Warner Bros. Television

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Warner Bros. Television
Subsidiary of Time Warner
Industry Television production
Founded March 21, 1955; 60 years ago (March 21, 1955)[1]
Founder William T. Orr
Headquarters Burbank, California, United States
Key people
Peter Roth (President and Chief Content Officer, Warner Bros. Television Group)
Products Television programs
Revenue IncreaseUS$110.7 million (2007)[2]
IncreaseUS$845 million (2007)
Owner Warner Bros. Entertainment
Parent Time Warner
Divisions
Website www.warnertv.com

Warner Bros. Television (WBTV) is the television production arm of Warner Bros. Entertainment, itself part of Time Warner. Alongside CBS Television Studios, it serves as a television production arm of The CW Television Network (in which Time Warner has a 50% ownership stake), though it also produces shows for other networks, such as Shameless on Showtime and The Leftovers on HBO (though Time Warner also owns HBO).

History and Production[edit]

Beginning and saturation[edit]

The division was started on March 21, 1955[1] with its first and most successful head being Jack L. Warner's son-in-law William T. Orr. ABC had major success against its competition with Walt Disney's Disneyland TV series and approached Warner Bros. initially with the idea of purchasing the studio's film library (WB eventually sold the rights to the negatives of 800 films and over 1500 shorts to Associated Artists Productions, or a.a.p., in 1956[3][4]). WB formally entered television production with the premiere of its self-titled anthology series Warner Bros. Presents on ABC. The one hour weekly show featured rotating episodes of television series based on the WB films, Casablanca and King's Row, as well as an original series titled Cheyenne with Clint Walker. The first one-hour television western, Cheyenne became a big hit for the network and the studio with the added advantage of featuring promotions for upcoming Warner Bros. cinema releases in the show's last ten minutes. One such segment for Rebel Without a Cause featured Gig Young notably talking about road safety with James Dean.

With only Cheyenne being a success, Warner Bros. ended the ten minute promotions of new films and replaced Warner Bros. Presents with an anthology series titled Conflict. It was felt that "Conflict" was what the previous series lacked. Conflict showed the pilots for Maverick and 77 Sunset Strip[citation needed].

The success of Cheyenne led WBTV to produce many series for ABC such as Westerns (Maverick, Lawman, Colt .45, Bronco that was a spin off of Cheyenne, Sugarfoot, and The Alaskans), crime dramas (77 Sunset Strip, Hawaiian Eye, Bourbon Street Beat, and Surfside 6), and other shows such as The Gallant Men and The Roaring Twenties using stock footage from WB war films and gangster films respectively. The company also produced Jack Webb's Red Nightmare for the U.S. Department of Defense that was later shown on American television on Jack Webb's General Electric True.

All shows were made in the manner of WB's B pictures in the 1930s and 1940s;[5] fast paced, lots of stock footage from other films, stock music from the Warners music library and contracted stars working long hours for comparatively small salaries with restrictions on their career.

During a Hollywood television writers strike, Warner Bros. reused many plots from its films and other television shows under the nom de plume of "W. Hermanos".[6] This was another example of imitating Warner Bros' B Pictures who would remake an "A" film and switch the setting.[7]

Two of the most popular stars, James Garner and Clint Walker quit over their conditions. Garner never returned to the Warner's fold. Successful Warner's television stars found themselves in leading roles of many of the studio's films with no increase in salary. Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. was simultaneously the lead of 77 Sunset Strip, in a recurring role on Maverick, and also headlined several films until exhaustion forced the studio to give him a rest. Many other actors under contract to Warner's at the time, who despite their work conditions, did see their stars rise over time, albeit for most only briefly, included Jack Kelly, Will Hutchins, Peter Brown, Ty Hardin, Wayde Preston, John Russell, Donald May, Rex Reason, Richard Long, Van Williams, Roger Smith, Mike Road, Anthony Eisley, Robert Conrad, Robert McQueeney, Dorothy Provine, Diane McBain, and Connie Stevens. Edd Byrnes and Troy Donahue would go on to become teen heartthrobs. Another contract player, Englishman Roger Moore (Maverick and The Alaskans), was growing displeased with Warner as his contract was expiring and would relocate to Europe from Hollywood, becoming an international star on TV, and eventually, in films. Warners also contracted established stars such as Ray Danton, Peter Breck, Jeanne Cooper and Grant Williams. These stars often appeared as guest stars, sometimes reprising their series role in another TV series.

