Joseph Pearce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Joseph Pearce
Joespeh Pearce microphone.jpg
Joseph Pearce in 2007
Born 1961 (age 56–57)
East London, England
Occupation Biographer
Website
staustinreview.org

Joseph Pearce (born February 12, 1961, Barking, London[1]) is an English-born writer, and as of 2014 Director of the Center for Faith and Culture[2] at Aquinas College in Nashville, Tennessee. Previously he had comparable positions, from 2012–2014 at Thomas More College of Liberal Arts in Merrimack, New Hampshire, from 2001–2004 at Ave Maria College in Ypsilanti, Michigan and from 2004–2012 at Ave Maria University in Ave Maria, Florida.

He is known for a number of literary biographies, many of Catholic figures. Formerly aligned with the National Front, a white nationalist political party, he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1989, repudiated his earlier views, and now writes from a Catholic perspective. He is a co-editor of the St. Austin Review and editor-in-chief of Sapientia Press. He also teaches Shakespearian literature for Homeschool Connections, an online Catholic curriculum provider.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Pearce was born in Barking, London, and brought up in Haverhill, Suffolk.[3]

In August 1973, when Joseph was twelve years old, his family moved back to Barking.[4]

National Front[edit]

At the age of fifteen, Joseph Pearce joined the National Front (NF), an Alt-Right political party opposed to a multi-racial and multi-cultural United Kingdom. He was closely involved in NF organisational activities and first came to prominence in 1977 when, at the age of sixteen, he set up Bulldog, the paper of the organisation. Bulldog became associated with some of the most virulent NF propaganda. In 1980, Pearce became editor of Nationalism Today, in which he argued vehemently in favour of racial preservation, producing a pamphlet entitled Fight for Freedom! on this theme in 1982. Due to the white supremacist nature of his articles, Pearce was twice prosecuted under the Race Relations Act of 1976,[5] and served prison time in 1982 and 1985–1986.[6]

A close associate of Nick Griffin, they were both attacked by Martin Webster for devoting too much time to writing for the Third Position magazine Rising and not enough to their NF duties.[7] As a result, he joined Griffin in resigning from the NF in November 1983 before circulating a statement in which they complained about Webster's role in the party. The statement claimed that Pearce and Griffin were leaving to avoid a Webster-led witch hunt and it had the effect of ensuring the removal of Webster from his post as National Activities Organiser.[8]

Returning to the NF, Pearce became editor of Nationalism Today which supported the Political Soldier line within the NF. In this position he argued vehemently in favour of racial preservation, producing a pamphlet entitled Fight for Freedom! on this theme in 1984.[9] Initially an enthusiastic supporter of the Political Soldier tendency, Pearce adopted their support for ethnopluralism and on this basis contacted the Iranian Embassy in London in 1984 to try to secure funding for the NF, although it came to nothing.[10] However, as time went on Pearce, who came from a working-class background and so was much more popular with NF skinheads than the rest of the university-educated Political Soldiers, became disillusioned with the lack of electoral activity and moved towards Andrew Brons. Before long Pearce became a full member of the Flag Group and was expelled along with the rest of that group by the Official National Front in 1986.

Pearce became a leading member of the new group and sought to extend their activities. A regular writer and editor for Flag Group publications, he contributed to the group's ideology, notably arguing in favour of distributism in a 1987 edition of party magazine Vanguard.[11] Earlier in his career, Pearce had even contacted John Tyndall to suggest the possibility of an alliance with the British National Party. The idea was considered by Tyndall but was ultimately rejected on the advice of Ray Hill and Charles Parker.[12] Between 1980 and 1985, Pearce had close ties to Italian neo-fascist leader Roberto Fiore, who was on the run from charges relating to the 1980 Bologna train station bombing.[13]

As the Flag Group ran out of momentum, Pearce largely faded from the scene and took no role in the NF that emerged in 1990 under Ian Anderson. He attributes his subsequent religious conversion, from a culturally-Protestant agnosticism, to reading G. K. Chesterton, of whom he wrote a much-praised biography. He now repudiates his earlier views, saying that his racism stemmed from hatred, and that his conversion to Christian belief completely changed his outlook.[14]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Pearce was also a member of the Orange Order and, between 1978–1985, a frequent visitor to Northern Ireland. During his visits, he established close and friendly relationships with the Ulster Defence Association leader Andy Tyrie, Ulster Freedom Fighters leader John McMichael[15] and Ulster Volunteer Force member George Seawright.[16][17] Despite his sympathy for the Loyalists, Pearce rebuffed all attempts to recruit him into the violent aspect of the Troubles. He has written, "For all my extremism, I had no desire to kill anybody, or to have someone kill anybody for me."[18] Pearce has also written, "In spite of my own unwillingness to become too directly involved in the terrorist operations in Northern Ireland, I was very aware, as were the leaders of the UVF and UDA, that National Front members serving with the Army in Northern Ireland were smuggling intelligence information on suspected IRA members to the Loyalist paramilitaries. This information included photographs of suspected IRA members, the type of car they drove and its registration number, and other useful facts. I have little doubt that this information was used by the UVF and UDA to target and assassinate their enemies."[19]

