|Manufacturer||Guizhou Aviation Industry Import/Export Company (GAIEC)|
|Designer||Aero Engine Research Institute of Guizhou Aviation Industry Corporation|
|First flight||13 December 2003|
|Primary user||People's Liberation Army Air Force|
|Developed from||JJ-7 fighter trainer|
The Guizhou JL-9, also known as the FTC-2000 Mountain Eagle (Shanying), is a two-seat fighter-trainer developed by the Guizhou Aviation Industry Import/Export Company (GAIEC) for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF).
The FTC-2000 started as a GAIEC private venture to develop an inexpensive trainer for fourth generation aircraft. The trainer was revealed at the 2001 China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition.
The FTC-2000, as the JL-9, competed with the Hongdu JL-10 to meet the advanced trainer requirements of the PLAAF and PLANAF. The JL-10 is more technologically advanced, but also more expensive, than the JL-9. In 2013, both had entered production.
The PLANAF had a regiment of JL-9s in 2014.
The PLAAF began using the JL-9 for training on 18 October 2015.
- FTC-2000: Original model and export designation.
- FTC-2000G: Variant with improved multi-role capabilities.
- JL-9: Initial PLA variant.
- JL-9G: PLANAF carrier-trainer variant.
- People's Republic of China
- Crew: 2
- Length: ()
- Wingspan: ()
- Height: ()
- Powerplant: × Guizhou Liyang WP-13 afterburning turbojet
- Maximum speed:
- Maximum operating mach: Mach 1.5
- Maximum indicated airspeed: 1,100 kilometres per hour (680 mph)
- Guns: 1 x 23 mm cannon
- Hardpoints: 5 and provisions to carry combinations of:
- Other: up to 3 x fuel tanks
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Hongdu L-15
- BAE Systems Hawk
- Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master
- Aero L-159 Alca
- KAI T-50 Golden Eagle
- Yakovlev Yak-130
- HAL HJT-36 Sitara
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guizhou JL-9.|
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- Fisher, Richard D., Jr (18 June 2015). "Paris Air Show 2015: China close to first FTC-2000 supersonic trainer sale in Africa". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- Caffrey, Craig (2013). Aiming high: China's air ambitions (PDF) (Report). Jane's Information Group. p. 5. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- NEWS - Asia & Australasia, Air International, August 2011, p. 16.
- "FTC-2000 G". Aviation Industry Corporation of China. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
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- "FTC-2000". Aviation Industry Corporation of China. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- COVERT AFFAIR A. Mladenov, Air International, March 2013, p. 93
- International Institute for Strategic Studies (2014). Hacket, James, ed. The Military Balance 2014. Oxfordshire: Routledge. p. 235. ISBN 978-1-85743-722-5.
- Waldron, Greg (29 October 2015). "Chinese cadets start using JL-9 advanced jet trainer". Flight International. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- Fisher Junior, Richard D (10 November 2016). "Sudanese order for six FTC-2000 jets announced". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
- Khan, Bilal (11 November 2016). "Sudan Orders Six Guizhou FTC-2000 Fighter-Trainers". Quwa Defence News & Analysis Group. Retrieved 11 November 2016.