The stars appeared in Warner Bros. cinema releases with no additional salary, with some such as Zimbalist, Walker, Garner (replacing Charlton Heston in Darby's Rangers), and Danton (replacing Robert Evans in The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond[8]) playing the lead roles; many of the stars appeared in ensemble casts in such films as The Chapman Report and Merill's Marauders. Some stars such as Connie Stevens, Edd Byrnes, Robert Conrad and Roger Smith made albums for Warner Bros. Records.

It was during this period, that shows, particularly Westerns like Cheyenne and Maverick; and the crime dramas like 77 Sunset Strip, Hawaiian Eye and Surfside 6 featured catchy theme songs, that became just as much a part of the American pop culture landscape, as the shows themselves. Depending on the particular show (in this case, the Westerns), William Lava or David Buttolph would compose the music, with lyrics by Stan Jones or Paul Francis Webster, among others. For the crime shows, it was up to the songwriting team of Jerry Livingston and Mack David, who also scored the themes for the sitcom Room for One More, and The Bugs Bunny Show.

In 1960, WBTV turned its attentions to the younger viewer, for one program, anyway, as they brought Bugs Bunny and the other WB cartoon characters to prime-time, with The Bugs Bunny Show, which featured cartoons released after July 31, 1948 (which had not been sold to a.a.p.), combined with newly animated introductory material. Also, that year saw the debut of The Roaring Twenties (which was thought to be a more benign alternative to Desilu's The Untouchables. Whether or not that was the actual case, it was, in fact, much less successful).

WBTV expanded on its existing genre of Westerns and crime dramas, and in January, 1962, produced its first sitcom, Room For One More. Based on the memoirs of Anna Rose, which in 1952 WB made into a movie starring Cary Grant and his then wife Betsy Drake (the only movie that they worked together in) about a married couple with two children of their own, who went on to adopt at least two more, the TV series starred Andrew Duggan and Peggy McKay as George and Anna Rose. Acting legend Mickey Rooney's son Tim, and Ahna Capri, who would continue to do episodic TV roles and feature films (arguably, her best-known movie was Enter the Dragon starring Bruce Lee) were cast as the Rose's natural children. The show only lasted for half a season. In the fall of that year, a WWII drama The Gallant Men debuted, but lasted for only one season.

WBTV exclusively produced shows for the ABC network until 1963, when Temple Houston premiered on NBC.

In 1964, WBTV once again tried to turn a classic film comedy of its own into a sitcom, with No Time for Sergeants. Both the sitcom and the 1958 movie were based on the 1955 Broadway play, which starred Andy Griffith (TV's U.S. Steel Hour also adapted the stage play for TV in 1956). The sitcom starred Sammy Jackson as Will Stockdale, a naive Georgia farm boy drafted into the military. 1965 saw the debut of F-Troop, a Western spoof taking place at a U.S. Army post after the Civil War. Despite lasting two seasons, it is still considered a classic. Forrest Tucker, Larry Storch, and Ken Berry led an ensemble cast featuring military misfits, and an Indian tribe, who, among other things, forgot how to do a rain dance.

The streak of identifiable series subsided in 1963 with a halt of using stock company (acting) contract players and Jack Webb taking over WBTV and not being particularly successful. However, many series were still filmed at Warner Bros. such as F-Troop and The F.B.I..[9]

Later years[edit]

In 1976, the company acquired The Wolper Organization, most notably for Chico and the Man and Welcome Back, Kotter. In 1989, it acquired Lorimar-Telepictures. Telepictures was later folded into WBTV's distribution unit, and in 1990, came back as a television production company. In 1993, Lorimar Television was folded into WBTV.

In 2006, WBTV made its vast library of programs available for free viewing on the Internet (through sister company AOL's IN2TV service), with Welcome Back, Kotter as its marquee offering. Some of these programs have not been seen publicly since their last syndicated release in the 1980s.

WBTV has had a number of affiliated production houses that have co-produced many of their shows with WBTV. These include but are not limited to: Bruce Helford's Mohawk Productions (The Drew Carey Show, The Norm Show, The Oblongs, George Lopez), John Wells Productions (ER, The West Wing, Third Watch), Chuck Lorre Productions (Two and a Half Men, The Big Bang Theory, Mike & Molly, Mom), Jerry Bruckheimer Television (Without a Trace, Cold Case), Bad Robot Productions (Fringe, Person of Interest, Revolution), Rockne S. O'Bannon Television, Miller-Boyett Productions - which was inherited from Lorimar (Full House, Family Matters) and in 2010, Conan O'Brien's production company Conaco switched its affiliation to WBTV from Universal Media Studios, coinciding with O'Brien's move to his new talk show, Conan at Time Warner-owned TBS.[10]

In August 2009 in Australia, The Nine Network and Warner Bros. Television launched digital free-to-air channel GO! with Warner Bros. Television holding a 33% stake in the new joint venture with Sony Pictures (titles were later picked up by rival Seven in 2011). During that, the network signed 4 more years with the output between 2011 and 2015.

