Eternal September

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Eternal September or the September that never ended[1] is Usenet slang for a period beginning in September 1993,[2] the month that Internet service provider America Online began offering Usenet access to its many users, overwhelming the existing culture for online forums.

Before then, Usenet was largely restricted to colleges and universities. Every September, a large number of incoming freshmen would acquire access to Usenet for the first time, taking time to become accustomed to Usenet's standards of conduct and "netiquette". After a month or so, these new users would either learn to comply with the networks' social norms or tire of using the service.

Whereas the regular September freshman influx would quickly settle down, the influx of new users from AOL did not end, and Usenet's existing culture did not have the capacity to integrate the sheer number of new users following September 1993.[3] Since then, the popularity of the Internet has brought on a constant stream of new users and thus, from the point of view of the pre-1993 Usenet users, the influx of new users in September 1993 never ended.

The term may have first been used by Dave Fischer in a January 26, 1994, post to alt.folklore.computers: "It's moot now. September 1993 will go down in net.history as the September that never ended."[4]


In homage to the term, one news server, formerly named,[5] calls itself Eternal September and gives the date as a running tally of days since September 1993.[6]

A tongue-in-cheek program called sdate outputs the current date, formatted using the Eternal September calendar (September X, 1993, with X an unbounded counter for days since that epoch).[7] This is not the identically named sdate, one of the sixty commands that comes with the First Edition of Unix, that is used to set the system clock.[8]


  1. ^ Eric Raymond. "September that never ended". The Jargon File (version 4.4.7). Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  2. ^ "The Year September Never Ended" net.wars Chapter 1, Wendy M. Grossman, NYU Press, 1998. Archived June 26, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "The Making of an Underclass: AOL" net.wars Chapter 3, Wendy M. Grossman, NYU Press, 1998.
  4. ^ Dave Fischer (January 26, 1994). "Weeks? hah!!". Newsgroupalt.folklore.computers. Usenet: Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  5. ^ " will Become on July 1, 2009". Archived from the original on 3 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "". 
  7. ^ "Never Ending September Date -". 
  8. ^ "sdate(1) - Unix First Edition Manual Page". 

External links[edit]