|Role||Supersonic advanced Trainer/attack|
|Manufacturer||Guizhou Aviation Industry Import/Export Company (GAIEC)|
|Designer||Aero Engine Research Institute of Guizhou Aviation Industry Corporation|
|First flight||13 December 2003|
|Primary user||People's Liberation Army Air Force|
|Developed from||Chengdu JJ-7|
The Guizhou JL-9, also known as the FTC-2000 Mountain Eagle (Shanying), is a two-seat supersonic fighter-trainer developed by the Guizhou Aviation Industry Import/Export Company (GAIEC) for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF).
The FTC-2000 started as a GAIEC private venture to develop an inexpensive trainer for fourth generation aircraft. The trainer was revealed at the 2001 China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition. The aircraft are reported to be produced at a GAIC assembly line in Anshun, Guizhou.
The FTC-2000, as the JL-9, competed with the Hongdu JL-10 to meet the advanced trainer requirements of the PLAAF and PLANAF. The JL-10 is more technologically advanced, but also more expensive, than the JL-9. In 2013, both had entered production.
A carrier-landing trainer variant was revealed by Chinese state media in 2011. Designated the JL-9G, it has strengthened undercarriage, enlarged wing and diverterless supersonic inlets, but has proved to be unsuitable for arrested landings and is limited to land-based operations.
On 5 September 2018, Chinese state-run Xinhua News Agency reported that GAIC had begun mass production of the FTC-2000G variant., on 28 September it was reported that the first mass-produced FTC-2000G performed its maiden flight.
The FTC-2000G is a multi-role attack aircraft and has more hardpoints. It also features a diverterless supersonic inlet. It made its first flight in September 2018. Compared to the FTC-2000 trainer variant, the FTC-2000G is heavier, slower, and has less endurance than the FTC-2000.
The PLANAF had a regiment of JL-9s in 2014.
The PLAAF began using the JL-9 for training on 18 October 2015.
- FTC-2000: Original model and export designation.
- FTC-2000G: Variant with improved multi-role capabilities.
- JL-9: Initial PLA variant.
- JL-9G: PLANAF carrier-trainer variant.
- People's Republic of China
- Crew: 2
- Length: ()
- Wingspan: ()
- Height: ()
- Powerplant: × Guizhou Liyang WP-13 afterburning turbojet
- Maximum speed:
- Guns: 1 x 23 mm cannon
- Hardpoints: 5 and provisions to carry combinations of:
- Other: up to 3 x fuel tanks
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Hongdu L-15
- BAE Systems Hawk
- Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master
- Aero L-159 Alca
- KAI T-50 Golden Eagle
- Yakovlev Yak-130
- HAL HJT-36 Sitara
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guizhou JL-9.|
- Jackson, Paul (ed.). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2010-2011. Surrey: Jane's. p. 117. ISBN 9780710629166.
- Fisher, Richard D., Jr (18 June 2015). "Paris Air Show 2015: China close to first FTC-2000 supersonic trainer sale in Africa". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- Grevatt, Jon (June 6, 2017). "China promotes FTC-2000 trainer for export". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
Commenting on the development, the State Administration of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND) – the agency responsible for Chinese defence industrial development – said the aircraft represented the first export aircraft produced at GAIC’s assembly line in city of Anshun in Guizhou province.
- Caffrey, Craig (2013). Aiming high: China's air ambitions (PDF) (Report). Jane's Information Group. p. 5. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
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