|Also known as||General Electric True|
|Written by||Harold Jack Bloom|
|Directed by||William Conrad|
Robert M. Leeds
|Presented by||Jack Webb|
|Narrated by||Jack Webb|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||1|
|No. of episodes||33 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer||Jack Webb|
|Cinematography||Daniel L. Fapp|
Carl E. Guthrie
Harold E. Stine
|Running time||25 minutes|
|Production companies||Warner Bros. Television|
CBS Television Network
|Release||September 30, 1962 –|
May 26, 1963
GE True (also known as General Electric True) is a 33-episode, American anthology series sponsored by General Electric that aired from September 30, 1962, until May 26, 1963, with repeats through September 1963. Telecast on CBS, the series presented stories, both published and unpublished, from the files of True magazine. The series' executive producer was Jack Webb through his Mark VII Limited company; he also acted as host-narrator, directed several episodes, and acted in several episodes.
A representative of the publisher of True magazine met Jack Webb at a party in New York and suggested the magazine as a source of material. Webb and others then researched the magazine's files for story ideas. Stories were adapted for television primarily by head writer Harold Jack Bloom. More than half of the episodes were directed by William Conrad, who portrayed Matt Dillon on radio's Gunsmoke and was later the star of the CBS crime drama Cannon.
In an overview of the 1962 television season, Time noted:
- Jack ("dum-de-dum-dum") Webb is back. This time he is retelling stories from the files of True magazine. The first one was set on a hospital ship off Okinawa, where a doctor (played by William Conrad) operated on a marine who had a live and sensitive shell in his body capable of blowing a six-foot hole in a steel deck. It was a hell of a moment, but Webb sank it. "At 1830 hours exactly," he intoned, "the operation began on a human bomb dead center in the circle of death." He hosts the program in an echo-chambered voice, while he stands beside the word TRUE, spelled out in block letters 22 feet high, or roughly 10 times as tall as Jack Webb.[a]
GE True aired at 9:30 p.m. Sundays, following The McCoys, a sitcom that had moved to CBS from ABC. GE True aired a half-hour later than a predecessor series, General Electric Theater, hosted by Ronald Reagan, which had aired at 9 p.m. from 1953 to 1962. Both The McCoys and GE True faced opposition from the highly rated Western series Bonanza on NBC.
The show had a unique opening, of which there were at least two variants. Each opening featured a large "TRUE" sign, apparently several stories tall and shown at an oblique angle, initially in deep shadow. One variant began with Webb voicing "Good evening. Your host, General Electric." with a large GE logo displayed next to the TRUE sign. Another variant lacked the GE logo, but included a superimposed quotation from Daniel Webster: "There is nothing so powerful as truth, and often nothing so strange." Strong symphonic music was featured as part of a majestic opening theme. Webb walked alongside the TRUE sign and stated either "And this, is true" (GE logo variant) or simply "This is true". The sign became brightly lit and the camera changed to a direct view of Webb, who then introduced the episode.
In February 1963, Webb succeeded William T. Orr as executive in charge of Warner Bros. Television, with Orr moving to the motion picture part of Warner Bros. At the beginning of June 1963, it was reported that GE True would not continue. Webb's role with Warner ended in December 1963.
Reruns of GE True were later syndicated under the title True.
