|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|Branding||Fox 12 Oregon (general)
Fox 12 News (newscasts)
|Slogan||First. Live. Local.|
|Channels||Digital: 12 (VHF)
Virtual: 12 (PSIP)
12.2 Cozi TV
|Affiliations||Fox (since 2002; also from 1986–1988)|
(KPTV-KPDX Broadcasting Corporation)
|First air date||September 20, 1952|
|Call letters' meaning||Portland TeleVision|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
27 (UHF, 1952–1957)
12 (VHF, 1957–2009)
30 (UHF, 2000–2009)
Independent (1964–1986 and 1988–1995)
|Transmitter power||24.5 kW|
|Public license information:||Profile
KPTV, channel 12, is the Fox-affiliated television station for Portland, Oregon. The station is owned by Meredith Corporation, as part of a duopoly with MyNetworkTV affiliate KPDX (channel 49). The two stations share studios on NW Greenbrier Parkway in Beaverton, while its transmitter is located in the Sylvan-Highlands section of Portland. Master control operations for both KPTV and KPDX are located at Meredith's West Coast hub facility at the studios of Phoenix, Arizona sister station KPHO-TV.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operation
- 5 Repeater stations
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
KPTV signed on the air on September 20, 1952, as Oregon's first television station. KPTV originally broadcast on channel 27, making it also the nation's first commercial television station to broadcast on the UHF band. (the first experimental UHF station was Bridgeport, Connecticut's KC2XAK on channel 24). The station was originally owned by Empire Coil. As Portland's only television station at the time, it carried programming from all four networks of the time: ABC, CBS, NBC and the DuMont Television Network. CBS programming was dropped from KPTV's schedule when Portland's first VHF station, KOIN (channel 6), signed on the air on October 15, 1953. KPTV then became a primary NBC affiliate, and also continued to air some ABC and DuMont programming.
KPTV also aired programs from the short-lived Paramount Television Network during the early 1950s; in fact, it was one of that network's strongest affiliates, carrying Paramount programs such as Time For Beany, Hollywood Wrestling, and Bandstand Revue. During the late 1950s, the station was also briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network. Empire Coil sold KPTV and its other broadcast property, WXEL (now WJW-TV) in Cleveland, to Storer Broadcasting on November 17, 1954. On August 11, 1954, KPTV became the first television station in Portland to broadcast in color, three days before KOIN achieved the same milestone.
The VHF channel 12 allocation in Portland was first occupied by KLOR-TV, which signed on March 8, 1955, as a primary ABC affiliate with a secondary DuMont affiliation. However, KLOR's network affiliations were short-lived. In 1956, KLOR lost its affiliations with both networks as the DuMont Television Network ceased operations, and the ABC affiliation moved to KGW-TV (channel 8) when that station signed on the air in December. On April 17, 1957, Detroit businessman George Haggerty purchased KPTV from Storer and KLOR from its local owners. On May 1, the two stations merged under KPTV's license, but using the stronger channel 12 signal (channel 27 was later used by independent station KHTV, which was on the air for less than four months in 1959; more recently, the channel 27 frequency was used by the digital signal of PBS member station KOPB-TV, which returned to its original channel 10 assignment following the analog shutdown).
On April 17, 1959, KPTV swapped affiliations with KGW and became an ABC affiliate. Later that year, KPTV was sold to the NAFI Corporation, which then purchased Chris-Craft Boats in early 1960 and changed its name to Chris-Craft Industries. Color broadcasting by KPTV ended when NBC changed affiliations to KGW, in 1959, but returned in 1962, when ABC began color broadcasting.
