|Municipality of Anda|
Poblacion of Anda
Map of Bohol with Anda highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|Founded||March 12, 1875|
|Barangays||16 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Metodio "Dodong" L. Amper|
|• Vice Mayor||Nilo J. Bersabal|
|• Congressman||Kristine Alexie B. Tutor|
|• Electorate||13,313 voters (2019)|
|• Total||61.89 km2 (23.90 sq mi)|
(2015 census) 
|• Density||270/km2 (690/sq mi)|
|• Income class||5th municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||30.08% (2015)|
|• Revenue||₱66,438,086.12 (2016)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)38|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Native languages||Boholano dialect|
Anda, officially the Municipality of Anda (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Anda; Tagalog: Bayan ng Anda), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 16,462 people. 
In 2006, the Anda red hermatite print petroglyphs of Bohol were included in the tentative list of the Philippines for UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name of Petroglyphs and Petrographs of the Philippines, which also includes the Singnapan charcoal-drawn petrographs of southern Palawan, Angono Petroglyphs of Rizal province, Alab petroglyphs of Mountain province, and charcoal-drawn Penablanca petrographs of Cagayan.
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The decree on the separation of Quinale from Guindulman did not explain why the name "Anda" was chosen. It was presumed that the name referred to Governor General Simón de Anda y Salazar who was Governor General of the Philippines from 1769-1770. Simon de Anda was a member of the Royal Audiencia in the Philippines who did not surrender to the British in 1762. But considering a century gap between de Anda and the time of the town's creation and also taking into account the poor literacy of the populace at that time, the naming of the town after him may not be the case. A more acceptable reason from oral history, is that "Anda" is a reference to the land that moves forward, as in Spanish "el lugar anda" – the land walks or moves. This was a rough attempt to translate "Quinale" into Spanish. The word "quinale" or "gui kale", is a colloquial local term for a pile of sand dunes caused by the waves enhancing a new land mass. Hence, Anda, which means "it walks."
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The first inhabitants of the area were migrant Negritos, who were eventually replaced by Austronesians coming from Butuan. The new migrants established the red hematite petrographs in the Anda peninsula and would become a sacred site for ethnic communities. During the first half of the 16th century, the Sultanate of Ternate ransacked the area, along with the communities of western Bohol, specifically, the Kedatuan of Dapitan. When the Spanish arrived during the later half of the 16th century, the Anda communities were easily subjugated as they have already been ravaged by the Ternate people.
The municipality of Anda was formerly known as Quinale and was a barrio of the municipality of Guindulman from the early part of its civilization up to the later decades of the 19th century. At the onset, Quinale was basically uninhabited with plenty of uncultivated lands and its shores were swampy with many mangroves and hardwood trees.
Through the years the population of Quinale grew and the people sought independence from Guindulman. On 8 July 1856 they petitioned for independence and the petition was endorsed by the Assessor General of the government to the Governor General of the Philippines on 3 September 1856. Yet their petition was denied for the reason that they could not meet the required number of 500 tributes or taxpayers.
Undaunted, they again petitioned to become an independent town on 30 December 1872. The petition was addressed to the Provincial Governor of Bohol and endorsed by him to the "Consejo de Administracion de Filipinas (Council for Administration of the Philippines), the Father Provincial of the Recollects and the Archbishop of Manila".
The town has progressed at that time. Public buildings and their church were improved and roads created leading to Guindulman. But in spite of these developments, their petition was again denied on the grounds that their total taxpayers reached only 400.
Still persistent, Quinale again filed their petition on 27 March 1874 which was subsequently declined because of the same reason, lack of taxpayers. A few months later, on 23 September 1874, the people again made another petition but now used a different approach and reasoning.
They were denied for the same reasons yet they pointed out that births in the town of Quinale far exceeded the number of deaths but the people migrated to other places because of lack of supervision and opportunities. To answer this need, the officials wanted their barrio to be made into a town to have proper supervision and leadership. With these, the people would not leave and the number of taxpayers would surely reach 500.
Provincial politico-military governor Don Joaquin Bengoechea (June 1872 – 1878), was amenable to their line of reasoning and suggested that the people make a petition for separation of Quinale in the civil aspect only since the requirement of 500 taxpayers was for becoming a separate parish. So the 23 September 1874 petitioned for becoming a town in the civil aspect only.
More than six months passed before the Consejo de Administration finally recommended that Quinale be separated in its civil aspect only. Delay was due to the religious authorities' reluctance to approve it.
