Kagamine Rin/Len

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Kagamine Rin & Kagamine Len
Kagamine Rin Len logo.svg
Kagamine Rin/Len V4X and English bundle (2015)
Kagamine Rin/Len V4X and English bundle (2015)
Original author(s)Yamaha
Developer(s)Crypton Future Media
Initial releaseDecember 27, 2007; 12 years ago (2007-12-27)
Stable release
V4X / December 24, 2015; 4 years ago (2015-12-24)
Operating systemWindows
Available inEnglish, Japanese
TypeVocal Synthesizer Application
LicenseCommercial proprietary software

Kagamine Rin & Len (Japanese: 鏡音リン・レン), sometimes referred to as Rin & Len Kagamine, are humanoid personas voiced by a singing synthesizer application developed by Crypton Future Media, headquartered in Sapporo, Japan. They use Yamaha Corporation's Vocaloid 2 and Vocaloid 4 singing synthesizing technology. Their voices are sampled by Asami Shimoda. They have performed at live concerts onstage as animated hologram projections.

Their names are derived from the concept of 'left' and 'right', like in stereophonic sound. Their surnames came from the Japanese words for "mirror" (, kagami) and "sound" (, ne) and they are each other's mirror image.


Rin & Len were developed by Crypton Future Media using Yamaha's Vocaloid 2. Their voices were created by taking vocal samples from voice actress Asami Shimoda at a controlled pitch and tone. They were the second release within the "Character Vocal Series," which included the vocals Hatsune Miku and Megurine Luka. Rin was the first of the Kagamines to be illustrated and Len was made to match her, following Crypton's concept.[1]

They received mixed results from producers because compared to Hatsune Miku, they were considered much harder vocals to use. Asami Shimoda noted that she often received comments from Vocaloid fans that Rin's voice echoes within their head and makes them feel dizzy, while Len's higher ranges were not favored by those not fond of the pair entirely.[2]

Despite being released as a masculine character, during the development of VY2, the vocals of Ryuto or Len were not classified as "masculine vocals" and were not considered capable of holding a low masculine tones because of it. As a result, he and Ryuto were not referenced in the development of VY2.[3]

Additional software[edit]

Due to a number of complaints and issues with the original vocal, it was replaced with the "ACT2" package. This package acted independently from the original package.[4] It addressed issues regarding their ability to vocalize clearly. People who purchased the old version were able to claim the updated disc until 20 September 2008.[5]

In 2010 after Hatsune Miku Append was released for Hatsune Miku, Kagamine Rin & Len Append was released for Rin & Len. Rin's appends are "Power," "Warm," and "Sweet" while Len's appends are "Power," "Cold," and "Serious."[6]

An update, Kagamine Rin/Len V4X, was released for Vocaloid 4 on December 24, 2015. This package contains six Japanese vocals, three for Rin and three for Len. They are updates on the old Append vocals from Vocaloid2. Rin's vocals are "Power E.V.E.C.," "Warm" and "Sweet" while Len's are "Power E.V.E.C.", "Cold" and "Serious." Enhanced Voice Expression Control (E.V.E.C.) is a new system developed for Piapro Studios which allows delicate changes to how phonetic sounds sound. There are two options for the E.V.E.C. vocals: "Power" and "Soft." All Rin and Len vocals can use the new Cross-Synthesis (XSY) system developed for Vocaloid4, though are limited to only being able to do so with other vocals of their assign character of "Rin" or "Len". Rin and Len each received an English vocal which was released on the same day as the Japanese vocal. These vocals are available separately as a download or as a bundle with the Japanese vocals.


