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A small howz in a mosque in Tehran shaped in the traditional form of two squares, one rotated 45 degrees.

In traditional Persian architecture, a howz (Persian: حوض‎) is a centrally positioned symmetrical axis pool. If in a traditional house or private courtyard, it is used for bathing, aesthetics or both.[1] If in a sahn of a mosque, it is used for performing ablutions. A howz is usually around 30 centimetres (12 in) deep. It may be used as a "theatre" for people to sit on all sides of the pool while others entertain.[2]

Howz is a feature of the Persian gardens.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mohammad R. Ghanoonparvar (2001). Translating the Garden. University of Texas Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-292-72835-6.
  2. ^ Anthony Frost; Ralph Yarrow (30 August 2007). Improvisation in Drama. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-137-07593-2.