Kasturba Medical College

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Kasturba Medical College
MottoInspired by Life
Established30 June 1953; 68 years ago (1953-06-30)
ChancellorRamdas Pai
Vice-ChancellorM. D. Venkatesh
DeanSharath Rao (Manipal), M V Prabhu (Mangalore)
Academic staff
ColoursOrange   Black  
Websitemanipal.edu/kmc-manipal manipal.edu/kmc-mangalore

Kasturba Medical College, Manipal and Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, together known as KMC, are two private medical colleges in coastal Karnataka, India, established in 1953.[1] The colleges were established as a single unit and later became two colleges with their own teaching hospitals. KMC was the first self-financing medical college in India. The colleges are constituent units of Manipal Academy of Higher Education, an Institution of Eminence Deemed to be University.[2]


Early years[edit]

The colleges were established as a single institution in 1953 by T M A Pai with the pre-clinical section at Manipal and the clinical section in Mangalore at Wenlock District Hospital. Manipal and Mangalore were then a part of the erstwhile Madras state. The government of Madras granted land to establish a college and permitted the use of government hospitals for training medical students. The first batch of students arrived in Mangalore in 1955 for their clinical training. In 1956, the colleges became part of the expanded Mysore state which was then renamed as Karnataka.[3]


The clinical program commenced at Manipal in 1969 with the setting up of Kasturba Hospital. The colleges were later separated with the establishment of a pre-clinical section in Mangalore. Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore is attached to three government hospitals and was the first medical institution in India to be established as a public-private partnership.[4]

Affiliation with public universities[edit]

From their establishment in 1953, until 1993, the colleges were affiliated with public universities in Karnataka. The colleges were affiliated to Karnatak University from their establishment until 1964. They were affiliated to Mysore University from 1965 to 1980 and to Mangalore University from 1981 to 1992.[5]

Deemed university[edit]

In 1993, KMC Manipal and KMC Mangalore, along with colleges of dental surgery in Manipal and Mangalore were given deemed university status to form the Manipal Academy of Higher Education. In 2017, KMC Mangalore agreed to build a super specialty hospital at District Wenlock Hospital and extended its public private partnership with the government of Karnataka for another 33 years, i.e., until 2050.[6]



KMC Manipal is located in the university town of Manipal, a suburb in Udupi, Karnataka. It is situated within the campus of Manipal Academy of Higher Education. The campus at Manipal has a large Health Sciences Library and a Museum of Anatomy and Pathology.


KMC Mangalore is located in Mangalore. The campus at Mangalore is split into the Centre for Basic Sciences at Bejai and the main campus at Light House Hill Road.The campus includes six teaching hospitals, the T M A Pai Convention Centre and a large indoor sports complex.[7]


The colleges are 60 km (37 mi) apart by road and are well connected. The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airport.



Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is the basic undergraduate medical degree awarded by the Manipal Academy of Higher Education at both the colleges after nine semesters of coursework and one year of internship. Postgraduate Doctor of Medicine (MD) and Master of Surgery (MS) are awarded after three years of residential training. Postdoctoral Doctorate of Medicine (DM) and Master of Chirurgiae (MCh) degrees are awarded after three years of postdoctoral super specialty training as a senior resident.

Degree Specialties
Doctor of Medicine (MD) Anatomy, Anesthesiology, Biochemistry, Dermatology, Emergency Medicine, Forensic Medicine, General Medicine, Hospital Administration, Immunohematology, Microbiology, Pathology, Palliative Care, Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Physiology, Respiratory Medicine, Radiodiagnosis and Radiotherapy
Master of Surgery (MS) General Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics and Otorhinolaryngology
Doctorate of Medicine (DM) Cardiology, Gastroenterology, Infectious diseases, Oncology, Nephrology and Neurology
Master of Chirurgiae (MCh) Cardiothoracic surgery, Pediatric surgery, Plastic surgery, Neurosurgery and Urology
Fellowships Interventional radiology, Neuromodulation, Advanced obstetric ultrasound, Diabetes, Fetal Medicine, Geriatric Medicine, Microsurgery, Gynecologic oncology, Head and neck oncology, Neonatology, Neuro-anesthesia, Pediatric anesthesia, Onco-surgery, Onco-pathology and Reproductive medicine


