Jules Schelvis

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Jules Schelvis
Jules Schelvis in 2006
Born(1921-01-07)7 January 1921
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died3 April 2016(2016-04-03) (aged 95)
Amstelveen, Netherlands
OccupationHistorian, author, Nazi hunter
Rachel Borzykowski
(m. 1940; died 1943)

Jules Schelvis (7 January 1921 – 3 April 2016) was a Dutch historian, writer, printer, Holocaust survivor, and Nazi hunter. He was the sole survivor of the 3,005 passengers on the 14th transport from Westerbork to Sobibor Extermination Camp. His wife and most of his family were among those murdered. Schelvis was a plaintiff and expert witness during the trials of Karl Frenzel, John Demjanjuk, among other Holocaust perpetrators.[1][2] He is the founder of Stichting Sobibor as well as the author of several memoirs and historical studies about Sobibor.[3]

Schelvis was rounded up in Amsterdam along with his family on 26 May 1943 during the occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany.[1] He was deported to Westerbork and after 6 days boarded the Holocaust train to Sobibor. The journey lasted for 4 days. At the ramp, Schelvis was separated from his family and selected to join the work unit sent to Lublin Reservation labour camp in Dorohucza to build latifundia of Generalplan Ost. The Poles and Dutchmen, covered in lice, received one litre of soup per day, and sometimes dog meat. From there he was sent to the Radom Ghetto, to work in the weapons factory, where he witnessed the ghetto liquidation action on 8 November 1943. He was sent on a death march to Tomaszów Mazowiecki. From there he eventually reached Vaihingen near Stuttgart, where he was liberated by the French army on 8 April 1945.[1]

Notable works[edit]

  • Sobibor : a history of a Nazi death camp (Original Dutch title: Vernietigingskamp Sobibor), 1993, Amsterdam: Bataafsche Leeuw. ISBN 978 90 6707 629 6
  • Binnen de poorten, 1995, Amsterdam: Bataafsche Leeuw. ISBN 978 90 6707 369 1
  • Sobibor. Transportlijsten, 2001, Amsterdam: Bataafsche Leeuw. ISBN 90 6707 516 7


  1. ^ a b c Sobiborinterviews.nl. "Jules Schelvis (Amsterdam, 7 January 1921 – 3 April 2016, Amstelveen)". Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD). Dutch Jews who survived Sobibor.
  2. ^ Associated Press (4 April 2016). "Sobibor death camp survivor Jules Schelvis dies at 95". Obituary in the New York Times. Associated Newspapers Ltd. Archived from the original on April 4, 2016 – via Internet Archive.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  3. ^ https://www.sobibor.org/en/stichting-sobibor/