The Book of Lost Tales
Volume 1, illustrated by John Howe
|Author||J. R. R. Tolkien|
|Publisher||George Allen & Unwin (UK)|
|28 October 1983 (Vol. 1)
16 August 1984 (Vol. 2)
|Media type||Print (hardback)|
|Pages||297 pp (Vol. 1, first edition)
400 pp (Vol. 2, first edition)
|ISBN||0-395-35439-0 (Vol. 1)
ISBN 0-395-36614-3 (Vol. 2)
|The History of Middle-earth|
The Book of Lost Tales is a collection of early stories by J. R. R. Tolkien, published as the first two volumes of Christopher Tolkien's 12-volume series The History of Middle-earth, in which he presents and analyzes the manuscripts of those stories, which were the earliest form of the complex fictional myths that would eventually comprise The Silmarillion. Each of the Tales is followed by notes and a detailed commentary by Christopher Tolkien.
For publication the book was split into two volumes: The Book of Lost Tales 1 (1983) and The Book of Lost Tales 2 (1984), but this is simply an editorial division. Both volumes are separated into several "Lost Tales".
Though they cover a broadly similar history, the Tales are very different from The Silmarillion. Firstly the Tales are more complex and detailed, written in an archaic style and include many obsolete words and phrases. Secondly, the interaction between the different elf-races is profoundly different from the Silmarillion: The exiled Noldoli (or "Gnomes", the Noldor of the later histories) suffer decisive defeat much earlier and become slaves of the enemy they had sought to punish. When Thingol feels disdain for Beren, it is because the latter is a gnome (not a mortal human) and therefore a thrall of Melkor.
While many of the names in the book are identical or close to those in the later versions, some of them bear almost no resemblance to their final forms. J. R. R. Tolkien changed names rather frequently, sometimes with several new variants (rejected in turn) written in a single manuscript. Confusingly, sometimes the name applied to one thing is later used to refer to a different thing, the original use abandoned. As an example, the house of Elves called "Teleri" in The Book of Lost Tales is not the same as that in The Silmarillion (see Teleri). The original usage of "Teleri" would eventually change until the name became "Vanyar". Meanwhile, the house of Elves called "Solosimpi" would inherit the name "Teleri".
The framework for the book is that a mortal Man visits the Isle of Tol Eressëa where the Elves live. In the earlier versions of the "Lost Tales" this man is named Eriol, of some vague north European origin, but in later versions he becomes Ælfwine, an Englishman of the Middle-ages.
There are more changes visible within the book, and it is not internally consistent, partially because even while still writing it Tolkien began rewriting earlier parts as his ideas about the world changed. The Tales were eventually abandoned, but they were resurrected in part as the "Sketch of the Mythology" which would become the Silmarillion.
There is an inscription in the Fëanorian characters (Tengwar, an alphabet Tolkien has devised for High-Elves) in the first pages of every History of Middle-earth volume, written by Christopher Tolkien and describing the contents of the book. The inscription in Book I reads: "This is the first part of the Book of the Lost Tales of Elfinesse which Eriol the Mariner learned from the Elves of Tol Eressëa, the Lonely Isle in the western ocean, and afterwards wrote in the Golden Book of Tavrobel. Herein are told the Tales of Valinor, from the Music of the Ainur to the Exile of the Noldoli and the Hiding of Valinor.".
The inscription in Book II reads: "This is the second part of the Book of the Lost Tales of Elfinesse which Eriol the Mariner learned from the Elves of Tol Eressëa, the Lonely Isle in the western ocean, and afterwards wrote in the Golden Book of Tavrobel. Herein are told the Tales of Beren and Tinúviel, of the Fall of Gondolin and the Necklace of the Dwarves."
Contents of Book 1
- "The Cottage of Lost Play" — the "framework" story
- "The Music of the Ainur" — the first version of what would become the Ainulindalë
- "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor" — later Valaquenta and first chapters of Quenta Silmarillion
- "The Chaining of Melko" — Melko is an earlier name of Melkor
- "The Coming of the Elves and the Making of Kôr" — Kôr is the later Tirion and its hill Túna
- "The Theft of Melko and the Darkening of Valinor"
- "The Flight of the Noldoli" — "Noldoli" are the Elves later called Noldor
- "The Tale of the Sun and Moon"
- "The Hiding of Valinor"
- "Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind"
Contents of Book 2
- "The Tale of Tinúviel" — first version of the tale of Beren and Lúthien
- "Turambar and the Foalókë" — first version of the Túrin saga
- "The Fall of Gondolin" — the only full narrative of the Fall of Gondolin
- "The Nauglafring" — a story which was "lost", in that it never was rewritten in full, and was mostly left out of the later Silmarillion.
- "The Tale of Eärendel" — the only full narrative of Eärendil's travels
- "The History of Eriol or Ælfwine and the End of the Tales" — an essay about the changes in the framework, and the "unwritten" tales.