Hungarian parliamentary election, 1985

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Hungarian parliamentary election, 1985

← 1980 8 June 1985 1990 →

All 387 seats in the National Assembly
194 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 94.02%

  First party Second party
  János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg No image.svg
Leader János Kádár
Party MSZMP Independents
Alliance Patriotic People's Front Patriotic People's Front
Leader since 25 October 1956
Seats won 288 98
Seat change Increase36 Decrease2
Coat of arms of Hungary.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Hungary
Foreign relations

Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 8 June 1985.[1] The Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party was the only party to contest the elections, and won 288 of the 387 seats, with 98 of the remaining 99 going to independents selected by the party, whilst one seat remained unfilled until the following year.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The electoral system was modified for the 1985 elections. In addition to the 352 single member constituencies used in previous elections, a further 35 members of Parliament were elected via a national list.[3] Voters who were away from home on election day could only vote on the national list, which had around 160,000 extra voters compared to the single member constituencies.[3]

In the single member constituencies there had to be at least two candidates. This was achieved in all seats except Keszthely, where one candidate withdrew their nomination. A by-election was held for the seat in the spring of 1986.[2]

Results[edit]

Party SMCs National list Seats +/–
Votes % Votes %
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party 6,636,685 98.8 7,145,601 99.1 288 +36
Independents 98 –2
Vacant 1
Against 79,702 1.2 64,894 0,9
Invalid/blank votes 386,759 55,420
Total 7,103,146 100 7,256,915 100 387 +35
Registered voters/turnout 7,586,480 93.9 7,728,208 94.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, IPU Parline database,[4] Other[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p932
  3. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p923
  4. ^ Parline database of the Interparliamentary Union: HUNGARY_1985_E.PDF
  5. ^ A választási eredmények 1945–1990