Jannat al-Mu'alla

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Jannat al-Mu'alla
Jannat-ul-Maualla at present.JPG
Jannat al-Mu'alla (2011)
Details
Established Pre-Islamic
Location Mecca
Country Saudi Arabia
Type Muslim
Owned by State

Jannat al-Mu'alla (Arabic: جنة المعلى‎, translit. Jannat al-Mu‘allā, lit. 'Garden of the Mu'alla'‎), also known as the Cemetery of Ma'la[1] (Arabic: مقبرة المعلاة‎, translit. Maqbarat al-Ma‘lāh‎) and Al-Hajun, is a cemetery to the north of the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the place where Muhammad's wife, grandfather, and other ancestors are buried.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Jannatul Mualla before 1925, during the Ottoman period.

Many of Muhammad's relatives were buried in this cemetery before his Hegira in 622.[citation needed] Many domes and structures have been built or rebuilt over famous graves over the years.[2]

Khadija's tomb at Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery, before its destruction in 1925

Tombs in this cemetery were demolished in 1925, the same year that the Jannat al-Baqi' cemetery in Medina was demolished by Saudi King, Ibn Saud. This happened despite protests by the international Islamic community.[3] Some Shiites continue to mourn the day the House of Saud demolished shrines in al-Baqi, which has been named yaum e gham or "Day of Sorrow". Shiites continue to protest the Saudi government's demolition of these shrines.

Notable interments[edit]

Famous historical figures buried here include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tütüncü, Mehmet (2015). "The Uppsala Mecca Painting: A New Source for the Cultural Topography and Historiography for Mecca". In Buitelaar, Marjo; Mols, Luitgard. Hajj: Global Interactions through Pilgrimage. Leiden: Sidestone Press. pp. 137–163. ISBN 978-90-8890-285-7. 
  2. ^ "History of JANNAT AL-MAULLA". Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "History of the cemetery of Jannat al-Baqi". Retrieved 26 August 2015. 

Coordinates: 21°26′13″N 39°49′45″E / 21.43694°N 39.82917°E / 21.43694; 39.82917