Genesis (Genesis album)
|Studio album by Genesis|
|Released||4 October 1983|
|Singles from Genesis|
Genesis is the twelfth studio album by the English rock band Genesis, released on 4 October 1983 by Charisma and Virgin Records. Following the band's tour in support of their 1982 live album Three Sides Live, Genesis took an eight-month break before they regrouped in the spring of 1983 to record a new studio album, their first since Abacab (1981). It marks their first written, recorded, and mixed in its entirety at their own recording facility named The Farm. Its title derives from the fact that the album was written collectively. According to AllMusic, the album established that Genesis were "now primarily a pop band", although "art rock functions as coloring".
Genesis was a commercial success upon its release. The album reached No. 1 on the UK Albums Chart and No. 9 on the US Billboard 200, where it sold over 4 million copies. Five singles were released between 1983 and 1984, with "Mama" being the band's highest-charting single in the UK at No. 4. Genesis was remastered in 2007 with new stereo and 5.1 surround sound mixes as part of the Genesis 1983–1998 box set.
Background and recording
In October 1982, the Genesis line-up of drummer/singer Phil Collins, keyboardist Tony Banks, and guitarist/bassist Mike Rutherford, with live drummer Chester Thompson and guitarist Daryl Stuermer, wrapped their two-month tour of North America and Europe in support of the band's third live album, Three Sides Live. They had also performed a one off gig titled Six of the Best with original Genesis frontman and singer Peter Gabriel and former guitarist Steve Hackett to raise funds for Gabriel's world music festival WOMAD after it ran into financial trouble. Genesis then entered a period of inactivity, during which the band resumed with their solo projects.
In the spring of 1983, the band reconvened at their studio named The Farm in Chiddingfold, Surrey to start work on a new studio album, their first since Abacab (1981). Genesis became their first album written, recorded, and mixed in its entirety at the studio room; previously they had to write in an adjoining space. Having the group work in their own space without the additional pressure of booking studio time and fees resulted in a more relaxed environment. They were joined by engineer Hugh Padgham, who had also worked on Abacab, but this time carried out production duties themselves with Geoff Callingham offering technical assistance. Rutherford recalled an initial period of slow and sluggish progress, but after a particularly productive session on the third day they had "two or three" songs worked out which increased their interest and excitement towards the album and in performing the new material on stage. Before the sessions began, the group considered the idea of Banks or Rutherford taking on a lead vocal on the album, but opted out as they had developed material with Collins's voice in mind. Banks said that he and Rutherford take a more prominent role in the backing vocals on Genesis than previous albums.
Banks explained the album was the result of the group's decision to "write an album and record it in one go, from start to finish". The group considered their strongest material had been put together collectively, so they decided to make an entire album in such a way as opposed to developing someone's pre-arranged ideas. Before, each member would contribute fully or partially arranged songs which restricted development or suggestions from the other members. This time tracks came about through jamming and improvisations in the studio that were recorded onto tape, ensuring the band remained unified and kept songs fresh. Banks noted that this made recording more exciting and spontaneous. This collaborative effort marked a return for Genesis crediting each member for writing the album as opposed to listing individual credits, which they had not done since The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway (1974). The collaborative effort also had an influence on the album's title as the group were unable to come up with a suitable name, so they used Genesis to emphasise the fact that it was written collectively.
Genesis displays the group moving towards shorter, more straightforward, and radio friendly songs. Rutherford said that the band had gone as far as they could with their progressive and art rock direction that they had adopted since the early 1970s and wanted to write and record in a more relaxed approach as previously, the band were more driven to present what they had to offer. Banks considered the music, and overall sound of Genesis, something that the band had longed for many years prior, specifically its more aggressive edge. He described side one as the "main act", while side two has the "character pieces".
The main keyboards that Banks used on the album are the Prophet 10, Synclavier, an E-mu Emulator, a Yamaha CP-70 electric grand piano, and an ARP Quadra on "Mama". At one point on the album, a sample the soundtrack to 2001: A Space Odyssey is used. Collins said: "You play a chord and a half of it's going at half the speed and part at twice the speed, sounds beautiful". Collins plays on a Simmons electronic drum kit.
"Mama" originated during a group jam session where Rutherford was experimenting with a Linn LM-1 electronic drum machine fed through a gated reverb and a Mesa Boogie amplifier, and "turned up incredibly loud" to the point of amplifiers jumping off the studio floor. Collins was influenced to go for a vocal that resembled John Lennon's style on his cover of "Be-Bop-A-Lula" on the song's verses. His laugh was influenced by the 1982 song "The Message" by rap band Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five which features a similar sound. Padgham had brought the single to the band and upon hearing it, Collins did the laugh during the subsequent improvisation session for "Mama" which the band liked and wished to use in the song. The group had doubts as to whether Collins could recreate the laugh on stage but had no problems.
When it came to picking a song as the album's lead single, Rutherford expected Genesis manager Tony Smith and record label staff to pick another track than "Mama", but said "full marks to them, they agreed we should go with something that was a bit different". Rutherford later rated "Mama" as one of the best songs on the album, and was pleased with its commercial performance after the band found singles chart success with a song that represented what Genesis "were all about" at the time. During one session, the band had a koto in the studio which was recorded through the E-mu Emulator and used as a sample for the song's percussion effect, partly because Banks had tried other options and could not get another sound to fit. It was fed through an AMS digital reverb and into a Fender amplifier with distortion applied.
"That's All" originated from Banks's simple piano riff which was followed by a drum pattern that instantly gave off a mood that the band wanted to develop further. Each member cited The Beatles as an influence for the song; Collins said his drumming was in tribute to the style of their drummer Ringo Starr, one of his drumming influences. The organ solo is played using a preset on the Synclavier imitating a Hammond B-3 organ, despite the reverse seen on the song's music video.