KPTV can boast being the home of the two top children's TV hosts in Portland's history: Rusty Nails, a sweet-natured clown who was the rough inspiration for The Simpsons creator Matt Groening's Krusty the Klown; and "Ramblin' Rod" Anders. While Rusty Nails ran Three Stooges shorts, Ramblin' Rod ran Popeye cartoons. Ramblin' Rod was the longest-running kid's show in Portland TV history, airing from 1964 to 1997. Other KPTV children's hosts included longtime KPTV personality Gene Brendler who played "Bent Nails" (Rusty's "brother"), and George Ross, who played "Dr. Zoom." Bob Adkins, better known as "Addie Bobkins," brought his show to KPTV from Eugene's KVAL-TV in 1961. "Addie Bobkins" featured a wise-cracking beatnik hand puppet named "Weird Beard." Both Ross and Adkins ran a variety of cartoons to entertain the kids.
First stint as an independent station
On March 1, 1964, KPTV lost its ABC affiliation to independent station KATU (channel 2), which had debuted in March 1962. KPTV sued ABC and KATU's then-owner Fisher Broadcasting for breach of contract; the proceeds from the settlement went to rebuild KPTV into a color-capable station, and to purchase a color mobile unit. KPTV soon became known as one of the top independent stations in the western United States. By the late 1960s, it was a regional superstation carried on every cable system in Oregon, as well as a number of cable systems in parts of Washington and Idaho.
In 1967, Portland Wrestling returned to KPTV after a 12-year absence. Frank Bonnema, news reporter and afternoon movie host, served as the voice of Portland Wrestling until shortly before his death on October 5, 1982. KPTV had originated telecasts of professional wrestling in 1953, with commentator Bob Abernathy, but lost the franchise to rival KOIN two years later. KPTV regained the franchise in 1967, and aired the wrestling matches until December 1991. Later wrestling commentators were KISN radio DJ Don Coss and former wrestlers Dutch Savage and Stan Stasiak. Portland Wrestling 's chief promoters were Don Owen, and later, former wrestler-referee Sandy Barr. Primary long-time sponsors for the show were Chevrolet dealers Ron Tonkin of Portland and Friendly of Lake Oswego, and the celebrated ever-smiling furniture dealer Tom Peterson. Peterson was also the top sponsor for KPTV's late night movies.
In 1970, KPTV became the first television station in the market to broadcast Portland Trail Blazers basketball games, with sports director Jimmy Jones serving as the team's first play-by-play television announcer; KPTV maintained the broadcast rights to Blazers games until the end of the 1977–78 season. In 1977, Chris-Craft placed its self-named television subsidiary underneath a holding company called BHC, Inc.
First Fox affiliation, then back to independence
In October 1986, channel 12 became one of the original charter affiliates of the newly launched Fox network. However, KPTV did not remain a Fox affiliate for very long. By 1988, KPTV was one of several Fox affiliates nationwide (as was the case with its Minneapolis sister station, KMSP-TV) that were disappointed with the network's weak programming offerings. The station subsequently disaffiliated from the network that year and reverted to being an independent station. The Fox affiliation shifted to KPDX (channel 49), which first signed on the air in 1983. In 1993, KPTV, along with Chris-Craft's other independent stations, began carrying programming from the Prime Time Entertainment Network, a programming service that Chris-Craft had owned in conjunction with Warner Bros. Entertainment.
By the early 1990s, Fox gradually rose in popularity as it began to carry stronger programming than had aired during KPTV's previous stint with the network, with many shows that were starting to rival the program offerings of the "Big Three" networks. In response to this, in late 1994, Chris-Craft/United Television partnered with Paramount Pictures/Viacom to form the United Paramount Network (UPN) and both companies made independent stations that they respectively owned in several large and mid-sized U.S. cities charter stations of the new network. UPN launched on January 16, 1995, with channel 12 becoming a UPN owned-and-operated station – the first such O&O station in the Portland market – as a result of Chris-Craft/United's ownership stake in the network. KPTV would eventually be stripped of its UPN O&O status in 2000, after Viacom exercised a contractual clause to buy out Chris-Craft's stake in the network, although the station remained with UPN as an affiliate for another two years.
