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Jannat al-Mu'alla (2011)
Jannat al-Mu'alla (Arabic: جنة المعلى, translit. Jannat al-Mu‘allā, lit. 'Garden of the Mu'alla'), also known as the Cemetery of Ma'la (Arabic: مقبرة المعلاة, translit. Maqbarat al-Ma‘lāh) and Al-Hajun, is a cemetery to the north of the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the place where Muhammad's wife, grandfather, and other ancestors are buried.
Tombs in this cemetery were demolished in 1925, the same year that the Jannat al-Baqi' cemetery in Medina was demolished by Saudi King, Ibn Saud. This happened despite protests by the international Islamic community. Some Shiites continue to mourn the day the House of Saud demolished shrines in al-Baqi, which has been named yaum e gham or "Day of Sorrow". Shiites continue to protest the Saudi government's demolition of these shrines.
Famous historical figures buried here include:
- Abu Talib ibn Abdul-Muttalib, uncle of Muhammad and father of Ali
- Abd Manaf, great-great-grandfather of Muhammad
- Abdul Mutallib, grandfather of Muhammad
- Khadija, first wife of Muhammad and mother of their progeny
- Abu Turab al-Zahiri, 20th-century Muslim cleric
- Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki, 20th-century Sunni Muslim cleric
- Jannat al-Baqi'
- Bab Saghir
- Holiest sites in Sunni Islam
- Holiest sites in Shia Islam
- Holiest sites in Sufi Islam
- Tütüncü, Mehmet (2015). "The Uppsala Mecca Painting: A New Source for the Cultural Topography and Historiography for Mecca". In Buitelaar, Marjo; Mols, Luitgard. Hajj: Global Interactions through Pilgrimage. Leiden: Sidestone Press. pp. 137–163. ISBN 978-90-8890-285-7.
- "History of JANNAT AL-MAULLA". Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "History of the cemetery of Jannat al-Baqi". Retrieved 26 August 2015.