 31, 2017). "'Last Jedi' Has Upper Hand Over 'Jumanji' In New Year's Weekend Duel As 2017 B.O. Closes With $11.1B – Monday Update". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved January 1, 2018.
  26. ^ "Downsizing (2017)". DVDs Release Dates. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  27. ^ Bradley, Dan (February 4, 2018). "'Downsizing' 4K, Blu-ray, DVD and Digital Release Date and Details". The HD Room. Zboos. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  28. ^ "Downsizing (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  29. ^ "Downsizing Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  30. ^ McCarthy, Todd (August 30, 2017). "'Downsizing': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
  31. ^ Brooks, Xan (August 30, 2017). "Downsizing review – Matt Damon thinks small in Alexander Payne's miniature masterpiece". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
  32. ^ Travers, Peter (December 19, 2017). "'Downsizing' Review: Matt Damon Shines in 'Bracing Comedy of Shocking Gravity". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  33. ^ Sims, David (December 22, 2017). "Downsizing Has Big Ambitions but Little Payoff". The Atlantic. The Atlantic Monthly Group. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  34. ^ Uhlich, Keith (September 10, 2017). "'Downsizing' Film Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  35. ^ Brody, Richard (December 29, 2017). "The Outsized Pleasures and Failures of Alexander Payne's 'Downsizing'". The New Yorker. Condé Nast. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  36. ^ Giardina, Carolyn (January 4, 2018). "Art Directors Guild Awards: 'Dunkirk', 'Shape of Water', 'Blade Runner 2049' Among Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  37. ^ "Critics' Choice Awards Nominations: 'The Shape Of Water' Leads With 14; Netflix Tops TV Contenders". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. December 6, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  38. ^ FFCC (December 20, 2017). "'The Shape of Water' Leads 2017 Florida Film Critics Awards Nominations". Florida Film Critics Circle. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  39. ^ FFCC (December 23, 2017). "2017 FFCC Winners". Florida Film Critics Circle. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  40. ^ Respers, Lisa (December 11, 2017). "Golden Globe nominations 2018: The list". CNN Entertainment. CNN. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  41. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (November 28, 2017). "National Board Of Review Winners: 'The Post' Comes Up Strong With Best Pic, Best Actress Meryl Streep, Best Actor Tom Hanks". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  42. ^ Rubin, Rebecca (November 29, 2017). "Gal Gadot, Kumail Nanjiani, Timothee Chalamet Among Recipients for Virtuosos Award at Santa Barbara Film Festival". Variety. Penske Business Media. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  43. ^ Pond, Steve (November 29, 2017). "'Dunkirk', 'The Shape of Water' Lead Satellite Award Nominations". TheWrap. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  44. ^ McNary, Dave (March 15, 2018). "'Black Panther', 'Walking Dead' Rule Saturn Awards Nominations". Variety. Penske Business Media. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  45. ^ Hipes, Patrick (December 13, 2017). "SAG Awards Nominations: 'Three Billboards' Tops Film List, Netflix Leads In TV". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  46. ^ Flores, Marshall (December 10, 2017). "Shape of Water Receives 12 Nominations From the St. Louis Film Critics". Awards Daily. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  47. ^ "Collateral Awards of the 74th Venice Film Festival". La Biennale di Venezia. September 8, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  48. ^ "Venezia 74, i premi collaterali". la Repubblica Venice. GEDI Gruppo Editoriale. September 8, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  49. ^ ANSA Editor (September 7, 2017). "A Venezia il Green Drop Award al film più ecologista – Ambiente & Energia". Ambiente & Energia. Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata. Retrieved September 14, 2017. {{cite web}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  50. ^ "Queer Lion a Venezia: 9 film in gara per il Leone Gay". NonSoloCinema. August 22, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  51. ^ Giardina, Carolyn (January 16, 2018). "Visual Effects Society Awards: 'Apes', 'Blade Runner 2049' Lead Feature Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 16, 2018.

External links[edit]