On June 11, 2012, Warner Bros. Television acquired Alloy Entertainment.[11][12] On June 2, 2014, Warner Bros. Television Group purchased all of Eyeworks' companies outside of the United States. Eyeworks USA however, will remain independent.[13]

Partial list of programs produced by WBTV[14][edit]

Warner Bros. Television[edit]

Title Years Network Notes
Warner Bros. Presents 1955–1956 ABC
Cheyenne 1955–1963 ABC
Conflict 1956–1957 ABC
Sugarfoot 1957–1960 ABC
Colt .45 1957–1960 ABC
Maverick 1957–1962 ABC
Lawman 1958–1962 ABC
77 Sunset Strip 1958–1964 ABC
The Alaskans 1959–1960 ABC
Bourbon Street Beat 1959–1960 ABC
Hawaiian Eye 1959–1963 ABC
The Bugs Bunny Show 1960–2000 ABC/CBS
The Roaring Twenties 1960–1962 ABC
Surfside 6 1960–1962 ABC
Room for One More 1962 ABC
The Gallant Men 1962–1963 ABC
No Time For Sergeants 1964–1965 ABC
F Troop 1965–1967 ABC
The F.B.I. 1965–1974 ABC
Kung Fu 1972–1975 ABC
Wonder Woman 1975–1979 ABC/CBS
Welcome Back, Kotter 1975-1979 ABC
Alice 1976–1985 CBS based on the 1974 film Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore
The New Adventures of Batman 1977 CBS co-production with Filmation Associates and DC Comics
The Dukes of Hazzard 1979–1985 CBS
This Old House 1979–present PBS Distribution only for syndication; primarily produced by WGBH-TV/This Old House Ventures
Love, Sidney 1981–1983 NBC
The Dukes 1983 CBS co-production with Hanna-Barbera
Scarecrow and Mrs. King 1983–1987 CBS
V 1984–1985 NBC
Night Court 1984–1992 NBC
Spenser: For Hire 1985–1988 ABC
Growing Pains 1985–1992 ABC
Head of the Class 1986–1991 ABC
My Sister Sam 1986–1988 CBS
Full House 1987–1995 ABC 1987–1988 episodes from Lorimar-Telepictures; 1988–1993 episodes from Lorimar Television
Police Academy 1988–1989 First-run syndication co-production with Ruby-Spears
Just the Ten of Us 1988–1990 ABC
Murphy Brown 1988–1998 CBS
Beetlejuice 1989–1991 ABC/FOX/Nickelodeon/Cartoon Network co-production with The Geffen Film Company and Nelvana
Life Goes On 1989–1993 ABC
Family Matters 1989–1998 ABC/CBS 1989–1993 episodes from Lorimar Television
The Flash 1990–1991 CBS
The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air 1990–1996 NBC
Sisters 1991–1996 NBC 1991–1993 episodes from Lorimar Television
Step By Step 1991–1998 ABC/CBS 1991–1993 episodes from Lorimar Television
Hangin' with Mr. Cooper 1992–1997 ABC 1992–1993 episodes from Lorimar Television
Kung Fu: The Legend Continues 1993–1997 PTEN
Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman 1993–1997 ABC
Living Single 1993–1998 FOX
Free Willy 1994 ABC co-production with Regency Enterprises and Nelvana
Babylon 5 1994–1998 PTEN/TNT
Friends 1994–2004 NBC co-produced with Bright/Kauffman/Crane Productions
ER 1994–2009 NBC co-produced with Amblin Entertainment, John Wells Productions and Constant c Productions
History of Rock 'n' Roll 1995 PTEN Documentary mini-series; co-production with Andrew Solt Productions, QDE, Telepictures Productions, and Time-Life Video & Television
Muscle 1995 The WB co-produced with Witt/Thomas Productions and Boone County Productions
Bless This House 1995–1996 CBS co-produced with Mohawk Productions
Kirk 1995–1997 The WB co-produced with Bickley-Warren Productions and Jeff Franklin Productions
The Wayans Bros. 1995–1999 The WB
The Parent 'Hood 1995–1999 The WB
Ace Ventura: Pet Detective 1995–2000 CBS/Nickelodeon co-production with Morgan Creek Productions and Nelvana
The Drew Carey Show 1995–2004 ABC co-produced with Mohawk Productions
MADtv 1995–2009 FOX
Lush Life 1996 FOX co-produced with SisterLee Productions
Life with Roger 1996-1997 The WB
Nick Freno: Licensed Teacher 1996–1998 The WB co-produced with Warren-Rinsler Productions
The Jamie Foxx Show 1996–2001 The WB
Everybody Loves Raymond 1996–2005 CBS Distribution only with King World; produced by Where's Lunch, HBO Independent Productions, and Worldwide Pants Incorporated
The New Adventures of Zorro 1997-1998 Kids WB! co-produced with Fred Wolf Films
Veronica's Closet 1997–2000 NBC co-produced with Bright/Kauffman/Crane Productions
Kelly Kelly 1998 The WB
Hyperion Bay 1998–1999 The WB
Two of a Kind 1998–1999 ABC co-produced with Griffard/Adler Productions, Dualstar Productions, and Miller-Boyett-Warren Productions
Jesse 1998–2000 NBC
For Your Love 1998–2002 NBC/The WB co-produced with SisterLee Productions
Will & Grace 1998–2006 NBC co-produced with 3 Sisters Entertainment, KoMut Entertainment, NBC Studios (1998-2004), and NBC Universal Television Studios
Whose Line Is It Anyway? 1998–2007
2013–present