In 1979, Pearce was invited to a debate about immigration on BBC Radio 1 alongside a member of the Anti-Nazi League and Stiff Little Fingers frontman Jake Burns. Pearce has written that he remembers little of the debate, "beyond the obvious vituperative exchanges between me and the equally acrimonious young person who represented the Anti-Nazi League."[20] After the broadcast, Pearce was astonished when Burns invited him to share a pint at a local pub. During their drink, Burns, who was known for, "seeking peace in Northern Ireland while I was preaching total war," attempted to gently persuade Pearce to reconsider his opinions. Pearce has called this encounter with Burns as one of many, "lights of clarity that led the way out of the darkness."[20]

Religious conversion[edit]

Pearce's conversion to Catholicism was influenced by the writer G. K. Chesterton

Pearce attributes his religious conversion in 1989 from a culturally-Protestant agnosticism to Roman Catholicism in part to reading G. K. Chesterton, whose biography he later wrote. He now repudiates his former views, saying that his racism stemmed from hatred, and that his conversion has completely changed his outlook.[5]

Biographer[edit]

As a Catholic author, he has focused mainly on the work of Catholic English writers, such as J. R. R. Tolkien, G. K. Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc. His book Literary Converts, published in 1999, captures this interest and showcases the process of conversion of many writers who became convinced Catholics.[21] Pearce has also promoted the social doctrine of the Church, in particular Distributism as a Catholic economic system. His main contribution in this area has been his book Small is Still Beautiful, which takes up the theme proposed earlier by E. F. Schumacher in his book Small is Beautiful.[22]

Joseph Pearce has described his visit to the Russian Federation and meetings with Alexander Solzhenitsyn as "one of the greatest moments of my life. I am also gratified to know that the great Russian writer approved of my biography of him."[23]

He has also written a biography of Anglo-African poet and Catholic convert Roy Campbell, whose nationalist sympathies during the Spanish Civil War have caused him to be left out of poetry anthologies.

For his biography of Oscar Wilde, Pearce chose to focus on the Irish playwright's deeply rooted shame over his homosexuality, his lifelong attraction to Roman Catholicism, and his ultimate deathbed conversion to the Catholic Faith. Pearce's biography has caused some Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender activists to cease using Wilde as an iconic figure.

Works[edit]

Publications[edit]

Television[edit]

Joseph Pearce is the host of the EWTN television series The Quest for Shakespeare based on his book The Quest for Shakespeare: The Bard of Avon and the Church of Rome. The show concentrates on the evidence that Shakespeare was a Catholic and consists of thirteen episodes.[24] Also on EWTN, Pearce was the host for a special hour-long program broadcast Dec. 14, 2014, titled "Tolkien: Elves, Hobbits, and Men ". Pearce emphasized some elements of "The Lord of the Rings" which in his opinion are based on Tolkien's strong Catholicism. For example, he draws a parallel between Boromir's death scene and the sacrament of penance. The program broadcast again Dec. 16, 2014.

Personal life[edit]

Joseph Pearce married Susannah Brown in a Roman Catholic ceremony in Steubenville, Ohio in April, 2000.[25]

They have two children; Leo Pearce (born 2002),[26] and Evangeline Marie Pearce (born 2008).[27]

He is a supporter of Chelsea F.C.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Pearce (2013), Race with the Devil, page 10.
  2. ^ http://www.aquinascollege.edu/joseph-pearce-director-faith-culture-writer-residence/
  3. ^ Pearce (2013), pages 35-37.
  4. ^ Pearce (2013), pages 37-48.
  5. ^ a b Joseph Pearce, "Race with the Devil" Archived 7 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Searchlight, December 1984.
  7. ^ N. Copsey, Contemporary British Fascism: The British National Party and the Quest for Legitimacy, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, p. 34
  8. ^ Searchlight magazine, January 1984
  9. ^ M. Durham, 'Women and the National Front', L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan (eds.), Neo-Fascism in Europe, London: Longman, 1991, pp. 265-6
  10. ^ Ray Hill with Andrew Bell, The Other Face of Terror, London: Grafton, 1988, p. 254
  11. ^ G. Gable, 'The Far Right in the United Kingdom', L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan (eds.), Neo-Fascism in Europe, London: Longman, 1991, p. 262
  12. ^ R. Hill with A. Bell, The Other Face of Terror, London: Grafton, 1988, pp. 173-4
  13. ^ Pearce (2013), pages 113–116.
  14. ^ J. Pearce, Race with the Devil Archived 7 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Pearce (2013), pages 108–109.
  16. ^ Pearce (2013), pages 112–113.
  17. ^ Searchlight magazine, February 1986.
  18. ^ Pearce (2013), page 112.
  19. ^ Pearce (2013), page 111.
  20. ^ a b Pearce (2013), pages 140–141.
  21. ^ Kate Duffern, Review of Literary Converts. Catholic Insight, 1 May 2001.
  22. ^ Small is Still Beautiful
  23. ^ Pearce (2013), page 226.
  24. ^ The Quest for Shakespeare. EWTN website, Accessed 5 May 2009.
  25. ^ Pearce (2013), Race with the Devil, pages 226-228.
  26. ^ Pearce (2013), page 231.
  27. ^ Pearce (2013), page 234.

External links[edit]