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|EADS Mako mockup at Paris Air Show June 1999|
|Role||Jet Trainer / light attack|
The EADS Mako/High Energy Advanced Trainer (Mako/HEAT) was a high-performance jet trainer or light attack aircraft intended for service with several European air forces. EADS proposed the Mako for the Eurotrainer program. The program was the final result of the AT-2000 project.
Design and development
The Mako design featured a single aft-mounted jet engine, fed by two air intake ramps at the roots of the mid-fuselage-wing. It features a trapezoidal wing with a sharp taper. The horizontal tail was an all-flying unit mounted close behind the wing and at nearly the same height. The retractable landing gear was a tricycle unit. The two occupants shared a highly streamlined bubble canopy.
Subcontractors would have included Diehl Aerospace, Aermacchi (now Leonardo), Saab, EAB and Dassault Aviation. Potential customers would have likely been Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Finland, Greece, Sweden, and the United Arab Emirates.
The intended engine was the General Electric F414M, which is a slightly derated version (at 75 kN) of the standard F414. The engine's final assembly might have been done by Volvo, as that company already assembles a version of the related GE F404/RM12 for Saab's Gripen fighter aircraft. EADS originally intended to use the Eurojet EJ200, but chose not to do so.
The Mako/HEAT was to be deployed at three shared bases around the continent of Europe, for use by all partner nations. There were nine candidate bases in seven countries, but there was no final selection yet[update].
The Aermacchi M-346 trainer, also being proposed for Eurotrainer, made its maiden flight on July 15, 2004, and is being purchased by Italy, Singapore, Israel and Poland. As of 2010[update], EADS had yet to announce a date for the Mako's maiden flight. It is for all intents and purposes defunct.
- Crew: one (attack variant); two (trainer)
- Payload: 4500 kg ()
- Length: 13.75 m (45.11 ft)
- Wingspan: 8.25 m (without wingtip missiles) (27.07 ft)
- Height: 4.5 m (14.76 ft)
- Wing area: 25.08 m² (271 ft²)
- Empty weight: 6200 kg (5800 in trainer variant) (13 668/12 787 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 13 000 kg (28 660 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × General Electric F414M
- Dry thrust: 12 500 lbf (55.6 kN)
- Thrust with afterburner: 16 850 lbf (75 kN)
- Maximum speed: Mach 1.5 (1600 km/h)
- Range: 2000 NM (3700 km ferry)
- Combat radius: 1300 km (800 mi, 732 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 15 240 m (50 000 ft)
- Guns: 1× 27 mm gun
- Hardpoints: 7 with a capacity of 4500 kg
- Rockets: 4 pods
- Missiles: 4× AIM-9, IRIS-T or ASRAAM, AMRAAM, FMRAAM or Mica, 5x AGM-65 Maverick, 2× anti-ship missile
- Bombs: Up to 12× Mk.82, 8× Mk.83, 4× GBU 16, or 3x GBU 24
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- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Tutt, Nigel (2006-01-19). "Finmeccanica, Greece's HAI sign MoU to develop trainer aircraft". Forbes. AFX News. Retrieved 2007-08-14.