ABC
The CW
co-produced with Hat Trick Productions
The Norm Show 1999–2001 ABC co-produced with Mohawk Productions
Jack & Jill 1999–2001 The WB co-produced with The Canton Company
Third Watch 1999-2005 NBC co-produced with John Wells Productions
The West Wing 1999–2006 NBC co-produced with John Wells Productions
Hype 2000–2001 The WB
Nikki 2000–2002 The WB co-produced with Mohawk Productions
Gilmore Girls 2000–2007 The WB/The CW co-produced with Dorothy Parker Drank Here Productions and Hofflund/Polone
Citizen Baines 2001 CBS co-produced with John Wells Productions and Lydia Woodward Productions)
The Oblongs 2001–2002 The WB
Witchblade 2001–2002 TNT
The Nightmare Room 2001–2002 The WB co-produced with Parachute Entertainment and Tollin/Robbins Productions
Off Centre 2001–2002 The WB vo-produced with DreamWorks Television and Weitz, Weitz and Zuker
Smallville 2001–2011 The WB/The CW co-produced with Tollin/Robbins Productions, Millar Gough Ink, and DC Comics
The Court 2002 ABC co-produced with John Wells Productions
Presidio Med 2002–2003 CBS co-produced with Lydia Woodward Productions and John Wells Productions
Fastlane 2002–2003 FOX co-produced with McNamara Paper Products, Wonderland Sound and Vision and 20th Century Fox Television
Birds of Prey 2002–2003 The WB
Everwood 2002–2006 WB co-produced with Berlanti Liddell Productions
What I Like About You 2002–2006 The WB
George Lopez 2002–2007 ABC co-produced with Fortis Productions and Mohawk Productions
Without a Trace 2002–2009 CBS
Wanda at Large 2003 FOX co-produced with Mohawk Productions
Skin 2003 FOX co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television and Hoosier Karma Productions
Run of the House 2003–2004 The WB co-produced with The Tannenbaum Company and Two Out Rally Productions
Like Family 2003–2004 The WB co-produced with 3 Hounds Productions, MHS Productions and The Littlefield Co.
All About the Andersons 2003–2004 The WB
Eve 2003–2006 UPN
The O.C. 2003–2007 FOX co-production with College Hill Pictures Inc. and Wonderland Sound and Vision
Nip/Tuck 2003–2010 FX co-produced with Ryan Murphy Productions, Hands Down Entertainment, The Shephard-Robin Company and Stu Segall Productions
Cold Case 2003–2010 CBS
One Tree Hill 2003–2012 The WB/The CW
Two and a Half Men 2003–2015 CBS co-produced with Chuck Lorre Productions and The Tannenbaum Company
The Help 2004–2004 The WB
Jack & Bobby 2004–2005 The WB co-produced with Shoe Money Productions and Berlanti-Lippell Productions
The Mountain 2004–2005 The WB Television Network co-produced with Shaun Cassidy Productions and Wonderland Sound and Vision
Blue Collar TV 2004–2006 The WB
Joey 2004–2006 NBC
The Batman 2004–2008 The WB/The CW co-produced with Warner Bros. Animation and DC Comics
Veronica Mars 2004–2007 UPN/The CW co-produced with Stu Segall Productions, Silver Pictures Television and Rob Thomas Productions
Twins 2005–2006 The WB
Just Legal 2005–2006 The WB co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
E-Ring 2005–2006 NBC co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
Freddie 2005–2006 ABC co-produced with Mohawk Productions and Hunga Rican, Excitable Boy!
The War at Home 2005–2007 FOX
Close to Home 2005–2007 CBS co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
The Closer 2005–2012 TNT
Supernatural 2005–Present The WB/The CW co-produced with Wonderland Sound and Vision and Kripke Enterprises
Modern Men 2006 The WB co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
The Bedford Diaries 2006 The WB co-produced with HBO Independent Productions, Levinson / Fontana Company and Mother Trucker Television Productions Ltd
Justice 2006 FOX co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
Smith 2006 CBS co-produced with John Wells Productions
The Class 2006–2007 CBS
Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip 2006–2007 NBC
The Nine 2006–2007 ABC
Moonlight 2007–2008 CBS co-produced with Silver Pictures Television
Aliens in America 2007–2008 The CW co-produced with CBS Television Studios
Life Is Wild 2007–2008 The CW co-produced with CBS Television Studios
Pushing Daisies 2007–2009 ABC
The New Adventures of Old Christine 2006–2010 CBS
Chuck 2007–2012 NBC
Gossip Girl 2007–2012 The CW co-produced with CBS Television Studios
The Big Bang Theory 2007–Present CBS co-produced with Chuck Lorre Productions
Eleventh Hour 2008–2009 CBS co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television and Granada America
Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles 2008–2009 FOX co-produced with C2-Pictures, Sarah Connor Pictures, Bartleby Company, The Halcyon Company and 20th Century Fox Television
Fringe 2008–2013 FOX co-produced with Bad Robot Productions
The Mentalist 2008–2015 CBS
The Beautiful Life: TBL 2009 The CW
Eastwick 2009 ABC
Hank 2009 ABC
The Forgotten 2009–2010 ABC co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
V 2009–2011 ABC co-produced with ABC Studios; WB has international distribution rights outside the US
Southland 2009–2013 NBC co-produced with John Wells Productions
The Middle 2009–Present ABC
The Vampire Diaries 2009–Present The CW co-produced with CBS Television Studios
Human Target 2010–2011 FOX
Life Unexpected 2010-2011 The CW co-produced with CBS Television Studios and LY Productions and Mojo Films
Past Life 2010 FOX
Miami Medical 2010 CBS co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television and Bonanza Productions
Romantically Challenged 2010 ABC
Childrens Hospital 2010–present Adult Swim Co-produced with Williams Street
Hellcats 2010 The CW with CBS Television Studios
Nikita 2010–2013 The CW
Chase 2010-2011 NBC co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television and Bonanza Productions
Mike & Molly 2010–present CBS Co-produced with Chuck Lorre Productions
Better with You 2010–2011 ABC
Undercovers 2010 NBC co-produced with Bad Robot Productions
The Whole Truth 2010 ABC co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
$h*! My Dad Says 2010-2011 CBS co-produced with KoMut Entertainment
Shameless 2011–present Showtime co-produced with John Wells Productions
Harry's Law 2011–2012 NBC
Ringer 2011-2012 The CW with ABC Studios and CBS Television Studios
The Secret Circle 2011-2012 The CW with CBS Television Studios
2 Broke Girls 2011–present CBS
Person of Interest 2011–present CBS Co-produced with Bad Robot Productions
Hart of Dixie 2011–2015 The CW with CBS Television Studios
Suburgatory 2011–2014 ABC
I Hate My Teenage Daughter 2011-2012 FOX
Work It 2012 ABC Co-produced with Bonanza Productions and Summer School Productions
Are You There, Chelsea? 2012 NBC Co-produced with Borderline Amazing Productions and Werner Entertainment
Alcatraz 2012 FOX Co-produced with Bad Robot Productions
Major Crimes 2012–present TNT
Revolution 2012–2014 NBC Co-produced with Bad Robot Productions and Kripke Enterprises
Partners 2012 CBS
666 Park Avenue 2012 ABC Co-produced with Alloy Entertainment
Arrow 2012–present The CW Co-produced with Berlanti Television and DC Comics
Emily Owens, M.D. 2012-2013 The CW
The Carrie Diaries 2013-2014 The CW
Newsreaders 2013–present Adult Swim Co-produced with Williams Street and Abominable Pictures
The Following 2013–2015 FOX Co-produced with Outerbanks Entertainment
Cult 2013 The CW
Golden Boy 2013 CBS
Hostages 2013-2014 CBS Co-produced with Jerry Bruckheimer Television
Mom 2013–present CBS Co-produced with Chuck Lorre Productions
Super Fun Night 2013–2014 ABC Co-produced with Conaco
The Originals 2013–present The CW Co-produced with CBS Television Studios
The Tomorrow People 2013–2014 The CW Co-produced with FremantleMedia North America & CBS Television Studios
Reign 2013–present The CW Co-produced with Joyful Girl Productions, Take 5 Productions, Whizbang Films and CBS Television Studios
Almost Human 2013-2014 FOX Co-produced with Frequency Films and Bad Robot Productions
Believe 2014 NBC Co-produced with Bad Robot Productions and Esperanto Filmoj
Star-Crossed 2014 The CW Co-produced with Space Floor Television, Olé Productions and CBS Television Studios
The 100 2014–present The CW Co-produced with Alloy Entertainment and CBS Television Studios
Surviving Jack 2014 FOX Co-produced with Doozer
Undateable 2014–present NBC Co-produced with Doozer
The Mysteries of Laura 2014–present NBC Co-produced with Berlanti Productions, Jeff Rake Productions, Kapital Entertainment and New Media Vision
Forever 2014–2015 ABC Co-produced with Good Session and Lin Pictures
Gotham 2014-present Fox Co-produced with DC Comics
Selfie 2014 ABC
Stalker 2014–2015 CBS Co-produced with Outerbanks Entertainment
A to Z 2014-2015 NBC
The Flash 2014–present The CW Co-produced with DC Comics
Jane the Virgin 2014-present The CW Co-produced with CBS Television Studios
Constantine 2014-2015 NBC Co-produced with DC Comics
iZombie 2015–present The CW Co-produced with DC Comics
The Messengers 2015 The CW Co-produced with Thunder Road Pictures and CBS Television Studios
Marietta 2015 FOX Co-produced with David Greenwalt Entertainment and Imagine Television

