Eram Garden

Coordinates: 29°38′09″N 52°31′31″E / 29.63583°N 52.52528°E / 29.63583; 52.52528
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Bagh-e Eram
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationShiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Part ofThe Persian Garden
Inscription2011 (35th Session)
Area12.7 ha (1,370,000 sq ft)
Buffer zone70.5 ha (7,590,000 sq ft)
Coordinates29°38′09″N 52°31′31″E / 29.63583°N 52.52528°E / 29.63583; 52.52528
Eram Garden is located in Iran
Eram Garden
Location of Eram Garden in Iran

Eram Garden (Persian: باغ ارم, Bāgh-e Eram) is a historic Persian garden in Shiraz, Iran. The garden, and the building within it, are located at the northern shore of the Khoshk River in the Fars province.


The origins of the garden may go back to the 12th century, during the Seljuk period, when a garden later called Bagh-e Shah probably existed on this site up to the 18th century.[1][2] This may have influenced the overall layout to the present day.[1]

The current gardens were planted in the 19th century and its pavilions were built at this time.[2] The garden was established in 1824[3][4] by Muhammad Qoli Khan Ilkhani, the chief of the Qashqa'i tribe.[3][1] At this time, it included a three-story residential pavilion with a front porch supported by two columns.[3] The estate was later sold to Nasir al-Molk,[3] who commissioned the architect Muhammad Hasan (the same architect who worked on the Nasir al-Molk Mosque) to rebuild the pavilion in its current form between 1875 and 1897.[3][5]

Today, Eram Garden is part of the Shiraz Botanical Garden[2] of Shiraz University. It is open to the public as a historic landscape garden. They are a World Heritage Site and protected by Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Hobhouse, Penelope (2004). The Gardens of Persia. Kales Press. pp. 126–129. ISBN 978-0-9670076-6-3.
  2. ^ a b c Don, Monty; Moore, Derry (2018). "Bagh-e Eram". Paradise Gardens: the world's most beautiful Islamic gardens. John Murray Press. ISBN 978-1-4736-6650-4.
  3. ^ a b c d e Grigor, Talinn (2021). The Persian Revival: The Imperialism of the Copy in Iranian and Parsi Architecture. Penn State Press. pp. 175–176. ISBN 978-0-271-08968-3.
  4. ^ Ruggles, D. Fairchild (2008). Islamic Gardens and Landscapes. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 191. ISBN 9780812207286.
  5. ^ Curatola, Giovanni; Scarcia, Gianroberto (2007) [2004]. The Art and Architecture of Persia. Translated by Shore, Marguerite. Abbeville Press. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-7892-0920-7.

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