Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gavutu Island
Gavutu Island is located in Solomon Islands
Gavutu Island
Gavutu Island
Location in Solomon Islands
Coordinates: 009°07′00″S 160°11′20″E / 9.11667°S 160.18889°E / -9.11667; 160.18889
CountrySolomon Islands
ProvinceCentral Province
Island groupNggela Islands Group

Gavutu is a small islet in the Central Province of Solomon Islands, some 500 metres (550 yards) in length. It is one of the Nggela Islands.



The first recorded sighting by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Álvaro de Mendaña on 16 April 1568. More precisely the sighting was due to a local voyage done by a small boat, in the accounts the brigantine Santiago, commanded by maestre de campo Pedro Ortega Valencia and having Hernán Gallego as pilot.[1][2]

By 1916, Levers Pacific Plantations Ltd had become the largest operator of coconut plantations in the Solomons. It established a trading station and cargo depot on Gavutu.[3]

World War II


Along with the nearby island of Tanambogo, it played an important role in the Guadalcanal campaign during World War II. In 1942 the Japanese attempted to establish a seaplane base on the island. On 7–9 August 1942, in the Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu–Tanambogo, the 1st Marine Parachute Battalion and elements of the U.S. 2nd Marine Regiment assaulted and occupied the island.[4][5]


  1. ^ Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford, 1960, p. 45.
  2. ^ Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p. 133.
  3. ^ Lawrence, David Russell (October 2014). "Chapter 9 The plantation economy" (PDF). The Naturalist and his "Beautiful Islands": Charles Morris Woodford in the Western Pacific. ANU Press. p. 271. ISBN 9781925022032.
  4. ^ "Conquest of Tanambogo & Gavutu Islands". Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Second Marine Division". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2012.