French Camp, California
|• Senate||Lois Wolk (D)|
|• Assembly||Cathleen Galgiani (D)|
|• U. S. Congress||Jerry McNerney (D)|
|• Total||3.143 sq mi (8.140 km2)|
|• Land||3.142 sq mi (8.138 km2)|
|• Water||0.001 sq mi (0.002 km2) 0.03%|
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (410/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1658581|
French Camp is an unincorporated community in San Joaquin County, California, United States. The population was 3,376 at the 2010 census, down from 4,109 at the 2000 census. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined French Camp as a census-designated place (CDP). The census definition of the area may not precisely correspond to local understanding of the area with the same name.
French Camp is the location of the U.S. Army Sharpe Depot and the GSA Western Distribution Center, and is the oldest settlement in San Joaquin County. San Joaquin General Hospital is located in French Camp. It is also the location of the county jail, the county juvenile hall and the county children's shelter, which combine to form a sizable percentage of the place's population.
French Camp is located at (37.882742, -121.279788).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), 99.97% of it land and 0.03% of it water.
French Camp was the southernmost regular camp site of the Hudson's Bay Company southern fur brigades sent from Fort Vancouver (now Vancouver, Washington), established by Michel Laframboise in 1832. Its Spanish name was preserved in a land grant dated January 13, 1844 as Rancho Campo de los Franceses. It is commemorated as California State Historic Landmark 668:
Here was the terminus of the Oregon-California trail used by the French-Canadian trappers employed by the Hudson's Bay Company from about 1832 to 1845. Michel Laframboise, among others, met fur hunters here annually, where they camped with their families. In 1844 Charles Maria Weber and William Gulnac promoted the first white settlers' colony on "Rancho del Campo de Los Franceses" which included French Camp and the site of Stockton.
French Camp was strategically sited at the southern end of the southernmost slough (which became known as French Camp Slough) of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, maximizing the use of the waterway for ease of transportation. A trail led off from the site to the southeast into the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. It was subsequently used as an alternate route for the Mariposa Road, part of the Stockton-Los Angeles Road, especially favored during the rainy season because of its exceptional drainage. The route was eventually paved and exists to this day as "French Camp Road".
- Scott Brooks, head coach of the NBA Washington Wizards
- José M. Hernández, astronaut
- Robert L. Johnson, co-founder of BET
- Gilbert Luján, painter and sculptor
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2010 census French Camp had a population of 3,376. The population density was 1,074.2 people per square mile (414.7/km2). The racial makeup of French Camp was 1,678 (49.7%) White, 410 (12.1%) African American, 31 (0.9%) Native American, 163 (4.8%) Asian, 11 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 920 (27.3%) from other races, and 163 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,748 persons (51.8%).
The census reported that 1,622 people (48.0% of the population) lived in households, 336 (10.0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,418 (42.0%) were institutionalized.
There were 509 households, 202 (39.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 262 (51.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 64 (12.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 46 (9.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 46 (9.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 3 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 104 households (20.4%) were one person and 43 (8.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.19. There were 372 families (73.1% of households); the average family size was 3.71.
The age distribution was 731 people (21.7%) under the age of 18, 604 people (17.9%) aged 18 to 24, 1,145 people (33.9%) aged 25 to 44, 660 people (19.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 236 people (7.0%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 30.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 193.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 208.6 males.
There were 575 housing units at an average density of 183.0 per square mile, of the occupied units 276 (54.2%) were owner-occupied and 233 (45.8%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 13.4%. 872 people (25.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 750 people (22.2%) lived in rental housing units.
At the 2000 census there were 4,109 people, 576 households, and 438 families in the CDP. The population density was 1,324.5 people per square mile (511.8/km2). There were 598 housing units at an average density of 192.8 per square mile (74.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 44.20% White, 11.97% African American, 0.80% Native American, 4.45% Asian, 0.46% Pacific Islander, 32.12% from other races, and 5.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.95%.
Of the 576 households 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 19.3% of households were one person and 7.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.57.
The age distribution was 24.5% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 39.2% from 25 to 44, 15.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% 65 or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 182.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 192.1 males.
The median household income was $28,295 and the median family income was $29,034. Males had a median income of $30,556 versus $17,083 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,945. About 27.1% of families and 40.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.3% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
- "California's 9th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- U.S. Census Archived 2012-07-02 at the Wayback Machine
- "French Camp". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- Fowlie, Kate. "Time Stops in French Camp". Record. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for French Camp, California
- Richard Somerset Mackie (1997). Trading beyond the mountains: the British fur trade on the Pacific, 1793-1843. UBC Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-7748-0613-8. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: French Camp
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - French Camp CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.