Warner Horizon Television[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Warner Bros. Enters Tv Field With Pact for ABC-TV Shows". Broadcasting: p. 112. 1955-03-21. 
  2. ^ "Time Warner Inc. Reports Results for 2007 Full Year and Fourth Quarter". 
  3. ^ Sperling, Cass Warner, Warner Jr, Jack, Millner Cork Hollywood Be They Name
  4. ^ 1957 MOVIES FROM AAP Warner Bros Features & Cartoons SALES BOOK DIRECTED AT TV
  5. ^ p.88 Baughman, James L The Republic of Mass Culture" Journalism, Filmmaking, and Broadcasting in Amereica since 1941 JHU Press 2006
  6. ^ p.54 Weaver, Tom I Talked With a Zombie Robert Colbert Interview 2008 McFarland
  7. ^ pp.86–87 Davis, Ronald L. Just Making Movies: Company Directors on the Studio System Vincent Sherman interview 2005 University Press of Mississippi
  8. ^ p.81 Evans, Robert The Kid Stays in the Picture 1994 Phoenix Books
  9. ^ Woolley, Lynn, Malsbar, Robert, Strange Jr, Robert G Warner Bros. Television: Every Show of the Fifties and Sixties Episode-By-Episode McFarland Company (1985)
  10. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2010-04-24). "EXCLUSIVE: Warner Bros TV Signing Conan O'Brien's Company To Big Production Deal". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  11. ^ "Hollywood Deadline" Warner Bros TV Group Acquires Alloy Entertainment deadline.com, Retrieved on June 12, 2012
  12. ^ "Hollywood Reporter" Warner Bros. TV Group Acquires 'Gossip Girl' Producer Alloy Entertainment hollywoodreporter.com, Retrieved on June 12, 2012
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ Woolley, Lynn, Malsbar, Robert, Strange Jr, Robert G. Warner Brothers Television: Every Show of the Fifties and Sixties Episode-By-Episode McFarland Company (1985)