Return to Fox
On August 12, 2000, Chris-Craft sold its UPN stations (spinning off two other stations that were not affiliated with that network in the process) to the Fox Television Stations subsidiary of News Corporation for $5.5 billion; the deal was finalized on July 31, 2001. However, instead of keeping the station, Fox traded KPTV to the Meredith Corporation, owner of KPDX, in exchange for WOFL in Orlando and its Gainesville semi-satellite WOGX in a deal which was finalized on June 17, 2002. The KPTV purchase gave Meredith the first television station duopoly in the Portland market.
Meredith then decided to swap the market's Fox and UPN affiliations; on September 2, 2002, Fox programming moved to the higher-rated KPTV – returning the network to channel 12 after a 14-year absence – while KPDX joined UPN. As part of the switch, KPTV dropped its longtime moniker of "Oregon's 12" in favor of branding itself as "Fox 12 Oregon." Although KPTV is the senior partner in the duopoly, the merged operation was based at KPDX's larger facility in suburban Beaverton rather than KPTV's longtime home in East Portland. KPTV also absorbed KPDX's news department, resulting in the cancellation of KPDX's 10 p.m. newscast (KPDX now airs a weeknight 8 p.m. newscast that is produced by KPTV). The Fox affiliation switch coincided with a realignment of the National Football League that brought the market's most popular NFL team, the Seattle Seahawks, into the NFC West conference. As a result, KPTV became an unofficial secondary station for the Seahawks, airing most of that team's games through the Fox network's rights to air games from the NFL's National Football Conference.
On October 27, 2012, KPTV revived Portland Wrestling after a 21-year absence from the station and renamed the program Portland Wrestling Uncut. The program had been brought back on the air with the help of Rowdy Roddy Piper; Don Coss has also returned to announce the matches along with special guests. The wrestling matches are taped at the KPTV's Beaverton studios. Two months later on December 29, Portland Wrestling Uncut moved to KPTV's sister station KPDX, retaining the Saturday night timeslot that the program held when it was revived on KPTV.
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|12.1||720p||16:9||KPTV-DT||Main KPTV programming / Fox|
|12.3||4:3||Laff Coming fall 2015|
KPTV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 12, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 30 to VHF channel 12.
When KPTV vacated its digital signal from UHF channel 30, sister station KPDX immediately switched its signal to that transmitter. Viewers watching KPTV's digital signal saw a cut from the opening of that day's episode of The 700 Club to the cold open of an episode of Law & Order: Criminal Intent (KPDX turned off its analog transmitter at 9:30 a.m.).
KPTV clears most of Fox's programming schedule (nightly primetime, Saturday late night, and Fox Sports programming, along with the political talk show Fox News Sunday) – however it preempts the network's Saturday morning educational programming block, Xploration Station, which instead airs on KPDX. Much like the stations that were affected by the Fox/New World affiliation switches of 1994, KPTV chose not to air Fox's children's programming (4Kids TV; formerly Fox Kids) after the 2002 affiliation switch to Fox; the lineup remained on KPDX until 4Kids TV was discontinued by Fox (due to a dispute between the network and the block's lessee 4Kids Entertainment) in December 2008. Syndicated programming seen on KPTV includes Family Feud, The King of Queens, Judge Judy, TMZ on TV, Better, Everybody Loves Raymond, Burn Notice and Access Hollywood.
The institution of Perry Mason at noon
In 1966, KPTV began airing syndicated reruns of Perry Mason on weekday evenings. In 1970, KPTV shifted Perry Mason to a new time, weekdays at 12 noon – the start of a longtime Portland television tradition, as the program would air in that timeslot each weekday until 2012 (save for a 10-month period from 1974 to 1975, when it aired at 12:30 p.m.). By the late 2000s, KPTV audience research indicated that one out of every 11 people in the Portland market who were watching television at 12 p.m. weekdays were tuned in to Perry Mason on channel 12. The noon tradition was so solid that when Meredith Corporation named Patrick McCreery as KPTV's general manager in August 2008, McCreery was granted the power to make any local programming move he saw fit with one exception – that he could not drop Perry Mason from the schedule or move it off the 12 p.m. timeslot.