20,000 copies were sold on initial release.[7] The Kagamine Append package was released and went straight to fifth place on December 2010, the day of their release.[8]


During development Crypton's initial concept was to make a pair of female and male vocals. The first idea of this concept was twin voices of a girl and her mirror image of opposite gender. Crypton Future Media had the intention to distribute them as twins but this idea was not adopted and their relationship was left unconfirmed.[9]

After seeing many works that depict their relationships differently, Crypton announced on a magazine interview that those would meet their ideal. Crypton's final announcement was they are neither siblings nor lovers. They have been depicted as twins in popular songs just as they have been depicted as lovers in popular songs. Examples of this include "Story of Evil" by Mothy where they are depicted as twins as well as "Feathers Across the Seasons" by Hitoshizuku-P x Yama where they are depicted as a married couple. Both of which have been featured in official media; Story of Evil was featured at Mikupa 2011 in Sapporo and Feathers Across the Seasons was featured in Miku Symphony 2018-2019.

Merchandise companies such as Goodsmile will use "twin" in their description of the characters on some products or not use the descriptor in other products.[10][11] Crypton's official website advertises the two as "powerful and charming twin vocals". The reference is in the vocals however, and not the characters themselves.[12]

During Vocaloid 2 Append production, Wataru Sasaki described them as having one soul between the two of them. having only one append shared, POWER.

For their appends, Wataru wanted them to have a sense of transparency with their design.[13] In clarification to what he meant by this, he stated the "transparency" was in reference to their hearts.[14]

For the V4x design, Rin was given a more silver/whiter look to make her appearance more refreshing.[15] The design also was based more on the EOS B700 rather than the Kx5 because of it more whiter appearance.[16] More synthesizer base music symbols were used in addition.[17]


Age 14 years
Birthday December 27
Height 152cm / 5'0"
Weight 43 kg / 95 lb
Append Suggested tempo Suggested vocal range
ACT2 85-175BPM F♯3-C♯5
Power 65-170BPM F3-B4
Warm 60-160BPM F3-B4
Sweet 55-155BPM G3-C5
V4X Suggested tempo Suggested vocal range
Power 50-170BPM F2-E4
Warm 50-160BPM F2-C4
Sweet 55-155BPM G2-D4
English 55-155BPM G2-B3


Age 14 years
Birthday December 27
Height 156cm / 5'1"
Weight 47 kg / 103 lbs
Append Suggested tempo Suggested vocal range
ACT2 70-160BPM D3-C♯5
Power 65-170BPM A2-D4
Cold 60-160BPM B2-C4
Serious 55-155BPM A2-C4
V4X Suggested tempo Suggested vocal range
Power 60-170BPM D2-D4
Cold 60-160BPM E2-C4
Serious 55-155BPM F2-C4
English 55-155BPM E2-G#3


  1. ^ "P-Tina - Interview(s) with Crypton and KEI". www.p-tina.net.
  2. ^ [1] ASCII - VOCALOID『鏡音リン・レンAppend』発売記念インタビュー第2弾は声優の下田麻美さん♪
  3. ^ [2] IT Media News - コードネームは「勇馬」 ヤマハ純正のイケメンボカロ「VY2」の話を聞いてきた
  4. ^ kim (14 July 2008). "[VOCALOID2情報] 鏡音リン・レンACT2の歌声ライブラリについて" (in Japanese). Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  5. ^ kim (18 July 2008). "[VOCALOID2情報]鏡音リン・レン act2 本日発売!" (in Japanese). Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  6. ^ 音声ライブラリー (in Japanese). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  7. ^ 岡田有花 (23 July 2008). 「初音ミク」発売からもうすぐ1年 開発者が語る、これまでとこれから (in Japanese). ITmedia. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  8. ^ Tao (31 December 2010). "2010売上ランキング – VOCALOID編" (in Japanese). Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  9. ^ "crypton_wat on Twitter". Twitter (in Japanese). 28 November 2010.
  10. ^ "Example of merchandise stating their relationship".
  11. ^ "Example of merchandise not referencing their relationship at all by the same company".
  12. ^ "Crypton's official page for Rin and Len V4x".
  13. ^ "crypton_wat". Twitter. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  14. ^ "crypton_wat". Twitter. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  15. ^ "crypton_wat". Twitter. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  16. ^ "crypton_wat". Twitter. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  17. ^ "crypton_wat". Twitter. Retrieved 27 April 2016.

External links[edit]