|Satellite of KHNL and KGMB, Honolulu|
|Channels||Digital: 22 (UHF)|
Hawaii News Now (newscasts)
|Owner||Gray Television |
(Gray Television Licensee, LLC)
First air date
|August 22, 1983|
Former call signs
KHBC-TV (1986–April 2020)
KFVE (April–November 2020)
Former channel number(s)
2 (VHF, 1983–2008)
Call sign meaning
|Prior station that used this call sign broadcast on channel 6|
|HAAT||−170 m (−558 ft)|
Public license information
KSIX-TV, virtual channel 13 (UHF digital channel 22), is a dual NBC/CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Hilo, Hawaii, United States and serving the Big Island of Hawaii. It is a full-time satellite of Honolulu-licensed NBC affiliate KHNL (channel 13) and CBS affiliate KGMB (channel 5) which are owned by Gray Television. KSIX-TV's transmitter is located atop the Hilo Hawaiian Hotel; its parent stations share studios on Waiakamilo Road in downtown Honolulu.
On August 31, 1981, Oceanic Broadcasting Company applied for a construction permit to build a new TV station on channel 2 in Hilo. The application was approved on February 22, 1982. However, the Henry family—including former Honolulu and longtime Los Angeles anchorman Chuck Henry and his brother Terry—did not get the station up and running for 18 months, and the Buck family of Los Angeles took a major ownership stake. KOHA-TV finally hit Hilo screens on August 22, 1983. Channel 2 was an independent station, based at the Hilo Hawaiian Hotel. KOHA-TV brought the Big Island its first local TV newscast, airing at 6:30 each night. Some of its programming came from the major networks, particularly ABC; it carried Nightline and was the only Hawaii station to broadcast ABC's Monday Night Baseball.
Within six months of signing on air, however, KOHA-TV had discarded its local news programming; the last edition aired on February 10, 1984. The station cited financial difficulties for dropping the local newscast and cut back its total staff to three employees at the same time. Even though the station had expanded its broadcast day in August, KOHA-TV entered bankruptcy. In February 1985, channel 2 went dark; in December, the station was sold to Oklahoma accountant Marvin S. Chupack. Chupack's $142,000 offer beat out competing bids from James A. Chase and from the Kingdom Corporation of Hilo, which hoped to use the TV station as the cornerstone of a Christian planned community in Puna.
Upon acquiring KOHA-TV, Chupack announced his intention to change the call letters to KHBC-TV, which had previously been used on the first TV station in Hilo, which is now KGMD-TV. Channel 2 returned to air on April 14, 1986, airing syndicated fare. The first major local production on the new KHBC-TV was BingoMania, a local bingo show, which debuted on June 2. Channel 2 also produced coverage of election returns and specials on teen pregnancy and Christmas.
After having revived channel 2, Chupack sold KHBC-TV in 1987 to Clio Enterprises, owners of KKON and KOAS radio as well as the Clio Awards. KHBC-TV continued as an independent station, though it revamped its lineup with Filipino programming, a slate of original shows and a full local news service, including local news at 6 a.m., 5 and 10 p.m. and a morning show Good Morning Hawaii. By 1988, KHBC-TV's local programming output had reached 40 hours per week.
In March 1988, workers at the station filed a petition to unionize under the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) with the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). The IBEW then filed a complaint with the NLRB in May, saying that the recent layoffs of seven station employees were connected to the unionization drive and that owner Bill Evans had threatened to shutter KHBC-TV if workers voted to join a union; Evans said the layoffs were justified by the operating losses of channel 2, running into tens of thousands of dollars per month, and compared the unionization push to "socialism" and "Gestapoism". No winner was named in the May 17 vote because nearly half the ballots were challenged.
The continuing financial troubles of KHBC-TV, however, finally became too much for Evans. On June 30, 1988, he announced that channel 2 would cease operations that day, stating that he was losing $57,000 a month running the business. Evans agreed to a settlement with the NLRB in early August in order to prevent issues at his radio stations; IBEW supported the move, although the new owners were not expected to continue making programs. KHBC-TV was sold to the King Broadcasting Company, the Seattle-based owners of Honolulu's KHNL, which at the time did not have over-the-air coverage on the Big Island.
KFVE and KSIX-TV
On April 1, 2020, the station changed its call letters to KFVE. After Gray bought the Telemundo station on channel 6 at Kailua-Kona, it switched call letters with that station and became KSIX-TV on November 13.
KFVE and KOGG, the other full-power KHNL satellite which was built in 1989, broadcast three subchannels. In 2009, upon Raycom Media entering into a shared services agreement that resulted in the original KGMB license becoming the new KFVE (now KHII-TV) and its repeaters being assigned to that station, the new KGMB CBS feed migrated from KGMD-TV to a subchannel of KHBC.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|13.1||720p||16:9||KHNL-HD||Simulcast of KHNL / NBC|
|13.2||480i||4:3||K5||Simulcast of KHNL-DT2 / "K5" (Independent)|
|13.3||720p||16:9||KGMB||Simulcast of KGMB / CBS|
- Tetreault, Steve (August 15, 1982). "Henrys try to launch Hilo TV station". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. p. 3. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KOHA to go on air on Aug. 22". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. August 12, 1983. p. 10. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "Big Island television station finally begins broadcasting". Honolulu Advertiser. August 23, 1983. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KOHA may drop local newscasts". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. February 12, 1984. p. 1. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KOHA TV cancels local news program". Honolulu Advertiser. February 14, 1984. p. A-9. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KOHA takes on new look". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. August 1, 1984. p. 37. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "Chupack top bidder for KOHA-TV". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. December 4, 1985. p. 1. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- FCC History Cards for KGMD-TV
- "Hilo TV station starts tomorrow". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. April 13, 1986. p. 12. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KHBC to play $25,000 Bingo". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. June 1, 1986. p. 3. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "Election returns on KHBC-TV 2". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. November 3, 1986. p. 8. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KHBC to air 'Big Island Christmas'". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. December 7, 1986. p. 12. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KHBC-TV station is sold". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. March 17, 1987. p. 6. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "Filipino shows set by KHBC-TV". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. April 12, 1987. p. 19. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KHBC reports its fall lineup". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. September 6, 1987. pp. 31, 36. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "Union vote sought". Honolulu Advertiser. March 23, 1988. p. B-5. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- Harada-Stone, Dave (May 6, 1988). "KHBC TV under investigation by NLRB". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. p. 8. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "KHBC: Settlement Reached in Union Battle". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. August 16, 1988. p. 1,6. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
- "KHBC union vote inconclusive". Honolulu Advertiser. May 19, 1988. p. A-18. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "Hilo's KHBC-TV says it's sign-off time". Honolulu Advertiser. July 1, 1988. p. A-28. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- Wiles, Greg (August 16, 1988). "KHBC-TV 2 in tentative NLRB accord". Honolulu Advertiser. p. A-3. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- "Public Notice". Hawaii Tribune-Herald. August 28, 1988. p. 28. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- "Call Sign History". licensing.fcc.gov. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
- RabbitEars TV Query for KSIX
- HawaiiNewsNow.com – KGMB/KHNL-TV official website
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KSIX-TV