Jenkins during a conference in
Arco, Trentino, 2016
|Birth name||Karl William Pamp Jenkins|
|Born||17 February 1944|
Penclawdd, Gower, Wales, United Kingdom
|Origin||Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom|
|Genres||Jazz, rock, classical|
|Instruments||Oboe, saxophone, keyboards|
|Labels||Virgin/EMI, EMI Classics, Deutsche Grammophon|
|Associated acts||Adiemus, Soft Machine|
Sir Karl William Pamp Jenkins (born 17 February 1944) is a Welsh multi-instrumentalist and composer. His best known works include the song "Adiemus" and the Adiemus album series; Palladio; The Armed Man; and his Requiem.
Jenkins was educated in music at Cardiff University and the Royal Academy of Music: of the latter, he is a fellow and an Associate. He joined the jazz-rock band Soft Machine in 1972 and became the groups lead songwriter in 1974. Jenkins continued to work with Soft Machine up to 1984 and has not been involved with any incarnation of the group since. Jenkins has composed music for advertisement campaigns and has won the industry prize twice.
Early life and education
Karl Jenkins was born and raised in Penclawdd, Gower, Wales. His mother was Swedish, and his father was Welsh. Jenkins received his initial musical instruction from his father, who was the local schoolteacher, chapel organist and choirmaster. He attended Gowerton Grammar School.
Early career: Graham Collier's group and Nucleus
For the bulk of his early career Jenkins was known as a jazz and jazz-rock musician, playing baritone and soprano saxophones, keyboards and oboe, an unusual instrument in a jazz context. He joined jazz composer Graham Collier's group and later co-founded the jazz-rock group Nucleus, which won first prize at the Montreux Jazz Festival in 1970.
In 1972 he joined the Canterbury progressive rock band Soft Machine. The group played venues including The Proms, Carnegie Hall, and the Newport Jazz Festival. The album Six, on which Jenkins first played with Soft Machine, won the Melody Maker British Jazz Album of the Year award in 1973. Jenkins also won the miscellaneous musical instrument section (as he did the following year). Soft Machine was voted best small group in the Melody Maker jazz poll of 1974. The albums in which Jenkins performed and composed were Six, Seven (1973), Bundles (1975), Softs (1976) and Land of Cockayne (1981). Jenkins composed most of the tracks on Seven and nearly all of the tracks on the subsequent three albums.
After Mike Ratledge left the band in 1976, Soft Machine did not include any of its founding members, but kept recording on a project basis with line-ups revolving around Jenkins and drummer John Marshall. Although Melody Maker had positively reviewed the Soft Machine of 1973 and 1974, Hugh Hopper, involved with the group since replacing bassist Kevin Ayers in 1968, cited Jenkins's "third rate" musical involvement in his own decision to leave the band, and the band of the late 1970s has been described by band member John Etheridge as wasting its potential.
Jenkins has created advertising music, twice winning the industry prize in that field. From the 1980s, he developed a relationship with Bartle Bogle Hegarty, starting with composing musics for their Levi's jeans "Russian" series. He composed a classical theme used by De Beers diamond merchants for their television advertising campaign focusing on jewellery worn by people otherwise seen only in silhouette. Jenkins later included this as the title track in a compilation called Diamond Music, and eventually created Palladio, using it as the theme of the first movement. Other arrangements have included advertisements for the Renault Clio.
As a composer, his breakthrough came with the crossover project Adiemus. Jenkins has conducted the Adiemus project in Japan, Germany, Spain, Finland, the Netherlands, and Belgium, as well as London's Royal Albert Hall and Battersea Power Station. The Adiemus: Songs of Sanctuary (1995) album topped the classical album charts. It spawned a series of successors, each revolving around a central theme. In 2014 Jenkins released a tribute song for the 2014 Winter Olympics, performed by his new age music group also called Adiemus.
Jenkins was the first international composer and conductor to conduct the University of Johannesburg Kingsway Choir led by Renette Bouwer, during his visit to South Africa as the choir performed his The Armed Man: A mass for peace together with a 70-piece orchestra.
Jenkins' choral work The Peacemakers, features texts from Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., the Dalai Lama, Nelson Mandela, Anne Frank and Mother Teresa, as well as words from the Bible and the Qur'an with some new text specially written by Terry Waite. On the 2012 record the London Symphony Orchestra is joined by different vocal forces including Rundfunkchor Berlin, the City of Birmingham Youth Chorus, and the 1000-strong "The Really Big Chorus" made up of members of UK choirs from across the country brought together in one day, in one studio, to contribute to two movements on the album. Guest artists include violinist Chloë Hanslip, soprano Lucy Crowe, Davy Spillane on Uilleann pipes, Indian bansuri player Ashwin Srinivasan and jazz musicians Nigel Hitchcock and Laurence Cottle. The album was released on 26 March 2012. The world premiere of this seventeen-movement work took place, however, in New York City's Carnegie Hall on 16 January 2012. Jenkins conducted from the podium, and John H. Briggs, Sr. conducted the Children's Chorus from a seated position. Briggs was the Choral Arts Conductor of one of the participating schools and its two choruses: Il Bel Canto and Die Meistersingers of Gwynn Park Middle School, Maryland. Additional concerts in the UK and US took place later in the year.
A work entitled The Healer – A Cantata For St Luke was premiered on 16 October 2014 (7:30 pm) in St Luke's Church, Grayshott, Hampshire, and was recorded and broadcast on Classic FM. The Healer received its US premiere at Carnegie Hall, New York on 19 January 2015. In September 2015, the recording of the premiere of The Healer was released on CD by Warner Classics as part of the 8-disc boxed set Voices.
