Haram, Norway

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Haram kommune
View of Lepsøy
View of Lepsøy
Coat of arms of Haram kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Haram kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Haram within Møre og Romsdal
Haram within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°34′03″N 06°22′20″E / 62.56750°N 6.37222°E / 62.56750; 6.37222Coordinates: 62°34′03″N 06°22′20″E / 62.56750°N 6.37222°E / 62.56750; 6.37222
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreBrattvåg
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Vebjørn Krogsæter (Sp)
Area
 • Total261.14 km2 (100.83 sq mi)
 • Land254.30 km2 (98.19 sq mi)
 • Water6.84 km2 (2.64 sq mi)  2.6%
Area rank294 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total9,345
 • Rank122 in Norway
 • Density36.7/km2 (95/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
8.4%
Demonym(s)Harams-mann
Harams-kvinne
Haramsøying[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1534
Official language formNynorsk
Websiteharam.kommune.no

Haram is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative center is Brattvåg, the industrial center of Sunnmøre. Other important villages in the municipality include Austnes, Eidsvik, Helle, Longva, Hildrestranda, Søvik, Tennfjord, and Vatne.

Brattvåg IL is a sports club based in the municipality. Tennfjord Mannskor is a male choir from the village of Tennfjord. The Ulla Lighthouse and Hellevik Lighthouse are both located in the northwestern part of the municipality.

The 261-square-kilometre (101 sq mi) municipality is the 294th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Haram is the 122nd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 9,345. The municipality's population density is 36.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (95/sq mi) and its population has increased by 8.4% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information[edit]

View of the village of Søvik

The parish of Haram was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). The western island district of Roald was separated from Haram on 1 January 1890 to form the new municipality of Roald. This left 1,956 people left in Haram.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, three municipal changes involving Haram occurred:

  • The part of Haram Municipality on the island of Harøya, including the Myklebost area and the smaller surrounding islands to the west of there (population: 287), was separated from Haram Municipality and merged into the neighboring Sandøy Municipality to the northeast.
  • Most of Vatne Municipality (population: 2,260) to the southeast of Haram Municipality was merged into Haram Municipality.
  • The Søvik area in Borgund Municipality (population: 1,191) to the south of Haram Municipality were merged into Haram.

These three boundary changes created a much larger municipality of Haram.[4]

In June 2017, the Parliament of Norway voted to merge Haram Municipality with the neighboring municipalities of Skodje, Ørskog, Sandøy, and Ålesund to form a new, large municipality of Ålesund.[5]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Haram farm (Old Norse: Harhamarr), since the first Haram Church was built there. The meaning of the first element is unknown and the last element is hamarr which means "rocky hill". Before 1889, the name was written Harham.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 7 August 1987. The arms show three waves in blue with a silver or white background, symbolizing the importance of the sea in this island municipality.[7]

Dialect[edit]

The dialect of the district was well known for its practice of H-dropping and the old and traditional pronunciation of the name of the municipality was [a:ram].

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has five parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Haram. It is part of the Nordre Sunnmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Haram
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Haram Haram Church Austnes 1838
Lepsøy Chapel Lepsøya 1896
Fjørtoft Fjørtoft Church Fjørtofta 1878
Vatne Vatne Church Vatne 1868
Hamnsund Hamnsund Church just south of Søvik 1875
Brattvåg Brattvåg Church Brattvåg 1977
Hildre Church Hildrestranda 1905

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Haram includes many islands including Bjørnøya, Fjørtofta, Haramsøya, Løvsøya, Skuløya, and Terøya. The islands of Bjørnøya and Terøya are connected to the mainland via causeways. The islands of Haramsøya and Skuløya are connected with the Ullasund Bridge. The rest of the islands have ferry connections to the mainland. The new Nordøyvegen bridge and tunnel network will connect all of the main islands of Haram to the mainland when it is completed in 2022. The Haramsfjorden, Vatnefjorden, and Romsdal Fjord all flow through the municipality.

The municipality shares land borders with Vestnes Municipality to the east and Skodje Municipality to the south. The rest of the municipality is surrounded by sea. The municipality also borders (by sea) Sandøy Municipality and Midsund Municipality to the northeast, Ålesund Municipality to the south, and Giske Municipality to the west.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Haram, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Sunnmøre District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Haram is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[9]

Haram Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet5
 Progress PartyFramstegspartiet6
 Conservative PartyHøgre5
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti3
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet Dei Grøne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet6
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
Total number of members:27

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Om nye Ålesund: Bakgrunn" (in Norwegian). Nye Ålesund kommune. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 206.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  9. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External links[edit]