"Home by the Sea" tells the story of a burglar who breaks into a house only to find it is haunted and is captured by the ghosts that haunt it, and is then forced to listen to their life stories. Collins had repeated the phrase "home by the sea" while putting down dummy vocals at a time when Banks was writing lyrical ideas, and used the phrase to conjure up the story. The song originated with the band playing along to their Linn drum machine, during which Banks and Rutherford devised a guide theme on the keyboard and guitar, respectively, and Collins a vocal outline. With the guide parts laid out, the band then had a format as to its mood and how the song would take shape and developed it into a complete track. When the three were happy with what came out from it, they re-recorded the song individually onto tape with Collins replacing the Linn drum tracks with his own.
"Second Home by the Sea" developed from a group improvisation that began with Collins playing a drum riff that Banks and Rutherford liked and played on top. Banks estimated two hours was spent jamming on the idea on one day, followed by a second session of equal length the following day. The parts that were liked best were kept and organised into a cohesive arrangement and group proceeded to re-learn exactly what they had put down.
"Illegal Alien", with lyrics from Rutherford, is about illegal immigrants and their attempts to cross the border into the United States for a better life. Collins aimed for a more adventurous style of drumming and went through a number of different styles, noting what he ended up playing was perhaps more than what the song called for. The chosen style was "that basic rock-and-roll part-two and four on the snare, one and three on the bass. That's what made the tune work". It opens with sound effects of car horns and telephones which Banks played on his E-mu Emulator synthesiser which he found particularly exciting to record and incorporate such effects into the music. Collins felt more pleased with his drumming on "Mama" and "Illegal Alien" than on the band's more intricate tracks such as "Los Endos" from A Trick of the Tail. Banks denied any racist implications the song appeared to have towards Mexicans, but said "it is a tongue-in-cheek thing" and in fact more sympathetic towards immigrants.
"It's Gonna Get Better" features a keyboard introduction that Banks sampled from an album of classical music for cello, which he wanted to originally use to obtain a quality string sound on his keyboard but it failed. He then played four notes simultaneously using the same sample which unexpectedly created a sound of interweaving harmonies which he kept and used.
Genesis was released on 3 October 1983 and distributed by Charisma and Virgin Records in the United Kingdom and by Atlantic Records in the United States. It reached No. 1 on the UK Albums Chart for one week from 15 October 1983 during a fifty-one week stay on the chart, and re-entered the chart for a total of fifteen weeks between 1984 and 1987. The album peaked at No. 9 on the Billboard 200 during a forty-nine week stay. In the United Kingdom, the album reached Gold certification by the British Phonographic Industry on the day of release for shipment of 200,000 copies. In December 1983, the album reached Platinum certification and, in October 1987 reached double Platinum, the latter for selling 600,000 copies.
Four singles from the album were released between August 1983 and June 1984. A 12-inch single was released with longer versions of "Mama" and "It's Gonna Get Better", the edit for the latter containing an extra verse and chorus.
Genesis filmed promotional music videos for "Mama" and "Illegal Alien", both of which were filmed back to back on the same film set.
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
In his feature article on the band and the album in a September 1983 edition of Sounds, writer Bill Black described Genesis as "an at times frustrating cocktail of the sassy songwriting" that Collins' solo albums have been apparently brought into the band's songs, "spiced with tantalizing reminders" of the band's more progressive and art rock past. He was critical of "It's Gonna Get Better", summarising it as "pure formula" and compared its backtracked keyboard sound to "cosmic Elgar", but rated "Mama" as "savage that as you're likely to get with post Gabriel Genesis" and a notable departure from their earlier songs. In his retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine rated the album three and a half stars out of five. He criticised the album for lacking coherency, but found that a majority of the tracks are outstanding, "balancing such sleek, pulsating pop tunes as 'That's All' with a newfound touch for aching ballads." He also praised the band's completely redefining themselves as a pop group. The Kerrang! reviewer determined that for this album Genesis "have traded technical complexity and ingenuity for an altogether more stunning simplicity", making "a Genesis album for people who normally hate Genesis" and "great music for the masses".
In 1985 the album received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal while "Second Home by the Sea" was nominated for Best Rock Instrumental Performance.
All songs written by Genesis.
|3.||"Home by the Sea"||4:46|
|4.||"Second Home by the Sea"||6:22|
|2.||"Taking It All Too Hard"||3:54|
|3.||"Just a Job to Do"||4:44|
|5.||"It's Gonna Get Better"||5:00|
Credits are adapted from the album's 1983 sleeve notes.
- Tony Banks – keyboards, backing vocals
- Mike Rutherford – guitars, bass guitars, backing vocals
- Phil Collins – drums, percussion, lead vocals
- Genesis – production
- Hugh Padgham – production, engineer
- Geoff Callingham – technical assistance
- Tony Smith – manager
- Geoff Banks, Steve Jones, Dale and Clair Newman, Andy Mackrill, Jo Greenwood and all at Hit & Run Music – Without whom department
- Bill Smith – sleeve design
- Chris Peyton – sleeve adaptation (for The Redroom)
Charts and certifications
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- De Whalley, Chas (3 November 1983). "Genesis 'Genesis'". Kerrang!. 54. Spotlight Publications Ltd. pp. 10–11.
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- Nathan Brackett; Christian David Hoard (2004). The new Rolling Stone album guide. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 328. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8.
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- Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. p. 263. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
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- "British album certifications – Genesis – Genesis". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Genesis in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American album certifications – Genesis – Genesis". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.