|Traded as||Euronext: GET|
|Jacques Gounon (Chairman and CEO)|
|Services||Operation of Channel Tunnel infrastructure; freight rail transport; car shuttle train services|
|Revenue||€1,207 million (2014)|
|€334 million (2014)|
|Profit||€57.1 million (2014)|
|Total assets||€7.363 billion (end 2014)|
|Total equity||€1.758 billion (end 2014)|
Number of employees
|3,959 (end 2014)|
Groupe Eurotunnel SE manages and operates the Channel Tunnel between Britain and France including the vehicle shuttle services, and earns revenue on other trains (DB Schenker freight and Eurostar passenger) through the tunnel. It is listed on both the Euronext London and Euronext Paris markets, and was listed on the London Stock Exchange until 19 July 2012. The company is based in Paris.
The railway operation has 50.45 kilometres (31.35 mi) of double track railway in the main tunnels, plus extensive surface-level terminal facilities at Folkestone in the UK and at Coquelles near Calais in France; the operation is entirely self-contained, with connections near the two terminals to the respective national railway networks. Signalling and electric traction supply at 25 kV AC are also under Eurotunnel control.
Train operation consists of shuttle trains conveying cars and coaches and other trains conveying heavy goods vehicles between the two terminals. Other trains using Eurotunnel infrastructure are operated by the respective owners.
The company awarded a contract for the construction of the tunnel to TransManche Link (TML). The tunnel cost around £9.5bn to build, about double TML's original estimate of £4.7bn. The tunnel was financed partly from investment by shareholders and partly from £8bn of debt, and was officially opened on 6 May 1994 by HM Queen Elizabeth II and President François Mitterrand. In its first year of operation the company lost £925m because of disappointing revenue from passengers and freight, together with heavy interest charges on its £8bn of debt.
In April 2004, a dissident shareholder group led by Nicolas Miguet succeeded in taking control of the board. However, in February 2005 Jean-Louis Raymond, the Chief Executive appointed after the boardroom coup, resigned and Jacques Gounon took complete control becoming Chairman and Chief Executive.
In July 2006, shareholders voted on a deal which would have seen half the debt, by then reduced to £6.2bn, exchanged for 87% of the equity. However this plan failed and on 2 August 2006 the company was placed into bankruptcy protection by a French court for six months.
In May 2007 a new restructuring plan was approved by shareholders whereby Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs and Citigroup agreed to provide £2.8bn of long-term funding, the balance of the debt being exchanged for equity, and the shareholders agreed to waive the unlimited free travel and other perks that they had enjoyed.
In June 2007 the company entered into a partnership through subsidiary Europorte 2 with the Port of Dunkirk relating to rail freight traffic; the company was to operate trains from Dunkirk to the Delta 3 logistics terminal at Dourges, and collaborate on container shipments to the UK using the port of Dunkirk via the tunnel.
Following the restructuring, Eurotunnel was able to announce a small net profit in 2007, of €1 million, for the first time in its existence. Half-year earnings for 2008 rose to €26 million (£20.6m). The net profit for 2008 was €40 million, despite the costs associated with traffic loss from September 2008 to February 2009 following a fire in the tunnel, and this allowed Eurotunnel to issue its first-ever dividend of €0.04 per euro value.
The return to financial health allowed the company to announce on 28 October 2009 the anticipated voluntary redemption of some of its convertible debt. By anticipating to November 2009 the reimbursement of debt due in July 2010, it aimed to issue up to 119.4 million new ordinary shares and thus shore up its capital while reducing its debt load.
In late 2009 the company and SNCF acquired Veolia Cargo, splitting the business between them. The company took over French operations: Veolia Cargo France, Veolia Cargo Link and CFTA Cargo are expected to be rebranded Europorte France, Europorte Link and Europorte proximity and become part of its Europorte freight business. Socorail has not been announced as being rebranded.
In January 2010 the Port of Dunkirk awarded the company a seven-year concession to operate its 200 km (124 miles) railway system.
In June 2010 the company acquired British railfreight company FirstGBRf for £31 million, to be merged into its Europorte. On 11 June 2012 a bid by the company for three Channel ferries belonging to the former operator SeaFrance (in liquidation) for lease to another operator was accepted.
On 11 June 2012 Eurotunnel acquired the assets of SeaFrance ferries Berlioz, Rodin and Nord Pas-de-Calais. They were chartered to start the MyFerryLink ferry company on 20 August 2012, owned by Eurotunnel.
Operations and services
The company operates shuttle services with Eurotunnel Class 9 locomotives.
Europorte operates freight trains in France, as well as the cross-channel freight services performed by Europorte 2 before 2009. Since the part acquisition of Veolia Cargo in 2009 it also provides rail transport services to industrial locations through Socorail.
Passenger services are operated by Eurostar, who has a practical monopoly on tunnel passenger services. Eurotunnel levies charges on Eurostar (currently £25 per passenger per return journey) and other operators for use of the tunnel.
Deutsche Bahn planned to operate passenger trains between London and Frankfurt, Amsterdam and Cologne using the tunnel; planning started around 2005, but the plans were shelved in 2014, because of the special safety and security requirements in the tunnel.
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Routes operated||Built||Notes|
|Class 9||Electric locomotive||100||160||58||Channel Tunnel||1993||Used for vehicle shuttles|
|Class 92||Electric locomotive||87||140||16||Channel Tunnel||1993||Used by Europorte Channel for freight services|
|Class 0001||Diesel locomotive||60||100||5||Rescue locomotive||1992|
|Class 0031||Diesel locomotive||31||50||12||Shunting||1990|
- Groupe Eurotunnel SE 2014 Registration Document
- "History". Eurotunnel. 1984-11-30. Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- O'Connell, Dominic (2006-01-08). "Channel tunnel project has made Britain £10bn poorer". The Times. Archived from the original on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- Ipsen, Erik (1996-04-23). "Bank debt causes £925m loss at Eurotunnel". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2010-04-27.[dead link]
- Norris, Floyd (2005-06-11). "Chief of Eurotunnel quits amid turmoil on board". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- "Eurotunnel faces debt opposition". BBC News. 2006-06-04.
- Harrison, Michael (2006-07-14). "Eurotunnel blames Deutsche as it files for bankruptcy protection". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
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- "Eurotunnel tourne la page de sa dette". Le Figaro. 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
- Eurotunnel completes Veolia Cargo takeover James Faulkner 1 December 2009 www.ifw-net.com
- "DUNKERQUE PORT choisit EUROTUNNEL pour l'exploitation et la maintenance de son réseau férré", www.dunkerque-port.fr (in French), 13 January 2010
- FIRSTGROUP PLC : Disposal of rail freight business[permanent dead link] PR Newswire Europe via COMTEX , 1 June 2010 , via www.tradingmarkets.com
- Eurotunnel buys GBRf from FirstGroup 1 June 2010 , uk.reuters.com
- Wright, Robert (2012-06-11). "Eurotunnel to take over SeaFrance vessels". Financial Times. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- Smith, Peter C. (2012). Offshore Ferry Services of England and Scotland. Pen and Sword. p. 70. ISBN 9781848846654. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "Interview with Eurostar Chief Executive" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- DB puts London - Frankfurt plans on ice, 19 February 2014
- "Eurotunnel's Rail Buy". Daily Express. 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- "Eurotunnel operations in profit for the first time". RAIL. No. 325. EMAP Apex Publications. 25 February – 10 March 1998. p. 9. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.