Gausdal

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Gausdal kommune
View of the Aulstad Church area in Gausdal
View of the Aulstad Church area in Gausdal
Flag of Gausdal kommune
Coat of arms of Gausdal kommune
Official logo of Gausdal kommune
Gausdal within Innlandet
Gausdal within Innlandet
Coordinates: 61°16′36″N 9°55′21″E / 61.27667°N 9.92250°E / 61.27667; 9.92250Coordinates: 61°16′36″N 9°55′21″E / 61.27667°N 9.92250°E / 61.27667; 9.92250
CountryNorway
CountyInnlandet
DistrictGudbrandsdal
Established1 Jan 1838
 • Created asFormannskapsdistrikt
Disestablished1879
 • Succeeded byVestre Gausdal and Østre Gausdal
Re-established1 Jan 1962
 • Preceded byVestre Gausdal and Østre Gausdal
Administrative centreSegalstad bru
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Stig Melbø (Sp)
Area
 • Total1,191.16 km2 (459.91 sq mi)
 • Land1,146.42 km2 (442.64 sq mi)
 • Water44.74 km2 (17.27 sq mi)  3.8%
 • Rank#91 in Norway
Population
 (2022)
 • Total6,079
 • Rank#157 in Norway
 • Density5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Decrease −1.3%
DemonymGausdøl[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNeutral
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-3441
WebsiteOfficial website

Gausdal is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Segalstad bru. Other villages in Gausdal include Follebu, Forset, and Svingvoll.

The 1,191-square-kilometre (460 sq mi) municipality is the 91st largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Gausdal is the 157th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 6,079. The municipality's population density is 5.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (14/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 1.3% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

Logging, farming, and tourism are important industries in the municipality.

General information[edit]

The parish of Gausdal was established as a civil municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1867, a small area of neighboring Øyer Municipality (population: 40) was transferred into Gausdal. In 1879, the municipality of Gausdal was divided into two separate municipalities: Vestre Gausdal in the northwest (population: 2,362) and Østre Gausdal in the southeast (population: 5,911). On 27 July 1956, a small area of Sør-Fron municipality (population: 7) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Vestre Gausdal. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1962, the two municipalities of Vestre Gausdal (population: 2,590) and Østre Gausdal (population: 3,942) were merged into a new Gausdal Municipality.[5]

Name[edit]

The municipality (and parish) were named after the valley in which it is located. The Old Norse form of the name was Old Norse: Gausdalr. The first element comes from the river Gausa which flows through the valley and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The river name is derived from the verb Old Norse: gjósa which means "stream forcefully".[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

Skeikampen mountain – the outline is the inspiration for the municipal arms.

The coat of arms was granted on 19 September 1986. The official blazon is "Per fess azure and argent, a single stair step section slanting outwards" (Norwegian: Delt av blått og sølv ved enkelt trappesnitt skrått utover). This means the arms have a field (background) that is divided horizontally in the shape of a stair step that is slanting to the right. The field has a tincture of blue on the top part and argent on the bottom part. Argent means it is colored white most of the time, but if it is made out of metal, then silver is used. The arms were designed to mimic the shape of one of the main mountains in the municipality, Skeikampen. The bottom argent part represents the snowy mountain and the top blue part represents the sky. The arms were designed by Inger Line Thallaug.[7][8][9][10]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has five parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Gausdal. It is part of the Sør-Gudbrandsdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Hamar.

Churches in Gausdal
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Aulstad Aulstad Church Aulstad 1864
Follebu Follebu Church Follebu 1260
Svatsum Svatsum Church Svatsum 1860
Vestre Gausdal Vestre Gausdal Church Forset 1784
Østre Gausdal Østre Gausdal Church Østre Gausdal c. 1250

History[edit]

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Gausdal by country of origin in 2017[11]
Ancestry Number
 Poland 84
 Denmark 42
 Lithuania 36
 Germany 27
 Thailand 24
 Somalia 23
 Sweden 16

The old Follebu Church was built of stone in the early Middle Ages (around 1250). It is unusual in that the chancel and nave were built as one continuous piece.

In the 1880s, there was mining for nickel in the Espedalen valley in the northwest part of the municipality. The search for nickel was taken up again in 2004 by Blackstone Venture, a Canadian company. As of 2006, they are still drilling for mineral samples only.

Geography[edit]

An old barn at Torshov farm in Vang to the west. Gausdal resident Abraham Pihl was the architect.

