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View of Fryazino
View of Fryazino
Flag of Fryazino
Coat of arms of Fryazino
Coat of arms
Location of Fryazino
Fryazino is located in Russia
Location of Fryazino
Fryazino is located in Moscow Oblast
Fryazino (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°57′N 38°03′E / 55.950°N 38.050°E / 55.950; 38.050Coordinates: 55°57′N 38°03′E / 55.950°N 38.050°E / 55.950; 38.050
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Town status since1951
 • BodyCouncil of Deputies
 • HeadKonstantin Bocharov[2]
165 m (541 ft)
 • Total55,369
 • Estimate 
60,437 (+9.2%)
 • Rank299th in 2010
 • Subordinated toFryazino Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Capital ofFryazino Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugFryazino Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofFryazino Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
Dialing code(s)+7 49656
OKTMO ID46780000001
Town DayObserved in fall

Fryazino (Russian: Фрязино, IPA: [ˈfrʲæzʲɪnə]) is a scientific town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Lyuboseyevka River (Vorya's tributary) 25 kilometers (16 mi) northeast of the city of Moscow. Population: 55,369 (2010 Census);[3] 52,436 (2002 Census);[8] 53,317 (1989 Census).[9]

Fryazino is a center of excellence for Russian microwave electronics.


In 1584–1856, the villages of Grebnevo, Fryazinovka, and Chizhovo stood on the territory occupied by modern Fryazino. Silk-weaving manufactures were established here in the second half of the 18th century.

The first mention of Fryazino was in the 1584–1586 cadastres of Moskovsky Uyezd: "Villages of Fryazinova and Samsonov as well on the river of Lyubosivka, and it includes plowed gray land tillage 4 desiatinas and of fallow 13.5 desiatinas in the field and the same in two (implying: cultivated fields), hay 10 haycocks, firewood forest, 5 acres" (Russian: дер. Фрязинова, а Самсонова тоже на рчк. на Любосивке, а в ней пашни паханые серой земли 8 четьи да перелогу 27 четв. в поле, а в дву потому ж, сена 10 коп, лесу дровяняного 5 дес). Then the village belonged to the demesne of Bogdan Belsky.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated as Fryazino Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Fryazino Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Fryazino Urban Okrug.[5]


In 1901, Anna Kaptsova founded the big silk-weaving manufacture in the village of Fryazino. It was the first stone building in the village (nationalized in 1918, closed in 1929).

In 1933, in a former silk-weaving factory was founded the Radiolampa plant. Since that time Fryazino became the center of the Soviet electronics industry. The first Research Institute SRI-160 (its modern name is Federal State Unitary Enterprise RPC "Istok") was founded in Fryazino in 1943, then their number increases to five. Branch of the Institute of Radio-engineering and Electronics was founded in Fryazino in 1955.

In Soviet times, growing enterprises had been working within a military reservation institute. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, these institutions were forced to cut most of their staff. Currently, a large part of the population of Fryazino works in Moscow.

By way of defense conversion research institutes were established the following enterprises: in 1993 — "Istok-Sistema", a manufacturer of medical equipment under the brand name "Gastroscan", in 1994 — "Istok-Audio", a manufacturer of hearing aids. In addition to the electronic and medical industry in the town is a confectionery industry, as well as a tea-packing factory of the company "May". The town also has furniture factories.

In the center background, the main building of RPC "Istok". Left - a one-story station building "Fryazino-Passenger", on the left of which is the railway line to Moscow. Behind it - a snow-covered frozen pond on the Lyuboseyevka River


A first school was opened in Fryazino in 1912. There are 7 schools, including 5 secondary, a gymnasium and lyceum in the town now. By the end of 1980, 20% of the population of Fryazino had a higher education, among them — 460 Candidates of Sciences and 77 Doctors of Sciences, 2 Full Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 120 winners of the Lenin and State prizes.

Architecture and sights[edit]

Saint Nicholas' Church (1823) in the historic estate of Grebnevo near Fryazino

On the eastern outskirts of the town, on the banks of the Lyuboseyevka river, is the historic estate of Grebnevo (1780–1790; reconstructed in 1817-1823). Also, the Alley of Heroes is in the center of the downtown, on which there are the busts Heroes of the Soviet Union from Fryazino who participated in World War II: Alexandr Dudkin, Boris Yeryashev, Ivan Ivanov. Another monument is "Stella wins" that indicates the names of all of residents Fryazino who participated in World War II. There are some museums: the Town Museum, Ivan Ivanov's Home, the Literary Museum of Osip Mandelstam and other.

Transportation and communications[edit]

There are two ways you can get to Fryazino by public transport from Moscow :

The town is located on the Fryanovo motorway P-110 (Schyolkovo — Fryanovo) at a distance of 7 km from the beginning of the motorway. The town has a new bus station, located on the Polevaya str. There are three town bus lines and the same taxi. In addition, through the town are 10 commuter bus routes (including those from Moscow). Inside the town there are several different taxi services.

Also in town there is a railway station and two passenger platforms (Fryazino-Commodity and Fryazino-Passenger, which is finite).

Fryazino has quite ramified computer network

Notable people[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ Главой городского округа Фрязино избран Константин Бочаров
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #38/2005-OZ
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Presidential Decree No 1531 on December 29, 2003 "About assignment Fryazino Moscow oblast status of the Scientific town of the Russian Federation" "Archived copy" (in Russian). Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Russian Presidential website. [1] Archived May 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)


  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №249/2019-ОЗ от 29 ноября 2019 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #249/2019-OZ of November 29, 2019 On amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №38/2005-ОЗ от 9 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Фрязино», в ред. Закона №167/2009-ОЗ от 25 декабря 2009 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Фрязино"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №31, 19 февраля 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #38/2005-OZ of February 9, 2005 On the Status and the Border of Fryazino Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #167/2009-OZ of December 25, 2009 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Fryazino Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]