Khaled Mosharraf

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Khaled Mosharraf
Khaled Mosharraf.jpg
Born 1 November 1937
Jamalpur, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died 7 November 1975(1975-11-07) (aged 38)
Allegiance  Bangladesh
 Pakistan (before 1971)
Service/branch
Years of service
Rank Major General
Unit East Bengal Regiment
Commands held

(Bangladesh)

Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Bangladesh War of Independence
Awards Bir Uttom
Other work Coup of 3 November 1975

Khaled Mosharraf, Bir Uttom (Bengali: খালেদ মোশাররফ) (born 1 November, 1937 – died 7 November, 1975) was a Bangladeshi military officer who was the Sector Commander of Bangladesh Forces Sector 2 and K-Force Brigade Commander during the Bangladesh War of Independence . He was awarded Bir Uttam for his gallantry actions during the war. Although he suffered a bullet injury, he recovered and remained in command of Bangladesh Forces Sector 2. On 3 November 1975, Mosharraf led a coup against the Mushtaq Administration who had conspired and seized power in Bangladesh in 1975 post the assassination of Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman,[1] but during the military uprising on 7 November, he was himself overthrown and assassinated.

Early life and army career[edit]

Khaled Mosharraf was born in the village of Mosharrafganj in Islampur, Jamalpur District of the province of Bengal, British India (now in Bangladesh). He passed the matriculation examination from Cox's Bazar Government High School[2] in 1953. Graduating from the Dhaka College in 1955, he joined the Pakistan Army and enrolled at the Pakistan Military Academy in Kakul, West Pakistan. He became adjutant of the 4th Bengal regiment during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. He also served as an instructor at the military academy and obtained an advanced degree from the Command and Staff College in Quetta in 1968. In addition he also received training in the United Kingdom and West Germany.[3]

Bangladesh Forces Commander in the War of Independnce[edit]

Major Mosharraf was appointed commanding officer of the 4th Bengal regiment (4th battalion of East Bengal Regiment) in the Comilla Cantonment on 24 March 1971. Mosharraf led this unit in mutiny following the declaration of independence on behalf of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman by Major Ziaur Rahman from Kalurghat Radio station in Chittagong March 26, 1971. He merged his unit into a guerrilla force, and later served as one of its leading commanders.

Guerrilla fighter Shafi Imam Rumi took training for the war in Melaghar, Agartala under Sector-2, supervised by Mosharraf and Rashid Haider. After his training he came to Dhaka to join the Crack Platoon, a group that conducted major guerrilla operations against the Pakistan Army. His major target was to bomb the Siddhirganj Power Station.[4]

At the end of June 1971, Shahadat Chowdhury and Habibul Alam came to Rumi's father Sharif's house with a letter from Mosharraf. Mosharraf asked Sharif information about bridges and culverts of Bangladesh to hamper the Pakistani occupation army's movement. Sharif used to provide detailed information of the exact points where to set explosives so that the bridge will be damaged, but also so that it can be repaired easily after the country is liberated.[5]

After conducting some successful attacks, Mosharraf and his unit were forced to retreat into the Indian state of Tripura. In an encounter with Pakistani forces, he suffered a gunshot wound to his head and soon recovered after treatment. Following the Bangladesh War of Independence and the establishment of an independent Bangladesh, Mosharraf was appointed as the staff officer to the HQ of the new Bangladesh Army in Dhaka. In 1973 after attaining the rank of brigadier, he was appointed to the post of Chief of General Staff. He was also awarded with the military honour Bir Uttom for gallantry by the independent government of Bangladesh in 1972.

Coup of 1975[edit]

Following the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the country's president, on 15 August 1975, a new government composing of anti-Mujib political elements was formed under the new president Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad. Ahmad issued the Indemnity Ordinance, which gave immunity from prosecution to the killers of Mujib. Outraged at Mujib's killing and the protection of his killers, Mosharraf mobilised pro-Mujib army units with Colonel Shafaat Jamil of 46 Brigade to overthrow Ahmad's regime on 3 November. He had Ziaur Rahman and other members of the government arrested and elevated himself to the rank of major general, and to the position of army chief. Mosharraf installed Justice Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem as president.[6] His mother and brother had led a commemorative procession to Mujib's family residence without his knowledge. He allowed safe passage to those who killed Mujib.[7] However, a mutiny on 7 November consisting of left-wing non-enlisted personnel in the army, organised and led by the radical left wing JSD leader Abu Taher,[8] resulted in the assassination of Mosharraf.[9]

Assassination[edit]

On 6 November 1975, Major General Mosharraf, with two others fellow officers, Colonel Najmul Huda and Colonel A.T.M. Haider, went to 10th East Bengal Regiment. Next morning, i.e., on 7 November 1975, at 11 am, under order of an officer from the 2nd Field Regiment Artillery (rumoured to be Lieutenant Colonel Mohiuddin Ahmed, later executed on 28 January 2010 for killing Sheikh Mujibur Rahman), Captain Asad and Captain Jalil of the 10th East Bengal Regiment shot and killed Mosharraf and his two fellow officers.[10] Ironically, both Asad and Jalil fought in K force under Mosharraf during the Bangladesh Liberation War, and Mosharraf had once saved Asad's life while risking his own. Mosharraf's body was left under a date tree inside cantonment for a certain time.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahsan, Syed Badrul. "Remembering Khaled Musharraf. ." The Daily Star. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Dola, Shamima. খালেদ মোশাররফ [Khaled Mosharraf]. Gunijan Trust (in Bengali). Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Editor. "Mosharraf, Major General Khaled". en.banglapedia.org. Banglapedia. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  4. ^ (Imam 1986, pp. 159–60)
  5. ^ Karmakar, Prasanta (30 October 2009). "One retired fellow traveler of Liberation war". Prothom-Alo. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "History, as the Zias see it". The Daily Star (Editorial). Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Ahsan, Syed Badrul. "None righted the wrong". The Daily Star. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Chowdhury, Afsan. "'It's not just the colonel who would not repent, but just about everyone else'". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Mascarenhas, Anthony (1986). Bangladesh: A Legacy of Blood. Hodder and Stoughton. p. 109. ISBN 0-340-39420-X. Some jawans from the Bengal Lancers and 2 Field Artillery came over to urge the 10th East Bengal troops to join the mutiny. The trouble seems to have spread rapidly. A few minutes later Khalid Musharraf and Colonels Huda and Halder were gunned down in the CO's room by two company commanders, Captain Asad and Captain Jalil. 
  10. ^ Ahsan, Syed Badrul. "Khaled Musharraf and a lost autumnal spring". The Daily Star. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
Preceded by
Major General Ziaur Rahman
Chief of Army Staff, Bangladesh
3–7 November 1975
Succeeded by
Major General Ziaur Rahman