gold (linker)

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Developer(s) Ian Lance Taylor
Written in C++
Operating system GNU
Platform x86, x86-64, ARM, PowerPC
Type Linker
License GNU General Public License version 3

In software engineering, gold is a linker for ELF files. It became an official GNU package[1] and was added to binutils in March, 2008[2][3] and first released in binutils version 2.19. Gold was developed by Ian Lance Taylor and a small team at Google.[4] The motivation for writing gold was to make a linker that is faster than the GNU linker,[4] especially for large applications coded in C++.

Unlike the GNU linker, gold doesn't use the BFD library to process object files. While this limits the object file formats it can process to ELF only, it is also claimed to result in a cleaner and faster implementation without an additional abstraction layer. The author cited complete removal of BFD as a reason to create a new linker from scratch rather than incrementally improve the GNU linker.[5]

To specify gold in a makefile, one sets the LD or LD environmental variable to To specify gold through a compiler option, one can use the option gcc's -fuse-ld=gold.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "gold README". 2013-02-06. Retrieved 2013-03-06. It is a GNU program, and therefore follows the GNU formatting standards[...] 
  2. ^ "binutils cvs repository". Retrieved 2013-03-06. 
  3. ^ Ian Lance Taylor (2008-03-21). "New ELF linker code added to GNU binutils". binutils mailing list. Retrieved 2013-03-06. 
  4. ^ a b Ian Lance Taylor (2008-04-04). "gold: Google Releases New and Improved GCC Linker". Google Open Source Blog. 
  5. ^ Ian Lance Taylor (2008). A New ELF Linker. GCC Developers' Summit 2008. pp. 129–136. Retrieved 2013-03-06. 

External links[edit]