Guindulman

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Guindulman
Municipality of Guindulman
Guindulman Town Hall
Guindulman Town Hall
Official seal of Guindulman
Seal
Map of Bohol with Guindulman highlighted
Map of Bohol with Guindulman highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Guindulman is located in Philippines
Guindulman
Guindulman
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°46′N 124°29′E / 9.77°N 124.48°E / 9.77; 124.48Coordinates: 9°46′N 124°29′E / 9.77°N 124.48°E / 9.77; 124.48
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
ProvinceBohol
District3rd District
Foundedaround 1622
Barangays19 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMaria Fe A. Piezas
 • Vice MayorMartin A. Lagura Jr.
 • CongressmanKristine Alexie B. Tutor
 • Electorate22,878 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total179.17 km2 (69.18 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total32,408
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
 • Households
9,786
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence30.01% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱90,149,420.54 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6310
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)38
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesBoholano dialect
Cebuano
Tagalog

Guindulman, officially the Municipality of Guindulman (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Guindulman; Tagalog: Bayan ng Guindulman), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,408 people. [3]

The town of Guindulman, Bohol celebrates its feast on the first Saturday of September, to honor the town patron Our Lady of Consolation.[5]

Etymology[edit]

In the olden days, names of certain places were sometimes ascribed to some usual or common incidents or occurrences as is the case with the town of Guindulman. The place was originally called Guinduluman, from a vernacular expression which means "something or somebody who is overtaken by darkness".[6]

There is no official record to show how the town really got its name. However, folklore has it that during the early part of the Spanish era in the Philippines, there were only two formally organized towns along the southeastern and eastern coastal borders of Bohol, namely, Jagna and Batuanan (now known as Alicia). Because of the distances, travelers starting from either of these towns in the early morning were sure to be overtaken by nightfall before reaching the next place; hence the name "guinduluman".[6]

Folklore further says that the early condition of the area itself had something to contribute to the appropriateness of the term because the center of the town was once surrounded and almost entirely shaded by a dense forest which also made the town dark even during daytime.[a] Travelers from other places passing through this thick forest could observe its surrounding darkness because the sunlight could hardly penetrate through the thick foliage, thus causing darkness in the area at any time of the day. Such actual condition of the particular place, therefore, gave added significance to the created name.

History[edit]

It is hard to fix a definite date when this town was established as official records were destroyed during the war. However, Francisca Libres Piezas cited in her compilation that the town of Guindulman was already established before the Tamblot Rebellion of 1622. So Guindulman may now be almost 400 years old.

During the Philippine revolution against the Spanish government, there was no fighting in town reported. The people were submissive to the Spanish authorities.

Guindulman was burned down during the Philippine–American War in 1898. Guerrilla warfare was already resorted to by the local insurgents known as "insurectos". A resistance movement was organized under the leadership of Colonel Pedro Samson whose headquarters was in Monte Verde in the upper part of the town. There was no battle fought in the poblacion of Guindulman, but a memorable encounter took place in the barrio of Cabantian wherein both sides suffer heavy casualties.

The historical incident happened when American troops passed by the barrio of Cabantian, the "insurectos" ambushed the troops by jumping from the hilltops and killing many American soldiers with their bolos. However, because of the superiority of American weapons, the insurgents likewise suffered several casualties. On account of such incident, the furious American patrols then burned the houses of the particular village including the rice stocks in the fields. Still dissatisfied, they shot cows and carabaos on sight.

During the Japanese occupation in 1944, another similar encounter occurred between the Japanese troops and members of the guerrilla unit which was organized by the Major Esteban Bernido, native of Guindulman who also became a representative of the 3rd Congressional district of Bohol, governor of the province, and finally occupied one of the important cabinet positions of the country. The memorable incident started with an ambush made by the guerrillas under Major Bernido right on the boundary of Guindulman and Duero in Cabantian. The Japanese suffered heavy casualties while the guerrilla unit escaped unharmed. As a reprisal, the Japanese burned the entire poblacion, leaving only the convent and the church which were occupied by their garrison.