|No.||Title||Directed by||Written by||Original air date|
|1||"Circle of Death"||Jack Webb||Dale Wasserman||September 30, 1962|
|During the Battle of Okinawa, a doctor (William Conrad) operates on a marine with a live projectile shell in his body.|
|2||"V-Victor 5"||Robert M. Leeds||Gene Roddenberry and Harold Jack Bloom||October 7, 1962|
|In 1933, an off-duty police officer (Karl Held) attempts to apprehend five wanted criminals in Hell's Kitchen.|
|3||"Harris Vs. Castro"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||October 14, 1962|
|Miami advertising executive Erwin Harris takes legal action against Fidel Castro to make good on an advertising contract.|
|4||"Code Name: Christopher (Part 1)"||Jack Webb||Otis Carney||October 21, 1962|
|In late 1942, a Marine Corps captain (Jack Webb) is sent to assist with the sabotage of a Nazi chemical plant in Norway.|
|5||"Code Name: Christopher (Part 2)"||Jack Webb||Otis Carney||October 28, 1962|
|Conclusion; see above.|
|6||"The Handmade Private"||William Conrad||Dean Riesner||November 4, 1962|
|During World War II, a U.S. Army corporal (Jerry Van Dyke) creates an imaginary private, who then becomes the subject of a worldwide search.|
|7||"The Last Day"||William Conrad||John Joseph (John Furia Jr.) & Harold Jack Bloom||November 11, 1962|
|During the Cold War, what appears to be a typical American town is actually a Russian spy school.|
|8||"Man With a Suitcase"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||November 18, 1962|
|A man (Bill Berger) smuggles a woman (Erika Peters) out of East Berlin in a suitcase.|
|9||"Mile Long Shot To Kill"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||November 25, 1962|
|During the Civil War, a Union Army officer develops a telescopic sight.|
|10||"Cheating Cheaters"||Robert M. Leeds||Harold Jack Bloom||December 2, 1962|
|A card game expert (Jack Hogan) is sent to a cruise ship to help investigate the death of a passenger.|
|11||"UXB (Unexploded Bomb)"||Robert M. Leeds||Harold Jack Bloom||December 9, 1962|
|Major Bill Hartley (Michael Evans) is part of a bomb disposal unit still disarming German bombs from World War II in London.|
|12||"The Wrong Nickel"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||December 16, 1962|
|A Soviet spy is eventually captured following the discovery of a modified nickel.[b]|
|13||"The Amateurs"||William Conrad||Dean Riesner||December 30, 1962|
|In 1909, a Boston jeweler (Jonathan Hole) gets a lead to $1 million in stolen jewels from a former Harvard classmate (Vinton Hayworth).|
|14||"Open Season"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom & Barry Oringer||January 6, 1963|
|Courageous Wisconsin game warden Ernie Swift (James Best) faces the reprisal of organized crime after he tickets gangster Frank MacErlane (David McLean) for illegal fishing.|
|15||"Defendant: Clarence Darrow"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||January 13, 1963|
|In 1912, Clarence Darrow (Tol Avery), the Chicago lawyer who later clashed with William Jennings Bryan over the theory of evolution at the Scopes trial, is accused of having attempted to bribe a juror. Darrow argues passionately over legal procedures with his own lawyer, Earl Rogers (Robert Vaughn).|
|16||"O.S.I."||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||January 20, 1963|
|A communist spy asks for help from the Office of Special Investigations to secure the safety of his family in East Germany.|
|17||"Firebug"||William Conrad||John Kneubuhl||January 27, 1963|
|Victor Buono plays Charles Colvin, a barber in Los Angeles, who is by night a pyromaniac. The United States Forest Service believes that one arsonist is causing a series of fires. The episode also stars Keith Andes and Arch Johnson.|
|18||"Little Richard"||Jack Webb||Harold Jack Bloom||February 3, 1963|
|An Oklahoma man (Hampton Fancher) seeks help when his hunting dog becomes trapped in a hole.|
|19||"Escape (Part 1)"||William Conrad||Louis Morheim||February 10, 1963|
|An escape artist poses as an RAF officer, allows himself to be captured, and helps RAF pilots escape from a German prisoner-of-war camp.[c]|
|20||"Escape (Part 2)"||William Conrad||Louis Morheim||February 17, 1963|
|Conclusion; see above.|
|21||"The Moonshiners"||William Conrad||John Kneubuhl||February 24, 1963|
|Walter Kopek (Gene Evans), an agent of the United States Treasury Department, assumes an undercover role to halt a bootlegging operation in Florida, run by mobster Bill Munger (Robert Emhardt). James Griffith is cast in this episode as Stan Woolman.|
|22||"Security Risk"||William Conrad||John Kneubuhl||March 3, 1963|
|In 1960, George Ellsworth (Charles Aidman), an official with the United States Embassy in Warsaw, Poland, is blackmailed through a romantic affair with a young woman named Erica (Erika Peters) into passing secret information to the communists at the height of the Cold War. He confessed his guilt despite the protection of diplomatic immunity. Karl Swenson and Parley Baer also appeared in this episode.|