Finally on 12 March 1875, the governor general Don Jose de Malcampo y Monje issued the decree creating the new town of Anda and its being separated from the town of Guindulman in civil aspect only, consonant with the desire of the religious authorities. Confirmed by the archbishop of Manila, the order of the separation was published on 1 April 1875.
With this approval, the local officials of the new town of Anda and the mother town of Guindulman gathered to discuss and determine the boundaries of the two towns on 3 May 1875. With the decree, the people were still given the opportunity to till their lands wherever they may be located, in Anda or Guindulman.
As the new town now being established with its defined boundaries, a practical concern of the local officials arose: they had no knowledge of running the local government. Hence they requested an educated person from the mother town of Guindulman to assist the local officials run the local government. That person was Pablo Juliano Castro an illegitimate son of a Spanish priest in Guindulman who had had a privileged education in Manila. He was given a prime lot in the center of the town, near the proposed Municipal Hall and the proposed school building. Pablo Castro not only acted as advisor of the local administration but also acted as the first Justice of Peace and Anda's first school teacher. He served some time later also as the town's "Capitan Municipal" or town's chief executive at the turn of the century.
Subsequent years saw Anda's growth in terms of population. People did not migrate any more and eventually the number of taxpayers increased until they qualified to be a separate town in the religious aspect. On 18 July 1885, Anda became an independent parish from Guindulman and become a diocesan parish on 19 March 1885, dedicated to the Santo Niño or the Holy Child. Royal approval was given on 6 January 1885 and finally implemented on 18 July 1885 with Fr. Julian Cisnero as the first Parish Priest.
The line of Spanish priests serving the parish of Anda was not broken from 1885 up to 1937, even after the end of the Spanish regime and through the American era. At the end of the Spanish regime, many Spanish priests fled but not Fr. Hilario Lopez. Even after the American era, priests from the Order of the Augustinian Recollect continued to serve the people until 1937. The last Spanish priest was Fr. Luis Llorente.
Anda comprises 16 barangays:
|2015 ||2010 |
|Climate data for Anda, Bohol|
|Average high °C (°F)||28
|Average low °C (°F)||23
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||102
|Average rainy days||18.6||14.8||16.5||16.7||23.9||26.4||25.6||24.1||24.4||26.3||23.7||20.5||261.5|
|Source: Meteoblue |
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
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During the Spanish period the town chief executive was called "Capitan Municipal", then some time during the American regime, the title was changed to "Presidente Municipal". It was only during wartime time that the town chief executive was called a "Municipal Mayor".
In the earliest time, the town chief executive was chosen by drawing of lots among prominent persons of the town, those considered to have ample land properties and adequate education. The sequence or order of tenure of the early town executives could not easily be determined. It was only during the American regime that regular elections were held every three years, and then later reduced to four years. For a short period from 1986 to 1988, right after the EDSA Revolution, there were no elections for mayor but only officer-in-charge to act as mayor ad interim.
List of chief executives of Anda
Capitan Municipal (from 1885 to 1919):
- Silverio Escobido
- Gabriel Escobido
- Perfecto Paguia
- Benedicto Amper
- Pablo Castro
- Esteban Escobido
- Esteban Escobal
- Lucio Felisarta
- Ramon Escobia
- Victor Paguia
- Hipolito Paguia
- Cipriano Bernido
- Eulogio Dagondon
- Valentin Timaan
- Bernabe Amper
Presidente Municipal (from 1919 to 1934):
- Victor Felicita 1919–1921
- Diosdado Paguia 1922–1925
- Victor Felicita 1926–1931
- Alfonso Castillo 1931–1934
- Diosdado Paguia 1934–1937
Municipal Mayor (from 1938 up to the present):
- Alfonso Castillo 1938–1940
- Vicente de los Angeles 1941–1945
- Aquilino Deligero 1945–1955
- Alfonso Castillo 1956–1959
- Simeon Escobia 1960–1963
- Teodulfo Amora 1964–1971
- Concordia Makinano 1972–1980
- Teodulfo Amora 1980–1986
- Gaudioso Amora 1986–Nov 1987[i] Mar
- Edilberto Llido Dec 1987[i] 1–14
- Aquilino Deligero Dec 1987–6 Feb 1988[i] 15
- Paulino Amper Feb 1988–May 1996 7
- Angelina Simacio May 1996–May 2000
- Paulino Amper May 2000 – 2010
- Angelina Simacio May 2010–May 2013
- Metodio Amper May 2013–present
- Mayor ad interim
- Municipality of Anda | Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
- "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "Petroglyphs and Petrographs of the Philippines". whc.unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Anda: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Bohol". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Anda.|