IRT Eastern Parkway Line

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IRT Eastern Parkway Line
NYCS-line-black-EastPkwy.svg
The 2, 3, 4 and 5 trains are the primary services at most IRT Eastern Parkway Line stations, and thus the only IRT services that travel to/from Brooklyn.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Status Operating
Locale Brooklyn
Termini Borough Hall
Crown Heights – Utica Avenue
Stations 11
Daily ridership 214,906[1]
Operation
Opened 1 May 1908
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Underground
Technical
No. of tracks 4
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 600V DC third rail

The Eastern Parkway Line is one of the lines of the IRT division of the New York City Subway, stretching from Downtown Brooklyn south along Flatbush Avenue and east along Eastern Parkway to Crown Heights. After passing Utica Avenue, the line rises onto an elevated structure and becomes the New Lots Line to the end at New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. The west end of the Eastern Parkway Line is at the Joralemon Street Tunnel under the East River.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

The IRT Nostrand Avenue Line splits from the local tracks of the Eastern Parkway Line south of the Franklin Avenue station.

History[edit]

The Joralemon Street Tunnel, opened on January 1, 1908,[8] was the first underwater subway tunnel connecting Manhattan and Brooklyn.[9] Clifford Milburn Holland served as the assistant engineer during the construction of the tunnel.[10] It was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on February 9, 2006.[11]

The original segment of the line included four stations from Borough Hall to Atlantic Avenue near the Flatbush Avenue LIRR station. Due to overcrowding on the Joralemon Street Tunnel, Holland decided to build a second tunnel under Clark Street providing passengers with a direct route to travel between Brooklyn and the west side of Manhattan.[12] Construction of the Clark Street Tunnel began on October 12, 1914, using a tunneling shield in conjunction with compressed air.[13][14] The north tube was holed through on November 28, 1916.[15] At 5,900 feet long, with about 3,100 feet underwater, the tunnel was finally opened for revenue service on Tuesday, April 15, 1919.

This line was expanded as a part of the Dual Contracts from Atlantic Avenue east. The IRT Eastern Parkway Line was built from 1915 to 1918, from the section east of the Atlantic Avenue station to Utica Avenue and down the Nostrand Avenue Subway to Flatbush Avenue. On August 23, 1920, the Eastern Parkway Line was extended from Atlantic Avenue to Crown Heights – Utica Avenue. The new trains would be served by trains from Seventh Avenue.[16] On October 10, 1920 three stations, that were not ready to be opened with the rest of the line at Bergen Street, Grand Army Plaza and Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum were opened.[17]

Extent and service[edit]

IRT Eastern Parkway Line
IRT Lexington Avenue Line
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Joralemon Street Tunnel | Clark Street Tunnel
to BMT Montague Street Tunnel
Clark Street
Borough Hall
BMT Fourth Avenue Line
IND Culver Line / IND Fulton Street Line
Hoyt Street
Nevins Street
BMT Fourth Avenue Line
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center
LIRR Atlantic Branch
BMT Brighton Line
Bergen Street
Grand Army Plaza
BMT Brighton Line
Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum
BMT Franklin Avenue Line
Franklin Avenue
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston Avenue
Crown Heights – Utica Avenue
IRT New Lots Line |
Express tracks dead-
end at Ralph Avenue

The line is currently served by
2 all times (all times)
3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
4 all times (all times)
5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (weekdays until 8:45 p.m.)

The following services serve the line:

  Time period Section of line
rush hours
and middays
evenings
and weekends
late nights
NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg local north of Franklin Ave
NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg local no service full line
NYCS-bull-trans-4.svg express local north of Utica Ave (all except nights)
full line (nights)
NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg express no service north of Franklin Ave

Route description[edit]

The IRT Eastern Parkway Line enters Brooklyn through the Joralemon Street Tunnel from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and continues to run under the street that the tunnel was named after, until after Borough Hall. East of Adams Street and Boerum Plaza, the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line merges with the line and it runs under Fulton Street, then turns southeast under Flatbush Avenue, which also has the BMT Brighton Line beneath it. The first station along this segment is Nevins Street, which contains a never used lower level, and then joins Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center, the end of the oldest section of the line. Between Bergen Street and Grand Army Plaza, the line splits around the BMT Brighton Line.