|23||"The Black-Robed Ghost"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom & Maxine Robinson & John Robinson||March 10, 1963|
|After a young female artist dies suddenly, an aunt (Josephine Hutchinson) reports seeing her outside their home.|
|24||"Ordeal"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||March 17, 1963|
|In New Orleans, an ex-convict (Chris Robinson) kills a police sergeant, then forces his way into an apartment where he holds a family of three (the father played by Kevin Hagen) hostage.|
|25||"Pattern for Espionage"||William Conrad||Harold Jack Bloom||March 24, 1963|
|In 1954, a U.S. Army colonel, Harvey Madison (Rex Reason), is approached by a former Russian comrade-in-arms to spy for the communists. Instead, he covertly cooperates with the FBI to uncover a spy ring operated by the Soviet Union. Anthony Eisley and Gregory Walcott also appeared in this episode.|
|26||"The Tenth Mona Lisa"||William Conrad||Louis Morheim||March 31, 1963|
|In 1911, Vincenzo Peruggia (Vito Scotti) steals the Mona Lisa from the Louvre in Paris, but is apprehended by a French detective when he attempts to sell the painting to an art dealer.|
|27||"Gertie The Great"||Robert M. Leeds||Harold Jack Bloom||April 14, 1963|
|A mallard duck in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, captivates the community; Jan Shepard plays a reporter assigned to cover the story.[d]|
|28||"Black Market"||Alan Crosland Jr.||Michael Zagor||April 21, 1963|
|In post-World War II Munich, an American investigator (Ron Foster) works to stop black market trafficking of cigarettes. Hanna Landy also stars.|
|29||"Nitro"||John Peyser||Harold Jack Bloom & Les Pine||April 28, 1963|
|An employee of an electroplating business in Kansas City, Missouri, accidentally makes 9 US gallons (34 L) of nitroglycerin while mixing chemicals.|
|30||"Heydrich (Part 1)"||William Conrad||John Kneubuhl & Harold Jack Bloom||May 5, 1963|
|In 1942, Nazi chief of the Reich Security Main Office, Reinhard Heydrich (Kurt Kreuger), is assassinated by Czech resistance, and Adolf Hitler takes revenge on a village. Werner Klemperer also stars as Karl Hermann Frank.|
|31||"Heydrich (Part 2)"||William Conrad||John Kneubuhl & Harold Jack Bloom||May 12, 1963|
|Conclusion; see above.|
|32||"Commando"||William Conrad||Michael Zagor||May 19, 1963|
|A safecracker (Sean McClory) is recruited to assist in a commando raid in Rome during World War II.|
|33||"Five Tickets to Hell"||Robert M. Leeds||Harold Jack Bloom & Richard Harbinger||May 26, 1963|
|In the series finale, John Quigley (Bing Russell), a Chicago mobster travels to Chihuahua, Mexico, where he robs the mint of $500,000 and kills seven men in the commission of the crime. Police Lieutenant Juan Garcia (Carlos Romero) tracks down Quigley and his three accomplices. Barbara Luna appears in this episode as Cotita.|
In addition to performers mentioned above, other notable persons who guest starred on GE True include:
- The final clause in the Time quote is unclear, as it suggests Webb's height was 2.2 feet (0.67 m)—Webb was 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall.
- "The Wrong Nickel" is based on Rudolf Abel and the Hollow Nickel Case.
- "Escape" includes escape and evasion aids created by Christopher Hutton.
- A statue commemorating the mallard, Gertie the Duck, has been on display in Milwaukee since 1997.
- Lowry, Cynthia (September 30, 1962). "Webb's TV Series Will Face Stiff Competition". Charleston Gazette-Mail. Charleston, West Virginia. AP. p. 9s. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Jack Webb in Pursuit of Truth". Press & Sun-Bulletin. Binghamton, New York. September 29, 1962. p. Ent. 3. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "'Just The Truth, Ma'am,' Theme Of New Jack Web Drama Series". Santa Maria Times. September 22, 1962. p. 2-B. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Show Business: The Retreads". Time. Vol. LXXX, no. 15. October 12, 1962. p. 100. Retrieved April 3, 2023 – via time.com.
- See episode "Code Name Christopher"
- See episode "V-Victor 5"
- "Webb Lands Post With Warner Bros". The Ardmoreite. Ardmore, Oklahoma. AP. February 20, 1963. p. 2. Retrieved April 17, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- Finnigan, Joseph (June 1, 1963). "Jack Webb Is Running Warner Lot". Cumberland Evening Times. Cumberland, Maryland. UPI. p. 3. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "TV Notes". The Salinas Californian. Salinas, California. December 23, 1963. p. 14. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- Rahn, Pete (October 10, 1962). "Jack Webb 'True' Series Good Tv". St. Louis Globe-Democrat. p. 5B. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "G E True - V Victor Five Karl Held". Retrieved April 4, 2023 – via YouTube.
