|Formation||January 1, 2011|
|Type||International nongovernmental organisation|
|E2D parties and affiliated associations|
E2D International (E2D) was the political international of the Electronic Direct Democracy (E2D) Party movement. The E2D Manifesto described the basic political principles of E2D International member parties. Most of the member parties are defunct. The swedish Direktdemokraterna remains as the last active party as of November 2020.
To help create and promote parties with only one element in their program: Direct Democracy ("a form of democracy in which sovereignty is lodged in the assembly of all citizens who choose to participate").
E2D parties were to be politically non-partisan and their agenda entirely based on people’s decision, determined by means of referendums and initiatives organized by party members and citizens. These organized systems were supposed to allow citizens to vote on propositions of laws submitted by elected members of parliament, but also to propose new laws.
The mission for Electronic Direct Democracy (E2D) International was:
to help establish, to support and promote, and to maintain communication and co-operation between politically-neutral electronic direct democracy parties around the world.
The E2D Manifesto
The E2D Manifesto, collaboratively drafted in February 2011 by representatives from Citizens for Direct Democracy, Online Party of Canada, Partido de Internet, Aktiv Demokrati, Demoex, Senator Online and Partidul Romania Online using Participedia.net, was a document which described the basic political principles of E2D International. The E2D Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of Aki Orr, amongst others.
E2D was active in several countries.
|Country||Name||Registration status||Member of E2D International||Elected||Voting system|
|Australia||Online Direct Democracy Party||Inactive||Yes||No||Sovereign|
|Belgium||Citizens for Direct Democracy||Inactive||Yes||No||N/A|
|Canada||Party for Accountability, Competency and Transparency / Parti pour la Responsabilisation, la Compétence et la Transparence||Inactive||No||No||Proprietary|
|Hungary||Party of Internet Democracy||Dissolved in 2010||No||No||N/A|
|New Zealand||OurNZ Party||No||No||No||N/A|
|Romania||Partidul Romania Online||Inactive||Yes||No||N/A|
|Spain||Internet Party (Spain)||Inactive||No||No||N/A|
- Anticipatory democracy
- Collaborative e-democracy
- Collaborative governance
- Consensus democracy
- Deliberative democracy
- Direct democracy
- Electronic direct democracy
- Grassroots democracy
- Inclusive Democracy
- Open source governance
- Non-partisan democracy
- Participatory budgeting
- Participatory economics
- Participatory justice
- Public incubator
- Public sphere
- Public participation
- Radical transparency
- Rationality and power
- Workers' council
- This page incorporates content from Participedia[permanent dead link] under the Creative Commons ShareAlike Unported 3.0 licence[permanent dead link].
- Orr, A. (2007). Big Business, Big Government or Direct Democracy: Who Should Shape Society? online version
- Gutmann, A. D., Thompson, F. (2004). "Why Deliberative Democracy?", Princeton University Press, Google Books
- Surowiecki, James (2004). The Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economies, Societies and Nations Little, Brown ISBN 0-316-86173-1
- Ober, Josiah (1989). Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens: Rhetoric, Ideology and the Power of the People. Princeton
- Ober, Josiah and C. Hendrick (edds) (1996). Demokratia: a conversation on democracies, ancient and modern. Princeton
- Raaflaub K. A., Ober J., Wallace R. W. (2007) Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece, University of California Press.
- Aktiv Demokrati
- Citizens for Direct Democracy
- Democratici Diretti
- Direct Democracy Party of New Zealand
- Online Party of Canada
- OurNZ Party
- Partido de Internet
- Partidul Romania Online
- Party of Internet Democracy
- Senator Online
- Map of Worldwide Direct or Fluid Democracy