Gausdal is bordered on the northwest by Sør-Fron Municipality, on the northeast by Ringebu Municipality and Øyer Municipality, on the southeast by Lillehammer Municipality, on the south by Nordre Land Municipality, and on the southwest by Nord-Aurdal Municipality and Øystre Slidre Municipality.

The famous Peer Gynt mountain road begins here and leads to the town of Vinstra.

A popular ski area is located on the south slope of Skeikampen mountain.

Western tributaries of the Gudbrandsdalslågen river include the Gausa River, which flows through Gausdalen valley. The lake Dokkfløyvatn is located in the municipality.

Norway's smallest national park, Ormtjernkampen National Park, lies within the municipality.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Gausdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor.[12] The municipality falls under the Vestre Innlandet District Court and the Eidsivating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Gausdal is made up of 23 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Gausdal kommunestyre 2020–2023 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre), Liberal Party (Venstre), and Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Local list in Gausdal (Bygdalista i Gausdal)2
Total number of members:23
Gausdal kommunestyre 2016–2019 [14][15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and the Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)
2
 Local list in Gausdal (Bygdalista i Gausdal)2
Total number of members:23
Gausdal kommunestyre 2012–2015 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and the Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)
2
 Local list in Gausdal (Bygdalista i Gausdal)4
Total number of members:23
Gausdal kommunestyre 2008–2011 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and the Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)
3
 Local list in Gausdal (Bygdalista i Gausdal)6
Total number of members:23
Gausdal kommunestyre 2004–2007 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and the Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)
3
 Local list in Gausdal (Bygdalista i Gausdal)2
Total number of members:23
Gausdal kommunestyre 2000–2003 [15][17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list in Gausdal (Bygdalista i Gausdal)4
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1996–1999 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list in Gausdal (Bygdalista i Gausdal)3
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1992–1995 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)15
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1988–1991 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1984–1987 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1980–1983 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1976–1979 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1972–1975 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1968–1971 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Common List of small farmholders and Liberal Party (Småbrukere og Venstre)4
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1964–1967 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders (Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)3
Total number of members:33
Gausdal kommunestyre 1962–1963 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)24
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)12
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:42
Note: On 1 January 1962, the municipalities of Vestre Gausdal and Østre Gausdal were merged into Gausdal. The members of the old municipal councils that had been elected from 1960-1963 were combined to form the new council for Gausdal. This was a temporary measure until the next election.

Mayors[edit]

The mayors of Gausdal (incomplete list):

  • 1962-1970: Reidar Engjom (Ap)
  • 1970-1975: Bjørn Midtlien (Ap)
  • 1976-1982: Kristian Baukhol (Ap)
  • 1983-1991: Nils Nygard (Ap)
  • 1992-1993: Liv Røe Johnsen (SV)
  • 1994–2001: Inger Enger (Sp)
  • 2001-2007: Olav Olstad (Sp)
  • 2007-2011: Mona B. Nicolaysen (Sp)
  • 2011-2019: Hans Oddvar Høistad (Ap)
  • 2019–present: Anette Musdalslien (Sp)

Notable residents[edit]

Public service[edit]

The Arts[edit]

Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, 1909

Sport[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Gausdal has sister city agreements with the following places:[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2022). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2022). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 183.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Godkjenning av våpen og flagg". Lovdata.no (in Norwegian). Norges kommunal- og arbeidsdepartementet. 19 September 1986. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  9. ^ "Gausdal, Oppland (Norway)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  10. ^ "Kommunevåpen for Gausdal". Gausdal kommune (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  11. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  12. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Innlandet". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2015 - Oppland". Valg Direktoratet.
  15. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  16. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Oppland". Valg Direktoratet.
  17. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1999 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 2000. ISBN 8253748531. ISSN 0332-8023.
  18. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1995 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. ISBN 8253743351. ISSN 0332-8023.
  19. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1991 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. ISBN 8253737939. ISSN 0332-8023.
  20. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1987 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. ISBN 8253726325. ISSN 0332-8023.
  21. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1983 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. ISBN 8253720378. ISSN 0332-8023.
  22. ^ Kommunestyrevalget 1979 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. ISBN 8253710836. ISSN 0332-8023.
  23. ^ Kommunevalgene 1975 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. ISBN 8253705646.
  24. ^ Kommunevalgene 1972 (PDF) (in Norwegian). Vol. I. Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. ISBN 8253701144.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norge: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960.
  28. ^ "Vennskapstreff i Mora" (in Norwegian). Gausdal kommune. Retrieved 30 December 2008.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]