After the burning of the entire Poblacion (town center), the displaced families residing in the area evacuated to the upper parts of the town from barangay Bulawan and Catungawan to Mayuga and boundaries of neighboring towns. Hearing the plight of the people and feeling responsible for the conflagration brought by the Japanese garrison to the locals, the guerrillas staged a mission with a goal to uplift the spirits of their own troops and the locals that support their cause. A squad of Guerillas went to retrieve a bust of the Town's patron Our Lady of Consolation in the Town's church under the shade of darkness and the shadows of huge trees that once occupied the area. They were spotted carrying the heavy sculpture going west from the church by Japanese garrison troops stationed at the nearby bell tower and fired upon. The Guerillas suffered injuries but were able to flee and successfully brought their objective back to their camp in the highlands. The Japanese troops gave no chase as they were not familiar with the terrain and the anticipation of a diversionary attack by the guerillas meant that leaving post would jeopardize the garrison defenses. Deeply religious, the mission meant a huge success to the locals and brought hope to the families that fled the Japanese occupation. A hope to which they would hold on to until the whole island of Bohol would then be liberated by American and Filipino forces in the summer of 1945.

Barangays[edit]

Guindulman comprises 19 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
071223001 Basdio 5.8% 1,887 1,883 0.04%
071223002 Bato 3.9% 1,262 1,263 −0.02%
071223003 Bayong 4.0% 1,300 1,352 −0.74%
071223004 Biabas 4.1% 1,314 1,491 −2.38%
071223005 Bulawan 3.1% 1,008 918 1.80%
071223006 Cabantian 4.8% 1,549 1,388 2.11%
071223007 Canhaway 9.5% 3,071 3,150 −0.48%
071223008 Cansiwang 2.6% 851 786 1.52%
071223009 Casbu 3.0% 960 929 0.63%
071223011 Catungawan Norte 3.0% 977 1,069 −1.70%
071223010 Catungawan Sur 6.5% 2,095 1,764 3.33%
071223013 Guinacot 5.6% 1,828 1,767 0.65%
071223014 Guio‑ang 8.8% 2,858 2,627 1.62%
071223016 Lombog 6.0% 1,956 2,050 −0.89%
071223017 Mayuga 7.6% 2,448 2,535 −0.66%
071223018 Sawang (Poblacion) 5.7% 1,837 1,869 −0.33%
071223019 Tabajan (Poblacion) 7.8% 2,530 2,437 0.72%
071223021 Tabunok 2.2% 711 747 −0.94%
071223022 Trinidad 6.1% 1,966 1,764 2.09%
Total 32,408 31,789 0.37%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Guindulman, Bohol
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 102
(4.0)
85
(3.3)
91
(3.6)
75
(3.0)
110
(4.3)
141
(5.6)
121
(4.8)
107
(4.2)
111
(4.4)
144
(5.7)
169
(6.7)
139
(5.5)
1,395
(55.1)
Average rainy days 18.6 14.8 16.5 16.7 23.9 26.4 25.6 24.1 24.4 26.3 23.7 20.5 261.5
Source: Meteoblue [8]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Guindulman
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 12,002—    
1918 22,017+4.13%
1939 23,855+0.38%
1948 27,220+1.48%
1960 28,352+0.34%
1970 29,972+0.56%
1975 31,820+1.21%
1980 32,918+0.68%
1990 37,400+1.28%
1995 40,015+1.27%
2000 40,714+0.37%
2007 43,331+0.86%
2010 31,789−10.66%
2015 32,408+0.37%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][9][10]

Notable people[edit]

  • Dr. Maria Fe A. Piezas, Mayor
  • Gina S. Kano, Fitness & Bodybuilding Professional
  • Fr. Narciso Hernandez, Augustinian Recollect Priest (1827)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Eskaya people

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the latitude of Guindulman, daylight is only 12h07 ± 35 minutes throughout the year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Guindulman | Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Bohol Festivals Timetable". "www.bohol-philippines.com". Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  6. ^ a b "Municipality of Guindulman". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Guindulman: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Bohol". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]