Greenpeace Australia Pacific
|Method||Direct action, lobbying, research, innovation|
|David Ritter Chief Executive Officer|
Origins and formation
Greenpeace Australia had its roots in 1974 when Rolf Heimann skippered the 30-foot Tahiti ketch La Flor from Melbourne to Mururoa via New Zealand, to protest against French atmospheric nuclear testing, but arrived after the final nuclear test for the year.
The regional office emerged when an activist group, the Whale and Dolphin Coalition, invited Canadian Bob Hunter, Greenpeace co-founder and its first president, and his wife Bobbi, Greenpeace's first treasurer, to Australia in 1977.
Greenpeace's first direct action in Australia opened on 28 August 1977, at Albany, Western Australia against Australia's last whaling station. Over the next three weeks, activists used Zodiacs to place themselves between the harpoons of the three whale chaser ships and sperm whales up to 30 miles offshore.
In early 1998 Greenpeace Australia and Greenpeace Pacific teamed up to become Greenpeace Australia Pacific (GPAP). The organisation currently maintains an office in Sydney, but operates throughout Australia.
Campaigns and operational activities
Greenpeace uses tactics of non-violent direct action and 'bearing witness' to draw attention to what it considers significant threats to the environment, and then lobbies for solutions.
Greenpeace describes itself as 'the leading independent campaigning organisation that uses peaceful protest and creative communication to expose global environmental problems and promote solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future'.
The Australia Pacific division of the organisation has currently identified protecting forests and oceans, defending the Pacific Islands, ending the oil age, preserving the great barrier reef, creating a coal free future and conserving the Antarctic as its campaigning priorities.
The Great Australian Bight
In June 2017 Norwegian-based oil and gas explorer Statoil ASA became operator and 100% equity owner of two exploration permits of approximately 12,000 square kilometres in the Great Australian Bight. Greenpeace and members of the Great Australian Bight Alliance assert that the risk of a spill and presence of the industry in the region poses an unacceptable threat to the environment and livelihoods of local communities.
Campaign activities have centred around promoting South Australia's investments in renewable energy, raising awareness of the perceived risks and supporting grassroot opposition movements within the region.
As part of their objective to create a coal-free future and protect The Great Barrier Reef, GPAP joined the Stop Adani movement. The campaign aims to halt Adani Group's proposed Carmichael coal mega-mine project in the Galilee Basin, Queensland. The project includes plans to build 500 km of rail line and a new port terminal at Abbot Point.
The campaign has focused on preventing the Adani Group from accessing the funding or resources it needs to open the Carmichael mine, building public momentum and applying pressure on politicians to oppose the project.
In December 2016 GPAP published the report ‘Off Track: Why NAIF (Northern Australia Infrastructure Facility) can’t approve the Carmichael Rail Project’ which expressed concerns over NAIF independence and ability to approve a rail line loan while complying with organisational loan eligibility criteria. In late 2017, the Queensland government announced that it would veto any federal NAIF funding for a Galilee Basin rail line, effectively ending the prospect of NAIF subsidising Adani's rail proposal. In February 2018 rail company Aurizon withdrew its NAIF loan application. In July 2019, over 500 protestors gathered at the Brisbane Square with the aim to 'stop the city' demanding the state government to revoke the approval of the mine. The environmental approval for the mine came in June 2019.
The Commonwealth Bank Campaign
As part of its "creating a coal-free future" mission, GPAP ran a campaign against the Commonwealth Bank in March 2017.
The Commonwealth Bank funded more pollution from fossil fuel projects than any other Australian bank since the Paris Agreement was signed in 2015. GPAP's campaign aimed to get the Commonwealth Bank to stop financing new coal projects.
After putting a lot of pressure on the Commonwealth Bank through massive supporter mobilisations and actions around the country, the bank's chair Catherine Livingstone finally told shareholders in November 2017 that the Commonwealth Bank's exposure to coal would decline.
Prior to that, following immense public pressure, in August 2017, the Commonwealth Bank ruled out Adani's coal mine project in the Galilee Basin threatening the Great Barrier Reef.
Save The Great Barrier Reef
GPAP asserts Great Barrier Reef is under unprecedented threat from climate change. After the two severe coral bleaching in the Australian summer of 2016 and 2017, GPAP has strengthened its opposition to the expansion of the coal industry in Australia and advocated for a transition to renewable energy.
In 2011, after plans became publicly known, GPAP fronted efforts to expose the perceived risk that mining prospects in the Galilee Basin posed to reef health, and has campaigned on the issue since. Greenpeace's two reports - 'Boom goes the Reef' and 'Cooking the Climate, Killing the Reef' - publicly exposed the plans to open up the Galilee Basin to coal mining and analysed their consequences for the climate and the Great Barrier Reef.
In December 2017 GPAP collaborated with international artist Flume. A track set to a backdrop of image of bleached coral in the Great Barrier Reef was released.
- "Eulogy for Robert Hunter – 1941-2005 - Sea Shepherd Conservation Society". Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. Archived from the original on 15 February 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- Pash, Chris (2008). The Last Whale. Fremantle Press. ISBN 9781921361326.
- "About". Greenpeace Australia Pacific. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Environmental issues in Australia and the Pacific". Greenpeace. Greenpeace Australia Pacific. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Australia". Statoil. Stavanger, Norway. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Fight for the Bight". Great Australian Bight Alliance. Adelaide. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Six reasons to keep oil out of the Great Australian Bight". Greenpeace Australia Pacific. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Defend the Bight: All eyes on Statoil". Greenpeace. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Will you join the movement to Stop Adani?". act.greenpeace.org. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "Stop Adani". Stop Adani. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "Queensland Premier to exercise state veto on Adani, slams 'smear campaign'". ABC News. 3 November 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "Aurizon pulls pin on NAIF loan application for Galilee Basin rail line amid Adani doubts". ABC News. 9 February 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "Adani protesters pick peak hour in Brisbane to 'stop the city'". ABC News. 5 July 2019.
- "Adani gets final environmental approval for Carmichael mine". ABC News. 13 June 2019.
- "7 Things you Need to Know About Commbank's Decision to Move Away from Coal!". Greenpeace Australia Pacific. 17 November 2017.
- "2017 Commonwealth Bank Annual General Meeting: Chairman's address". Commonwealth Bank of Australia. 16 November 2017.
- Slezak, Michael (11 August 2017). "Carmichael coalmine: Commonwealth Bank indicates it will not lend to Adani". The Guardian.
- Cave, Damien; Gillis, Justin (15 March 2017). "Large Sections of Australia's Great Reef Are Now Dead, Scientists Find". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- FlumeAUS (17 December 2017), Flume X Greenpeace, retrieved 24 April 2018