CBS Productions

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CBS Productions
TypeSubsidiary
IndustryTelevision production
Founded1952 (the Columbia Broadcasting System television network's in-house production arm)
1984 (re-launched as CBS Entertainment Productions)
2008 (in-name-only unit of CBS Television Studios)
2015 (second revived company)
2016 (third revived company)
DefunctNovember 28, 2019; 2 years ago (November 28, 2019)
Fatere-launched as CBS Entertainment Productions in 1984
Folded into Paramount Television in 2006
SuccessorParamount Network Television (2004–06)
CBS Paramount Television (2006–09)
CBS Television Studios (2009–20)
CBS Studios (2020–present)
HeadquartersCBS Studio Center, ,
OwnerParamount Global
ParentCBS Television Studios (CBS Entertainment Group) (2008–2012, 2015–2016, 2017–2020)
Silent (2004–2008, 2012–2015, 2016–2017)

CBS Productions, Inc. was a production arm of the CBS television network (an initialism of Columbia Broadcasting System, along with its parent company CBS Television Studios, Inc. ; the radio network was founded in 1927), now a part of Paramount Global, formed in 1952 to produce shows in-house, instead of relying solely on outside productions. One of its first productions was Studio One, a drama anthology series.

Later productions of note included the original Perry Mason, The Twilight Zone, Gunsmoke, The Wild Wild West, Hawaii Five-O, Rescue 911, Touched by an Angel, Walker, Texas Ranger and 1998–2006 episodes of The King of Queens, the CSI franchise and season 1 of 90210.

History[edit]

Prior to 1984, CBS Productions was credited in its entertainment programs in the ending scroll merely as CBS Television Network, Inc. . In 1979, CBS struck a deal with Trident Television Associates to bring the telemovies for off-net syndication.[1]

Distribution rights to most CBS-produced entertainment programming, especially those that debuted prior to 1971, was acquired that year by Viacom Enterprises, the syndication unit of Viacom, which was created to corporate spin-off CBS's domestic syndication and cable television operations due to Financial Interest and Syndication Rules being upheld in 1971 (later repealed in 1993). CBS retained ownership of these programs (including the rights to release them for other media forms, such as VHS videotapes and later in DVD discs) with at least one exception—the Terrytoons library, which was acquired by Viacom with the split, as CBS saw no value in the cartoons.

On December 17, 1984, CBS re-launched the production arm as CBS Entertainment Productions, Inc., to produce shows, for several projects, including networks, syndication, theatrical feature and global film distribution, while continuing CBS Productions's production slate, which was producing television movies into the studio.[2] In 1986, Ridley Scott, who was a successful feature film director, inked a deal with CBS Entertainment to deliver a made-for-TV movie that didn't make it to air.[3] In 1988, Maddy Horne, who was senior director was promoted to vice president of current programs at the CBS Entertainment studio.[4]

In 1987, CBS announced that they would produce 22 in-house productions by November 15, 1990, although the production factory is unlikely and the time is when the curtain comes down on the consent decree that the Big Three networks through the Justice Department, an agreement that limits the number of television productions in-house.[5]

From 1991 though 1996, Andy Hill was the president of CBS Productions, leading the development and production of programming owned by the network. He oversaw some of the most successful prime time shows of the decade, including Touched by an Angel; Caroline in the City; Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman; Walker, Texas Ranger; Dave's World; and Rescue 911.[6] With other romantic comedy options in the works, CBS' programming department passed on Caroline in the City.[6][7] However, Hill was convinced it was a hit program, and found a buyer for the show in NBC.[8] It was the first series that NBC had bought from a rival network, as well as the first one that CBS had sold to a competitor.[9] Hill called NBC's decision "the most important statement CBS Productions has ever made about our legitimacy in this business."[8] In 1996, Hill asked to be released from his CBS contract to join MCA Inc., but his boss—CBS Entertainment President Les Moonves—refused. However, Hill left CBS the following year.[10]

In 1995, veteran producer Steven Bochco signed a deal with CBS in order to maintain the programming for five years, until 2000.[11] In 1999, Maria Crenna joined the company as executive vice president of the studio.[12] In 1998, although CBS retained production on the Ann-Margaret drama, Columbia TriStar Television sold off its interest to Rysher Entertainment.[13]

