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GSh-18 (ГШ-18)
GSh-18 pistol at Celebration of 70th anniversary of the Victory in the Battle of Stalingrad in TSNIITOCHMASH.jpg
Gryazev and Shipunov 9mm GSh-18 pistol
TypeSemi-automatic pistol
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2000–present
Used byRussia
Production history
DesignerV.P. Gryazev[1]
A.G. Shipunov[1]
ManufacturerKBP Instrument Design Bureau
Unit cost14,810 roubles (2008)
23,314.44 roubles (2012)[3]
Variantsvarious civilian versions
Mass590 g (21 oz)
Length184 mm (7.2 in)
Barrel length103 mm (4.1 in)
Width34 mm (1.3 in)
Height136 mm (5.4 in)

Cartridge9×19mm Parabellum
9×19mm 7N21 +P+
9×19mm 7N31 +P+
ActionShort recoil, rotating barrel striker fired
Muzzle velocity535 m/s (1,755 ft/s)–570 m/s (1,870.1 ft/s)
Feed system18-round detachable box magazine
SightsFixed; front blade and rear notch

The GSh-18 (Cyrillic: ГШ-18) is a 9 mm semi-automatic pistol developed by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau in Tula during the 1990s. The pistol's name is derived from its designers—Gryazev and Shipunov—and its magazine capacity of 18 rounds.[1][2]


The GSh-18 entered service in 2000 with the Russian Ministry of Justice.[4] It was only in 2003 that the pistol was widely adopted under Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 166.[4]

Design details[edit]

The GSh-18 is a rotating-barrel, short recoil, locked-breech pistol with 10 locking lugs spaced equally around the barrel, the large locking surface area resulting in a strong lockup,[5] making it suitable for high-velocity ammunition loads. The GSh-18 may be employed using standard 9×19mm Parabellum rounds, but was designed for the high velocity, Russian armour-piercing 9×19mm 7N31 round. The pistol incorporates a pre-set striker.[1] The slide and working parts are steel, and the weapon has a polymer frame.

Two different designs of grip have been observed.[5] The magazine capacity is 18 rounds, and an additional round may be carried in the chamber. The magazine release is reversible for left-handed shooters and the ejector doubles as a loaded chamber indicator. The magazines are a double stack, double feed design common to Russian military handguns.


The GSh-18 is designed to fire standard 9×19mm Parabellum as well as the Russian 9×19mm 7N21 (Cyrillic: 7Н21) and 7N31 (Cyrillic: 7Н31) +P+ armor-piercing rounds.[6] The 7N31, has demonstrated penetration of 8 mm of steel (15–20 meters of distance).[1][7]


  • GSh-18 (GRAU index 6P54)
  • GSh-18 Tactical with Picatinny rail, a new receiver and an ability to install a silencer, which was officially revealed in 2012.[8]
  • GSh-18S «Sport» (ГШ-18С «Спорт») – civilian version with modified trigger and firing pin and 10-round detachable box magazine[citation needed]
  • GSh-18 «Sport 2» (ГШ-18 «Спорт 2») – civilian version with modified trigger and 18-round detachable box magazine[9]
  • GSh-18T (ГШ-18Т) – Non-lethal version using MP-80-13т .45 rubber bullets.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Владимир Доквадзе. ГШ-18. Серьёзный аргумент. Archived 21 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine // журнал "Ружьё", № 4, 2008
  2. ^ a b Евгений Александров. Дело «Грачей». Новые пистолеты Российской армии. // журнал «Калашников. Оружие, боеприпасы, снаряжение», № 4, 2003 г. стр.12-17
  3. ^ "девятимиллиметровый пистолет ГШ-18. Это один из самых дорогих подарков – 23 314.44 руб."
    Руслан Игнатьев. Оружие в законе // "Экспресс-газета", № 32 (913) от 15 августа 2012
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ a b "GSH-18". 3 May 2013.
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "New Yarigin PYa 6P54 9mm semi-automatic pistol will replace old PM Makarov in Russian army TASS 11505161 | weapons defence industry military technology UK | analysis focus army defence military industry army".
  9. ^ ГШ-18 СПОРТ Archived 15 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine / официальный сайт Тульского КБ Приборостроения
  10. ^ Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 166 от 21 марта 2003 г.
  11. ^ "ОАО «Конструкторское бюро приборостроения» - Перспективы сотрудничества будут расширены". Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  12. ^ Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 568 от 16 сентября 2006 года
  13. ^ Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 776 от 2 октября 2009 года "Об обеспечении боевым ручным стрелковым и иным оружием, патронами к нему, специальными средствами, оборудованием и снаряжением Федеральной службы судебных приставов"


  • Михаил Дегтярев. Правнук «Токарева» // журнал «Калашников. Оружие. Боеприпасы. Снаряжение», No. 1, 2001 г. стр.10-18
  • 9-миллиметровый пистолет ГШ-18 // журнал «Солдат удачи», No. 5 (80), 2001. стр.24-25
  • 9х19 мм пистолет ГШ-18. Руководство по эксплуатации

External links[edit]