East of Grand Army Plaza, the line finally moves under its namesake, the first station serving the Brooklyn Museum. The next station is a complex near the Brooklyn Botanic Garden that serves the above ground BMT Franklin Avenue Line and the beginning of the IRT Nostrand Avenue Line, which branches off to the south shortly afterwards at Rogers Avenue Junction. The last three stations are a two-over-two track layout with a platform on each level. Afterwards, the IRT Eastern Parkway Line ends under Ralph Avenue, one block east of its originally intended terminus, whereas the local tracks become the IRT New Lots Line, branching off to the southeast emerging from the ground near Buffalo Avenue at Lincoln Terrace Park.

Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Time period details
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Begins as continuation of IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.)
Downtown Brooklyn Handicapped/disabled access* Borough Hall express 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. May 1, 1908 2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
N late nights R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Court Street)
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line express tracks become Eastern Parkway local tracks (2 all times 3 all except late nights)
Hoyt Street local 2 all times 3 all except late nights May 1, 1908
Nevins Street all 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. May 1, 1908
Handicapped/disabled access Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center all 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. May 1, 1908 D all times N all times R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center)
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
Connection to LIRR at Atlantic Terminal
Park Slope Bergen Street local 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights October 10, 1920[17]
Grand Army Plaza local 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights October 10, 1920[17]
Prospect Heights Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum local 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights October 10, 1920[17]
Crown Heights Franklin Avenue all 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. August 23, 1920[16] S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line at Botanic Garden)
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line splits from the local tracks (2 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.) at Rogers Junction
Nostrand Avenue local 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 late nights August 23, 1920[16] B44 Select Bus Service
Kingston Avenue local 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 late nights August 23, 1920[16]
Handicapped/disabled access Crown Heights – Utica Avenue all 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 special rush hour trips August 23, 1920[16]
Express tracks end
Continues as IRT New Lots Line (2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 late nights and special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips)

* Borough Hall is accessible in the northbound direction only

References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2006 Final Proposed Budget – November Financial Plan 2006-2009, Section VI: MTA Capital Program Information PDF (135 KiB): "Joralemon Tube to Nevins Street"
  3. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2005 Adopted Budget - February Financial Plan 2005–2008, Section VII: MTA Capital Program Information PDF (91.7 KiB): shows Utica Avenue on "EPK" and Sutter Avenue on "NLT"
  4. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2005 Final Proposed Budget - November Financial Plan 2005–2008, Section VI: MTA Capital Program Information PDF (1.02 MiB): "Sutter Avenue Portal to end"
  5. ^ In a 1981 list of "most deteriorated subway stations", the MTA listed Borough Hall and Court Street stations as part of the New Lots Line:
    New York Times, Agency Lists Its 69 Most Deteriorated Subway Stations, June 11, 1981, section B, page 5
  6. ^ The chaining designation "M" (Joralemon Street Tunnel) becomes "E" (Eastern Parkway Line) just west of the Borough Hall platforms; the Court Street and northern Borough Hall stations are chained "K" (Clark Street Tunnel).
  7. ^ However, as of 2007, emergency exit signs label Court Street as an IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line station, and the two parts of Borough Hall are signed as being along the Broadway – Seventh Avenue and IRT Lexington Avenue Lines.
  8. ^ "Brooklyn Joyful Over Its Tunnel". The New York Times. January 10, 1908. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  9. ^ Gasparini, D. A. (February 2006). [gi/WWWdisplay.cgi?0600470# "Battery-Joralemon Street Tunnel". Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities (American Society of Civil Engineers) 20 (1): 92–107. doi:10.1061/(asce)0887-3828(2006)20:1(92). Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  10. ^ Aronson, Michael (June 15, 1999). "The Digger Clifford Holland". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  11. ^ Staff (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  12. ^ "New Subway Service Between Brooklyn and Manhattan Boroughs". The New York Times. April 13, 1919. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  13. ^ "Work Begins on New Tubes Under River". The New York Times. October 11, 1914. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  14. ^ Aronson, Michael (June 15, 1999). "The Digger Clifford Holland". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  15. ^ "Under-River Tunnel Headings Meet". nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "Brooklyn Tube Extensions Open: I.R.T. Begins Service on Eastern Parkway and Nostrand Avenue Lines". New York Times. August 23, 1920. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Subway Stations Opened: Last Three in Eastern Parkway Branch of I.R.T. Put Into Service". New York Times. October 11, 1920. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google