The tradition ended however in August 2012 as Perry Mason ended its 46-year run on KPTV, and moved to sister station KPDX on September 4 in an earlier 8 a.m. timeslot (Rachael Ray replaced Mason in the 12 noon timeslot on KPTV); the program's relocation from the noon slot – and displacement from KPTV – was cited as the result of decreased viewership of Perry Mason in recent years on channel 12 and programming shifts in daytime television towards more first-run syndicated talk and court programs. Because KPTV and KPDX held the broadcast rights to Perry Mason in the Portland market, KATU did not air the program on its Me-TV subchannel (that network holds broadcast rights to the program nationally), replacing it with other programs carried by that network.
By September 2014, Perry Mason had left KPDX and was replaced with variable programming, ending the longtime Portland tradition. Accordingly, KATU's Me-TV subchannel now airs the program in pattern with the national schedule.
KPTV presently broadcasts 47 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with eight hours on weekdays, four hours on Saturdays and three hours on Sundays); in regards to the number of hours devoted to news programming, it is the highest local newscast output of any television station in the state of Oregon. In addition, the station produces a half-hour sports wrap-up show called Oregon Sports Final that airs on Sundays at 11 p.m. KPTV is also one of the few Fox affiliates that produces newscasts for another television station in the same market, as it produces seven hours of local newscasts each week for sister station KPDX (consisting of an hour-long primetime newscast at 8 p.m.).
Throughout its entire history, as a network affiliate and as an independent station, KPTV has always operated a local news department. Future Oregon governor Tom McCall, a longtime journalist before entering politics, joined KPTV in 1955 as a newscaster and political commentator. McCall left KPTV in late 1956 for KGW-TV, where he was a member of the original news team for seven years before leaving to run for Oregon's secretary of state. The station's long-running primetime newscast, known as The 10 O'Clock News, debuted in 1970. KPTV was also one of the first television stations in the country to run a mid-afternoon newscast, as the station aired a 3 p.m. news bulletin (known as Coffee Break News) from 1974 to 1978. Since then (especially after switching to Fox), KPTV has begun to go head-to-head with competitors KGW, KATU and KOIN by taking on a more news-intensive format, which took years to take effect.
The station launched its morning news program, Good Day Oregon, in 1996 as a three-hour weekday broadcast. The program has since been extended, and currently runs from 4:30 to 9 a.m.; KPTV was one of a growing number stations in the country with a morning newscast beginning before 5 a.m. until April 19, 2010, when the 4:30-5 a.m. portion of Good Day Oregon was cut, the 4:30 half-hour of the program was restored in 2012. KPTV is also one of the few local stations and one of a handful of Fox stations to offer a three-hour newscast on Saturday and Sunday mornings.
On June 5, 2007, KPTV became the second Portland television station to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in 16:9 widescreen standard definition. One year later on March 4, 2008, the station expanded its newscast schedule to include a weekday 4 p.m. newscast (which was cancelled in 2011), as well as a weekday 8 p.m. newscast on KPDX, with MyNetworkTV programming on KPDX being shifted one hour to 9 to 11 p.m. as a result. The station expanded its 5 p.m. newscast (which had been airing only on Sundays, except when Fox sports programming was scheduled to preempt it) to seven nights a week, now airing on weeknights after its existing 4 p.m. program on September 8, 2008 (the program was eventually reduced to weekdays only by 2012). On April 19, 2010, KPTV began producing a fifth hour of Good Day Oregon for KPDX called More Good Day Oregon, running from 9-10 a.m.; the show features various entertainment and lifestyles topics from a seasoned panel of experts; this extension of the program was cancelled in 2012. In 2011, KPTV began broadcasting an hour-long newscast at 6 p.m. on weeknights. On August 26, 2013, KPTV became the last television station in the Portland market to begin broadcasting its newscasts in high-definition.
In March 2014, KEVU in Eugene started airing some of KPTV's broadcasts. It airs the 8 a.m. hour of "Good Day Oregon" tape-delayed at 9 a.m. on weekdays and the 7:30 half-hour, LIVE on weekends. It airs the first half-hour of "The 5 O'Clock News", tape-delayed at 5:30 p.m. on weekdays and the first half-hour of "The 10 O'Clock News", tape-delayed at 11 p.m. every night.