Viacom and CBS rejoined in 1999 with Viacom's acquisition of CBS itself. In 2004, CBS Entertainment Productions merged with Paramount Network Television to become a new incarnation of Paramount Network Television.[14] CBS Productions ceased to exist in September 2004 by merging it completely into Paramount Network Television, though converting CBS Productions into an in-name only unit of the studio, while the CBS Productions logo was used on existing CBS-produced shows, newer CBS shows would use the Paramount logo.[15]

In January 2006, as a result of the splitting of CBS and Viacom back into separate companies, Paramount Television would later be renamed to CBS Paramount Television to reflect the split, whose main production division, CBS Paramount Network Television, continued to produce the former CBS Productions shows that are still running. Later on September 26, 2006, CBS Paramount Domestic Television, CBS Paramount International Television, CBS Home Entertainment, and King World (established 1964, acquired by CBS in 2000) were combined to form CBS Television Distribution. Even though most new shows carried the CBS Paramount or CBS TV Studios logos, the CBS Productions logo was continued to be used on specials of The Thanksgiving Parade on CBS until November 28, 2019, when newer Thanksgiving Parade specials from 2020 onwards carried the CBS Studios logo.[16]

On July 15, 2008, after becoming defunct in 2004, the CBS Productions logo was used on newer shows as a legacy credit, starting with episodes of the television series The Cleaner on A&E and 90210 on The CW television network, though it was technically produced by CBS Paramount Network Television.[17] 90210 was the first series produced by the resurrected CBS Productions name. Its logo was also used on Hawaii Five-0, The Good Wife, 90210 and Blue Bloods for a brief period of time, as well as newer shows airing on CBS and The CW, although it was technically produced by CBS Television Studios. The legacy CBS Productions logo was dropped in 2012, and it was replaced by the CBS Television Studios logo.[18]

On March 4, 2015, the CBS Productions logo was used to appear on CSI: Cyber globally as a legacy credit to honor the entire franchise, but the logo was dropped when the show was cancelled, and all future CBS shows would carry the CBS Television Studios logo.[19] Subsequently, CBS Productions became part of ViacomCBS when CBS Corporation remerged with Viacom on December 4, 2019.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Monitor" (PDF). Broadcasting. 1979-07-30. Retrieved 2021-09-05.
  2. ^ "CBS structures new marketing unit" (PDF). Broadcasting. 1984-12-17. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  3. ^ "CBS Entertainment Buys Six TV Movies From Non-TV Types". Variety. 1986-10-22. pp. 452, 460.
  4. ^ "Fates & Fortunes" (PDF). Broadcasting. 1988-09-12. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  5. ^ Dempsey, John (1987-09-30). "By Fall '90, CBS Free To Make All Primetime Shows In-House, But 'Production Factory' Unlikely". Variety. pp. 99, 120.
  6. ^ a b "Remembering Coach John Wooden". California State University, Long Beach. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015.
  7. ^ Tomashoff, Greg (May 28, 1995). "The Birth of a Sitcom: How a hopeful TV series called 'Caroline in the City' grew from dream to reality". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 8, 2022.
  8. ^ a b Carter, Bill (May 15, 1995). "The Media Business: Television; A castoff show may come back to haunt CBS from its lofty new perch on NBC's schedule". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 2, 2015.
  9. ^ "It's Alphabet for an Eye as web-prod'n line blurs". Variety. May 15, 1995. Archived from the original on June 2, 2015.
  10. ^ Hofmeister, Sallie (March 22, 1996). "Comcast Enters a Whole New Arena". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015.
  11. ^ "Bochco signs deal with CBS" (PDF). Broadcasting. 1995-03-06. Retrieved 2021-08-16.
  12. ^ "Maria Crenna - LinkedIn".
  13. ^ Hontz, Jenny (1998-01-16). "Eye web drama in transit". Variety. Retrieved 2021-09-16.
  14. ^ Executive shake-up unveiled at CBS, Paramount TV . The Indian Express (2004-09-08). Retrieved on 2013-08-18.
  15. ^ Adalian, Josef; Schneider, Michael (2004-09-07). "Moonves' TV makeovers". Variety. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  16. ^ Hayes, Dade (2020-10-08). "CBS Streamlines Brand Identity To Stand Out In Streaming Landscape, Preserving The Eye And Adding 5-Tone Audio Tag". Deadline. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  17. ^ Dempsey, John (2008-02-11). "Bratt to star in A&E's 'Cleaner'". Variety. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  18. ^ Goldsmith, Jill (2012-06-12). "CBS, ABC wrap upfront sales". Variety. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  19. ^ "2014-15 CBS Schedule". Deadline. 2014-05-07. Retrieved 2021-11-25.