Indians in Brunei

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Indians in Brunei
Total population
2.3% of the Bruneian population (2012)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Bandar Seri Begawan and Kuala Belait
Tamil · Malay · English · Punjabi
Majority Islam
Minority Hinduism · Christianity · Sikhism
Related ethnic groups
Indian Indonesians · Malaysian Indian · Indian Singaporeans

Indians in Brunei consist of permanent settlers from India to Brunei as well as expatriate professionals that have recently come to the country. According to the Government of India, there are 10,000 Indians living and working in the country.[2]


Indians in Brunei have had a notable presence in the country since the colonial days, however there are records from the Europeans who visited the region that there were people from the Indian Subcontinent already living there prior to European colonisation.[3] According to United Nations statistics, the Indian population was counted in the Brunei census since the year of 1947. In 1971, Indians made up 1.6% of the population.[4]


The number of Indian nationals working in Brunei had increased since 2009.[5] There are many Indian doctors and engineers working in Brunei and there are others working in the education sector, both at school and university or college level as professors and teachers as well as research personnel.

Other areas where Indians are employed include IT, oil and gas and mercantile.[6]

Ethnicity and Religion[edit]

Ethnic Tamils form the majority group of Indians in Brunei. The Indian community of Brunei consists of Muslims, Hindus, Christians and Sikhs. Islam is the dominant religion amongst the Indian community however Hinduism also forms a significant portion of the belief systems amongst the Indians.[7] Brunei's 50-year-old Hindu Welfare Board functions as a Hindu religious organisation with approximately 3000 members and there are two small Hindu temples in the country.[8] The Sikh community consists of 500 people.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Indian Diaspora in Brunei" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-13. Retrieved 2014-08-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Sandhu, K. S.; Mani, A. (1993-01-01). Indian Communities in Southeast Asia (First Reprint 2006). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 9789812304186.
  4. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Retrieved 2016-03-27.
  5. ^ "India sees prospects for work in Brunei's education sector Archived 2012-01-02 at the Wayback Machine", The Brunei Times, 12 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Indian community celebrates Tamil New Year Archived 2010-04-22 at the Wayback Machine", brunei fm!, 21 April 2010.
  7. ^ Orr, Tamra (2009-01-01). Brunei. Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 9780761431213.
  8. ^ "Religious Life and Institutions in Brunei", ISIM Newsletter, 27 September 2010.

External links[edit]