German submarine U-843
|Ordered:||20 January 1941|
|Builder:||DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen|
|Laid down:||21 April 1942|
|Launched:||15 December 1942|
|Commissioned:||24 March 1943|
|Fate:||Sunk, 9 April 1945|
|Class and type:||Type IXC/40 submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)|
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 44 enlisted|
|Victories:||1 commercial ship sunk (8,261 GRT)|
German submarine U-843 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 21 April 1942 at the DeSchiMAG AG Weser yard in Bremen, launched on 15 December 1942, and commissioned on 24 March 1943 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Oskar Herwartz. After training with 4th U-boat Flotilla in the Baltic Sea, U-843 was transferred to 2nd U-boat Flotilla on 1 November 1943 for front-line service, and was transferred to 33rd U-boat Flotilla on 1 October 1944. She carried out three war patrols, sinking one ship, and was sunk by a British aircraft in April 1945. In 1958 the wreck was raised, and then broken up at Gothenburg.
German Type IXC/40 submarines were slightly larger than the original Type IXCs. U-843 had a displacement of 1,144 tonnes (1,126 long tons) when at the surface and 1,257 tonnes (1,237 long tons) while submerged. The U-boat had a total length of 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in), a pressure hull length of 58.75 m (192 ft 9 in), a beam of 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged four-stroke, nine-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 4,400 metric horsepower (3,240 kW; 4,340 shp) for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 1,000 shaft horsepower (1,010 PS; 750 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.92 m (6 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 13,850 nautical miles (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-843 was fitted with six 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and two at the stern), 22 torpedoes, one 10.5 cm (4.13 in) SK C/32 naval gun, 180 rounds, and a 3.7 cm (1.5 in) as well as a 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of forty-eight.
U-843 first sailed from Kiel on 7 October 1943, arriving at Trondheim, Norway, on the 12th. She commenced her first war patrol on 15 October, and headed out into the northern Atlantic. However, she had no successes, and finally arrived at Lorient, France, on 15 December after a voyage lasting 62 days.
The U-boat left Lorient on 19 February 1944, bound for the Indian Ocean. En route, on 8 April, she torpedoed and sank the unescorted 8,261 ton British merchant ship Nebraska, dispersed from Convoy OS-71, south-west of Ascension Island. Two crew members were lost, while the master, 55 crewmen, eight gunners, and two stowaways were rescued. Oskar Herwarts surfaced U-843 and offered assistance to the three lifeboats launched from the Nebraska. This included charts torn from a chart atlas and gave position and course to steer to Brazil. Two lifeboats made landfall close to Recife months later. A third boat was rescued by a British warship after several weeks.
An American B-24 bomber of US Navy Squadron VB-107 attacked the U-boat on 10 April, damaging its stern torpedo tubes. The U-boat abandoned its planned operations off Cape Town and continued into the Indian Ocean. U-843 arrived at the Japanese-controlled port of Batavia, Dutch East Indies, on 11 June after 114 days at sea. The U-boat then sailed to Singapore on 13–15 June, remaining there until 1 November, before returning to Batavia.
U-843 departed Batavia on 10 December 1944 with a cargo of zinc, On the night of 17 Dec., they were refueled by U-181.:220 They then sailed back across the Indian Ocean, around the Cape, and up through the Atlantic, arriving back in Bergen, Norway, on 3 April 1945.
Leaving Bergen on 6 April 1945, U-843 was sunk on the 9 April, in the Kattegat, west of Gothenburg, in position Coordinates: , by rockets from a British Mosquito fighter-bomber of No. 235 Squadron RAF. Of the U-boat's crew of 56, only 12 survived.
U-843 took part in five wolfpacks, namely.
- Körner (30 October – 2 November 1943)
- Tirpitz 1 (2–8 November 1943)
- Eisenhart 2 (9–15 November 1943)
- Schill 3 (18–22 November 1943)
- Weddigen (22 November – 7 December 1943)
Summary of raiding history
|Date||Ship Name||Nationality||Tonnage (GRT)||Fate|
|8 April 1944||Nebraska||United Kingdom||8,261||Sunk|
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXC/40 boat U-843". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-843". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
- Gröner 1991, p. 68.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-843 from 15 Oct 1943 to 15 Dec 1943". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-843 from 19 Feb 1944 to 11 Jun 1944". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Nebraska (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
- Bishop, C.
- Giese, O., 1994, Shooting the War, Annapolis: United States Naval Institute, ISBN 1557503079
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-843 from 10 Dec 1944 to 3 Apr 1945". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-843". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
- Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2.