Notable current on-air staff
- Shauna Parsons – anchor
Notable former on-air staff
- Lars Larson – news anchor & reporter (1985–1998) and Northwest Reports host/producer; now on Talk Radio
- Tom McCall – political commentator (and former Oregon governor)
KPTV, like all other Portland stations, has low-power repeater stations throughout Oregon and Washington. Some of the repeaters are owned by KPTV, while others are owned by local translator districts.
By FCC mandate, low-power stations on UHF channels 52 to 69 were required to vacate those channel frequencies by December 31, 2011.
- Prime Time Entertainment Network - Chris-Craft's stations carried PTEN programing from 1993–1995
- Nelson, Bob (June 2, 2009). "Call Letter Origins" 238. The Broadcast Archive. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- The Oregonian; Date: 09-20-1952; Page: 10.
- "TV Film Purchases". Billboard: 16. October 18, 1952.
- "The Nation's Top Television Programs". Billboard: 10. July 30, 1955.
- "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films". Boxoffice: 13. November 10, 1956.[dead link]
- Murphy, Francis (August 12, 1954). "Behind The Mike". The Oregonian. Section 3, p. 2.
Portland's first color telecast was sent out by KPTV from 7-7:35 a.m. Wednesday ....
- Murphy, Francis (August 16, 1954). "Behind The Mike". The Oregonian. Section 3, p. 2.
Sky was blue and apples were red on Portland's few color TV sets Saturday when KOIN-TV sent out [its] first color telecast ....
- Murphy, Francis (May 12, 1962). "Behind The Mike". The Oregonian. Section 2, p. 3.
KPTV starts telecasting in color next fall .... Channel 12 will be using color for [the] first time since NBC-TV net moved to KGW-TV.
- "BHC Communications, Inc. Companies History". Company Histories. Funding Universe. 1997. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
- Buck, Jerry (May 20, 1978). "John Jakes' 'The Bastard' is latest effort from Operation Prime Time". Eugene Register-Guard. AP. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
- Susan, King (January 23, 1994). "Space, 2258, in the Year 1994". Los Angeles Times. p. 4. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
- Whiteside, Lee (April 6, 1995). "B5: Babylon 5 TV Station List/Times updated!". rec.arts.sf.tv. Google Groups. Retrieved November 27, 2006.
- Viacom wins UPN so let the digestion begin, Media Life Magazine, March 2000.
- Viacom to buy half of UPN: is investing $160 million in fledgling network, Broadcasting & Cable, December 9, 1996. Retrieved October 2, 2013 from HighBeam Research.
- Hofmeister, Sallie (August 12, 2000). "News Corp. to Buy Chris-Craft Parent for $5.5 Billion, Outbidding Viacom". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- Portland Wrestling Uncut at KPTV
- RabbitEars TV Query for KPTV
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- "Portland TV stations backtrack, delay digital transition". The Oregonian. February 6, 2009.
- CDBS Print
- Tom Hallman Jr., "Like rain or the MAX, 'Perry Mason' a part of Portland", The Oregonian, February 28, 2009.
- Fox 12 Webstaff, "After 46 years on KPTV, Perry Mason making the move to KPDX", Fox 12 News Website, August 27, 2012
- "'Perry Mason' move: KPTV general manager says, 'I've agonized over this,'" from The Oregonian, 8/27/2012
- KPTV Timeline
- Schulberg, Pete (October 22, 1998). "Radio wave-maker Larson is signing-off as a channel 12 anchor". The Oregonian. p. C1.
- FCC Sets Deadlines for LPTV, TV Translator and Class A Stations To Convert to Digital - And Gives Hints When Television Spectrum May Be Reclaimed for Broadband Broadcast Law Blog July 19, 2011
- KPTV.com - Official website
- Yesterday's KPTV - A look back at KPTV's history
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KPTV
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KPTV-TV