A compilation CD Still with the Music was also released in September 2015, coinciding with the publication of his autobiography of the same name.
On 8 October 2016 Jenkins' choral work Cantata Memoria: For the children, a response to the 1966 Aberfan disaster with a libretto by Mererid Hopwood and commissioned by S4C, premiered at the Wales Millennium Centre. The concert was broadcast the following evening on S4C and was released as an album by Deutsche Grammophon.
Awards and achievements
Jenkins holds a Doctorate in Music from the University of Wales. He has been made both a fellow and an associate of the Royal Academy of Music, and a room has been named in his honour. He also has had fellowships at Cardiff University (2005), the Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama, Trinity College Carmarthen, and Swansea Metropolitan University.
In 2008 Jenkins' The Armed Man was listed as No. 1 in Classic FM's "Top 10 by living composers".
He was awarded an honorary doctorate in music from the University of Leicester, the Chancellor's Medal from the University of Glamorgan and honorary visiting professorships at Thames Valley University, London College of Music and the ATriUM, Cardiff.
Jenkins was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2005 New Year Honours and a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2010 Birthday Honours. In 2015 he was made a Knight Bachelor.
Partial list of works
with Soft Machine
- Adiemus: Songs of Sanctuary
- Adiemus II: Cantata Mundi
- Adiemus III: Dances of Time
- Adiemus IV: The Eternal Knot
- Adiemus V: Vocalise
- Adiemus Colores – Karadaglic/Villazon/Flores, 2013 Deutsche Grammophon
- Motets – Polyphony / Stephen Layton, 2014 Deutsche Grammophon
- Still with the Music - Various Artists, 2015 Warner Classics
Greatest hits collections
- The Best of Adiemus
- The Very Best of Karl Jenkins, EMI Classics (2011)
- Voices, Warner Classics (2015). An eight disc collection including the world premiere of The Healer – A Cantata for St Luke
- Adiemus: Live – live versions of Adiemus music
- Palladio (1995)
- Eloise (opera)
- Imagined Oceans (1998)
- The Armed Man: A Mass for Peace (composed 1999, premiered 2000)
- Dewi Sant, a work for SATB chorus and orchestra (1999, 30 minutes)
- Diamond Music (1996)
- Merry Christmas to the World (1995) – a collection of traditional Christmas music orchestrated by Jenkins
- Over the Stone (2002) – a double harp concerto
- Crossing the Stone (2003) – an album featuring Welsh harpist Catrin Finch and material from the double harp concerto
- Ave Verum (2004) – for baritone (composed for Bryn Terfel)
- In These Stones Horizons Sing (2004)
- Requiem (2005)
- Quirk (2005) concertante
- River Queen (2005) – score for the film River Queen directed by New Zealand director Vincent Ward
- Tlep (2006)
- Kiri Sings Karl (2006) – with Kiri Te Kanawa
- This Land of Ours (2007) – with Cory Band and Cantorion (aka Only Men Aloud!)
- Stabat Mater (2008) – Jenkins' adaptation of a 13th-century hymn
- The Concertos (2008) – Over the Stone (a double-harp concerto), La Folia (for marimba), Quirk (a concertante for flutes, keyboards, percussion), Sarikiz (a violin concerto), re-recording of the first movement of the Palladio concerto grosso
- Music of the Spheres with Mike Oldfield (2008)
- Te Deum (2008)
- Stella Natalis (2009)
- Gloria (2010) – with Hayley Westenra
- The Bards of Wales (2011) – A setting of The Bards of Wales, a ballad by the Hungarian poet János Arany
- Songs of the Earth (2012)
- The Peacemakers (2012)
- The Healer – A Cantata for St Luke (2014)
- Cantata Memoria (2016) – with Mererid Hopwood
- Sing! The Music was Given, September 2017 (World Premiere at Carnegie Hall, NY on 15 January 2018)
- Lamentation (2018) – a setting of "Lament for Syria", a poem by Amineh Abou Kerech
With Graham Collier
With Barry Guy/The London Jazz Composers' Orchestra
- Ode (Incus, 1972)
- "No. 59446". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 2010. p. 7.
- "Alumni: Karl Jenkins". Cardiff University School of Music. Archived from the original on 22 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Karl Jenkins: Biography". Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Soft Machine: Out-Bloody-Rageous, Graham Bennett, 2008 (ISBN 0-946719-84-5) p. 246.
- Soft Machine: Out-Bloody-Rageous, Graham Bennett, 2008 (ISBN 0-946719-84-5) p. 324.
- Mike Oldfield. "Second House: Tubular Bells". Memorable TV. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- Olsen, John P. (8 January 2014). "Olympic Tribute Song by Adiemus". New Age Music World.
- "Warner releases world-premiere recording of The Healer as part of 'Still With the Music' collection". Karl Jenkins.
- "The Story of Wales". Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- "Grayshott Concerts: World Premier of "The Healer – A Cantata for St Luke" by Karl Jenkins". grayshott.com. 2014. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- Thomas, Geraint (7 October 2016). "Aberfan: Sir Karl Jenkins' choral memorial to disaster". BBC. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
- "Elin Manahan Thomas and Karl Jenkins perform Aberfan memorial". southwales-eveningpost.co.uk. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
- "Cardiff University: Alumni". Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- "Top 10 by living composers". classicfm.co.uk. 2008. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Special Reports". Channel 4 News.
- Metro, 13 June 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015
- "About the BDRS". British Double Reed Society. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
- Daniel Gumble (4 October 2016). "BASCA Gold Badge Award winners revealed". Music Week. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Karl Jenkins – Lamentation". www.boosey.com. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
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