- Kirkley, Donald (October 10, 1962). "Look and Listen (column)". The Baltimore Sun. p. 14. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "'Harris Vs. Castro' Story Of Unique Legal Conflict". Napa Valley Register. September 29, 1962. p. 3-A. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "GE True 1962 Code Name Christopher - sabotaging Nazi A-bomb factory - Jack Webb". Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "Sunday's Best On Television". The News & Observer. Raleigh, North Carolina. November 4, 1962. p. III-13. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "The Last Day - Jack Webb host - frightening cold war drama that is like a Twilight Zone episode". Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "She's Tiny, Has Accent—She Gets Part". Press & Sun-Bulletin. Binghamton, New York. November 17, 1962. p. 15. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "GE TRUE 1962 Mile Long Shot to Kill history of the telescopic rifle Civil War - Russell Johnson". Retrieved April 4, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "Fool and Money Part Easily". The Salinas Californian. Salinas, California. December 1, 1962. p. 6A. Retrieved April 11, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Program Notes". The Gazette. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. December 9, 1962. p. 92. Retrieved April 11, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "'Wrong Nickel' on 'General Electric True'". The Times-Mail. Bedford, Indiana. December 15, 1962. p. 13. Retrieved April 11, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "TV Scout". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. December 30, 1962. p. 4-C. Retrieved April 11, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "TV Previews for Tonight". Press & Sun-Bulletin. Binghamton, New York. January 6, 1963. p. 6-C. Retrieved April 11, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "G E TRUE: "DEFENDANT: CLARENCE DARROW" Jack Webb Narrator. 1-13-1963. (HD)". Retrieved April 4, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "Television for the Week". The Miami News. January 20, 1963. p. 82. Retrieved April 11, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "GE TRUE 1963 - Firebug - Victor Buono, Keith Andes - host Jack Webb - directed by William Conrad". Retrieved April 6, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "Dog's Rescue Told". The Register-Herald. Beckley, West Virginia. February 2, 1963. p. TV-3. Retrieved April 12, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Television listing". Detroit Free Press. February 10, 1963. p. 65. Retrieved April 12, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Television listing". Windsor Star. Windsor, Ontario. February 16, 1963. p. 20. Retrieved April 12, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Agent 'Joins' Bootleg Ring". The Times Herald. Port Huron, Michigan. February 23, 1963. p. TV-7. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "G.E. TRUE: "SECURITY RISK" Charles Aidman, Erika Peters Guest Stars. 3-3-1963. (HD HQ 1080p)". Retrieved April 4, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "Featured Sunday". The Marion Star. Marion, Ohio. March 9, 1963. p. 5. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Family Held Prisoner On 'GE True'". The News Leader. Staunton, Virginia. March 15, 1963. p. 1-TV. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "PATTERN FOR ESPIONAGE 1963 - host Jack Webb, Rex Reason - true life story similar to I Led 3 Lives". Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "A Short Order". The Boston Globe. March 31, 1963. p. 28 (Magazine). Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "(photo)". Scranton Tribune. Scranton, Pennsylvania. April 13, 1963. p. TV-3a. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Previews of Television and Radio Shows". The Dispatch. Moline, Illinois. April 20, 1963. p. 18. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "TV Previews, Programs". Rutland Daily Herald. Rutland, Vermont. April 20, 1963. p. 7. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Television Programs". The Kansas City Star. April 28, 1963. p. 6G. Retrieved April 5, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "G.E. TRUE 1963 Nitro hosted by Jack Webb - harrowing story of chemical plant accident". Retrieved April 5, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "Himmler's Aide Target On GE True". The Times Herald. Port Huron, Michigan. May 4, 1963. p. TV-6. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "TV Highlights". Arizona Daily Star. May 5, 1963. p. 14-C. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Terrorist". The Fresno Bee. May 5, 1963. p. 1-TV. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "G.E. TRUE: "COMMANDO" Jack Webb Narrator , Sean McCory. 5-19-1963. (HD HQ 1080p)". Retrieved April 4, 2023 – via YouTube.
- "'Five Tickets To Hell' Set As 'True' Drama Sunday". The Register-Herald. Beckley, West Virginia. May 25, 1963. p. TV-5. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.
- "Plays Waitress In 'True' Sunday". The Register-Herald. Beckley, West Virginia. May 25, 1963. p. TV-4. Retrieved April 15, 2023 – via newspapers.com.