  • KMC Manipal and KMC Mangalore were ranked 10th and 23rd respectively among the medical colleges of India in the NIRF 2021 Rankings.[8]
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education was ranked 7th among universities in India in the NIRF 2021 Rankings.[9]
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education was ranked in the 351-400 rank bracket in Medicine in the QS World University Rankings 2021, the third in India after AIIMS, New Delhi and PGIMER, Chandigarh.[10]


KMC Manipal and KMC Mangalore admit 250 students each for the undergraduate MBBS course. Admission is based on the 'All India Rank' obtained in NEET (UG) conducted by NTA. 20% of the MBBS seats in KMC Mangalore are retained for candidates from Karnataka as part of the public private partnership. Admissions to postgraduate and super specialty courses are based on the rank obtained in NEET (PG) and NEET (SS) respectively. Admissions to nursing, physiotherapy, psychology and other allied health courses are based on the score obtained in the Manipal Entrance Test.


The examinations at KMC Manipal and KMC Mangalore are conducted by the Manipal Academy of Higher Education according to guidelines laid down by the National Medical Commission. All exams are paperless and are written on a biometric secured tablet using a stylus.[11]

Teaching hospitals[edit]

KMC Manipal[edit]

  • Kasturba Hospital, Manipal[12]
  • Dr. T.M.A Pai Rotary Hospital

KMC Mangalore[edit]

Unlike most medical colleges in India, KMC Mangalore is attached to both government and private hospitals.

  • District Wenlock Hospital[13]
  • Lady Goschen Hospital
  • KMC Hospital, Attavar
  • KMC Hospital, Ambedkar Circle
  • Regional Advanced Pediatric Care Centre

Notable people[edit]

List of notable people associated with Kasturba Medical College including alumni and faculty
Name Notability
Devi Shetty Cardiac Surgeon and founder of Narayana Health.[14]
Ramdas Pai Doctor and Chancellor of Manipal Academy of Higher Education.[15]
Kamala Selvaraj Obstetrician and Gynecologist who pioneered the first IVF in South India.[16]
C N Ashwatnarayan Deputy chief minister of Karnataka.[17]
B M Hegde Cardiologist and recipient of Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan.[18]
Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor Astronaut and orthopedic surgeon.[19]
Annapoorna Kini Cardiologist and assistant director at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York.[20]
H S Ballal Radiologist and Pro Chancellor of Manipal Academy of Higher Education.[21]
H Sudarshan Ballal Nephrologist and chairman of Manipal Hospitals.[22][better source needed]


  1. ^ Manipal Education Archived 16 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "MAHE celebrates 'Institution of Eminence' tag - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Dr. T.M.A. Pai Foundation vs State Of Karnataka on 7 April, 1986".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "PPP is a win-win for all: Mangaluru's KMC". The Times of India. 13 March 2015. Archived from the original on 30 December 2021. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Kasturba Medical College". Archived from the original on 30 December 2021.
  6. ^ M, Raghava (9 May 2017). "Manipal University to build a new super speciality block in Wenlock Hospital". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 30 December 2021.
  7. ^ "'Marena' sports complex | Mangaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  8. ^ "MoE, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)". www.nirfindia.org. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
  9. ^ "MoE, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)". www.nirfindia.org. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
  10. ^ "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2021: Medicine". Top Universities. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  11. ^ "E-pad and stylus are overtaking pen and paper at universities". Hindustan Times. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Kasturba Hospital gets WASH certification". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 22 December 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 April 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  13. ^ "KMC asked to provide more staff to Wenlock and Goschen". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 1 April 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 April 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  14. ^ Raj Chengappa (26 December 2020). "When I did a 100 heart operations in 1989, I knew it was possible to start a revolution in cardiac surgery: Dr Devi Shetty". India Today. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  15. ^ "Chairman | Manipal Education & Medical Group". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. ^ "Dr. Kamala Selvaraj | WEF | Women Economic Forum". WEF. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  17. ^ "Biography". Dr. Ashwath Narayan C N. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  18. ^ "About". Dr. B. M. Hegde. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  19. ^ "Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor | Malaysian orthopedic surgeon". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  20. ^ "Puttur-born Dr Annapoorna Kini chosen for 'Gifted Educator' award in USA". www.daijiworld.com. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  21. ^ "Udupi: MAHE pro-chancellor Dr H S Ballal on corona situation, future". www.daijiworld.com. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  22. ^ "The Print".

External links[edit]