E2D International

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E2D International
FormationJanuary 1, 2011 (2011-01-01)
TypeInternational nongovernmental organisation
Legal statusUnregistered
E2D parties and affiliated associations
Main organ
General Assembly
Websitehttp://e2d-international.org/ (defunct)

E2D International (E2D) was the political international of the Electronic Direct Democracy (E2D) Party movement. The E2D Manifesto described the basic political principles of E2D International member parties. Most of the member parties are defunct. The Swedish Direktdemokraterna remains as the last active party as of November 2020.


To help create and promote parties with only one element in their program: Direct Democracy ("a form of democracy in which sovereignty is lodged in the assembly of all citizens who choose to participate").

E2D parties were to be politically non-partisan and their agenda entirely based on people's decision, determined by means of referendums and initiatives organized by party members and citizens. These organized systems were supposed to allow citizens to vote on propositions of laws submitted by elected members of parliament, but also to propose new laws.


The mission for Electronic Direct Democracy (E2D) International was:

to help establish, to support and promote, and to maintain communication and co-operation between politically-neutral electronic direct democracy parties around the world.

The E2D Manifesto[edit]

The E2D Manifesto, collaboratively drafted in February 2011 by representatives from Citizens for Direct Democracy, Online Party of Canada, Partido de Internet, Aktiv Demokrati, Demoex, Senator Online and Partidul Romania Online using Participedia.net, was a document which described the basic political principles of E2D International. The E2D Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of Aki Orr, amongst others.


E2D was active in several countries.

Country Name Registration status Member of E2D International Elected Voting system
 Australia Online Direct Democracy Party Inactive Yes No Sovereign[1]
 Belgium Citizens for Direct Democracy Inactive Yes No
 Canada Party for Accountability, Competency and Transparency / Parti pour la Responsabilisation, la Compétence et la Transparence Inactive No No Proprietary
 Denmark Direkte Demokrati Inactive No No
 Hungary Party of Internet Democracy Dissolved in 2010 No No
 Israel Hayeshira No No No
 New Zealand OurNZ Party No No No
 Romania Partidul Romania Online Inactive Yes No
 Slovenia Svojpolitik.si Inactive Yes No
 Spain Internet Party (Spain) Inactive No No
 Sweden Direktdemokraterna Officially registered Yes No GOV Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine

See also[edit]


This page incorporates content from Participedia[permanent dead link] under the Creative Commons ShareAlike Unported 3.0 licence[permanent dead link].

Further reading[edit]

  • Orr, A. (2007). Big Business, Big Government or Direct Democracy: Who Should Shape Society? online version
  • Gutmann, A. D., Thompson, F. (2004). "Why Deliberative Democracy?", Princeton University Press, Google Books
  • Surowiecki, James (2004). The Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economies, Societies and Nations Little, Brown ISBN 0-316-86173-1
  • Ober, Josiah (1989). Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens: Rhetoric, Ideology and the Power of the People. Princeton
  • Ober, Josiah and C. Hendrick (edds) (1996). Demokratia: a conversation on democracies, ancient and modern. Princeton
  • Raaflaub K. A., Ober J., Wallace R. W. (2007) Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece, University of California Press.

External links[edit]