The Johor Port (Malay: Pelabuhan Johor) is a port located at Pasir Gudang, Johor, Malaysia. Built by the Johor Port Authority and run by Johor Port Berhad in 1977, it is the first port in Johor and is designed as a multi-purpose port that caters to practically all types of cargo. It is the first port in Malaysia to be located within a free trade zone. Johor Port's warehouses are exempted from customs duties. Duty is only payable when the cargo is released from the warehouse area for local consumption.
In January 1993, Johor Port Sdn Bhd, a fully government-owned company, took over all port facilities and services from Johor Port Authority which was established in 1973. The port was fully privatised in August 1995 to Seaport Terminal (Johor) Sdn. Bhd. which became the holding company of Johor Port Berhad. Johor Port Berhad is wholly owned by MMC Corp Bhd.
Facilities and services
With 5,500 ground slots and an annual capacity of 1,000,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU), the terminal's equipment and facilities include:
- 6 gantry cranes, 5 of which are Post-Panamax;
- 19 rubber-tyred transfer cranes;
- 4 reach stackers;
- 46 prime movers;
- Dedicated rail depot connected to nationwide rail network, Singapore and Thailand;
- 70,000 sq. metres of warehouse space for containerised cargo.
Since its inception, Johor Port has been handling liquid bulk cargo, and provides facilities for two different types of liquid bulk cargo:
- Edible oils, primarily for palm and soya bean oils: The port's network of pipes allows liquid bulk cargo to be conveyed directly to tank farms, significantly increasing the efficiency of loading and unloading operations.
- Hazardous cargo, primarily for petroleum products.
Johor Port's bulk and break bulk (general cargo) facilities include berths with an overall length of almost 2.4 km, with nearly 200,000 sq. metres of storage facilities. The berth offers 13.8 metres natural depth, easily accommodating dry bulk carriers up to 60,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT). Its gantry crane and the Impsamade level-stuffing crane can handle 800 tons per hour. The other two quay-side cranes are capable of handling 400 tonnes per hour. Johor Port's terminal has 72,000 tonnes of covered storage space for edible cargo, and 87,000 tonnes of covered space for non-edible products. Its conveyor systems are supported by rail-mounted quay cranes that allows berthed ships to be connected directly to its user warehouses. Supporting the port's extensive warehousing facilities are transit sheds and open storage areas that offers customers a choice in logistics options.
In 1995, Malaysia's exports to Brunei totalled B$210 million, but only B$38 million was shipped directly to Brunei. To tap this business opportunity, Johor Port has expanded its facilities to improve direct shipping services with Muara Port in Brunei. The improvements in shipping services save Brunei's shippers valuable time, as Kuching Port in Sarawak and Singapore Port are bypassed.
In 2008, the breakdown of Johor Port's activities are as follows :
- Liquid bulk: 40%
- Dry bulk: 14%
- General cargo (breakbulk): 8%
- Container: 38%
Johor Port Berhad has formed two logistics subsidiaries as an extension of its own service.
JP Logistics Sdn Bhd
JP Logistics (JPL) was established in 1996 as a wholly owned subsidiary, designed to handle not only the port's internal haulage and storage needs, but also to provide logistics services across the country and into neighboring Singapore and other regional ports. It also has operations in the Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP), thus bridging the logistics gap between them. JPL is also expanding its external logistics operations to cover the whole nation. Besides the normal FCL ("Full Container Load") movements, JP Logistics also handles LCL ("less than container load") movements to various overseas destinations.
Bernas Logistics Sdn Bhd
Bernas Logistics (BLSB) is the logistics arm of Bernas, the national rice distributor. Johor Port Berhad holds a majority stake in this logistics support company, and utilises BLSB's resources to supplement the activities of JP Logistics Sdn Bhd.
- Johor Port Official Website
- Johor Port Authority Official Website
- The Malaysian Maritime Cyber Hub