Comilla

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This article is about the city. For the district, see Comilla District.
Comilla
কুমিল্লা
Metropolitan City
Comilla City Skyline.jpg
Birchandra pathagar (3).jpg Chondimura temple (10).jpg
ময়নামতি রাণীর কুঠির (Maynamati Ranir Kuthir).jpg
Clockwise from top: Comilla Skyline, Mainamati Chondimura temple, Shalban vihara and City Hall Library.
Official seal of Comilla
Seal
Comilla is located in Bangladesh
Comilla
Comilla
Coordinates: 23°27′N 91°12′E / 23.450°N 91.200°E / 23.450; 91.200Coordinates: 23°27′N 91°12′E / 23.450°N 91.200°E / 23.450; 91.200
Country Bangladesh
Division Comilla Division
District Comilla District
Municipality established 1890
City corporation 10 July 2011
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Comilla City Corporation
 • City Mayor Monirul Haque Sakku
Area
 • Total 37.56 km2 (14.50 sq mi)
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 346,238[citation needed]
Demonym(s) Comillian
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 3500-3583
Area code(s) +880
Calling code 081
Literacy Rates 49.4%
Website

Districts Website

City Corporation

Comilla (Bengali: কুমিল্লা) is a city in eastern Bangladesh, located along the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway. It is the administrative center of the Comilla District, part of the Chittagong Division. Comilla is the second-largest city of eastern Bangladesh after Chittagong and is one of the three oldest cities in Bangladesh.

History[edit]

Ancient Period[edit]

Shalban vihara is evidence of the age of Comilla.

The Comilla region was once under ancient Samatata and was joined with the Tripura State. This district came under the reign of the kings of the Harikela in the ninth century AD. Lalmai Mainamati was ruled by the Deva dynasty in the eighth century AD, and during the 10th and mid-11th centuries. In 1732, it became the center of the Bengal-backed domain of Jagat Manikya.[1]

British Period[edit]

The Peasants Movement against the king of Tripura in 1764, which originally formed under the leadership of Shamsher Gazi is a notable historical event in Comilla.[2] It came under the rule of East India Company in 1765. This district was established as Tripura district in 1790. It was renamed Comilla in 1960. Chandpur and Brahmanbaria subdivisions of this district were transformed into districts in 1984.

Communal tension spread over Comilla when a Muslim was shot in the town during the partition of Bengal in 1905. On 21 November 1921, Kazi Nazrul Islam composed patriotic songs and tried to awaken the town people by protesting the Prince of Wales's visit to India.[2] During this time, Avay Ashram, as a revolutionary institution, played a significant role. Poet Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi visited Comilla at that time. In 1931, approximately 4000 peasants in Mohini village in Chauddagram Upazila revolted against a land revenue tax. The British Gurkha soldiers fired indiscriminately on the crowd, killing four people.[2]

World War II[edit]

World War II cemetery in Mainamati.

Comilla Cantonment is one of most important military bases and is the oldest in East Bengal. It was widely used by the British Indian Army during World War II. It was the headquarters of the British 14th Army.There is a war cemetery, Maynamati War Cemetery,[3] in Comilla that was established after the World War II to remember the Allied soldiers who died during World War I and II, mostly from Commonwealth states and the United States. There are a number of Japanese soldiers were buried there as well.

The Maynamati War Cemetery is a war cemetery and a memorial in Comilla, Bangladesh for Second World War graves from near by areas during the war.

Geography[edit]

Gomti river, Comilla

Comilla city covers a total area of 37.56 square kilometers. It is bounded by Burichang Upazila and Tripura on the north, Laksham and Chauddagram on the south, and Barura on the west. The major rivers that pass through Comilla include Gumti and Little Feni. The Tropic of Cancer crosses Comilla town on the south side just over the Thomson Bridge.

Climate[edit]

Climate in Comilla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average Temperature (°C) 18° 21.5° 26° 21° 29.5° 29° 28° 28.5° 27.5° 22.5° 21° 20°
Average

Precipitation (mm)

0 27 30 72 117 183 147 120 153 45 9 15
Source: World Weather Online|[Web]

Demographics[edit]

Language[edit]

Kobi Nazrul Institute.

Comilla's Bengali dialect is not very different from others but there is some diversity. Comilla has its own regional language which is very similar to the dialect of the Dhaka region.[citation needed] This city celebrates Nazrul's birthday specially every year.[4]

Points of interest[edit]

Comilla has a number of tourist attractions. Various archaeological relics discovered in the district, especially from the 7th-8th century, are now preserved in the Mainamati Museum, Mainamati being a famous Buddhist archaeological site.[5]

Sports[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in all areas of Comilla city. In 2015, Comilla Victorians team was formed to play in Bangladesh Premier League. Other popular sports are football, hockey, volleyball. Comilla's F.C., the local football team, is owned by Nafisa Kamal's Comilla Legends Limited. Wasim Akram was the team's mentor. Khaled Mashud is the manager of Comilla Victorians. Mohammad Salahuddin is the coach[citation needed] and Mashrafe Mortaza captains the team.[6]

Sports Teams from Comilla:

Sport League Club
Cricket BPL Comilla Victorians
Soccer SK Cup Adarshya F.C.
Soccer SL F.C. Comilla

Transport[edit]

Sunset at Dhaka-Comilla Highway.

Highway[edit]

Comilla is a hub of road communication of the eastern part of Bangladesh. One of the oldest highways of the Indian Sub-continent, 'The Grand Trunk Road' passes through the city. The important Dhaka–Chittagong Highway bypasses the city from the cantonment to Poduar Bazar.[7] Comilla is located 97 kilometers from the capital city, Dhaka, which can be reached by road or railway.

Notable residents[edit]

Actors and actresses like Ferdous Ahmed helped the whole film industry. There was a total of eight LUX Channel I Superstar seasons. Three of the winners were from Comilla.[citation needed] Bidya Sinha Saha Mim was one of them.[8][9] Shib Narayan Das was a member of the BLF and one of the designers of the first flag of Bangladesh. Shaheed Dhirendranath Datta was ex-Minister of Law, Language movement activist and Shaheed of 1971. Lt-Col. Akbar Hussain veteran freedom fighter. He was Minister of Mineral Sources in 1978; and Minister of Forest Preservation in 1991. Later he became Minister of Inland Water. Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad was a President of Bangladesh; he also served as Minister and member of the Exile Cabinet of Meherpur Government. Kazi Zafar Ahmed, was Prime Minister in 1988 and Minister of Education in 1986. Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain was Minister of Energy & Mineral Resources in 1991 and Minister of Health & Family Welfare in 2001. Mustafa Kamal served as president of the International Cricket Council. Shaukat Mahmood was senior journalist and editor of the Weekly Economic Times. He was also elected president of the National Press Club. Buddhadeb Bosu was a Bangla poet, novelist, translator, editor and essayist. Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in West Bengal, but resided in Comilla for a long time.[citation needed] Another poet was Abdul Kadir, who was a poet, researcher and editor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bidhas Kanti Kilikhar. Tripura of the 18th Century with Samsher Gazi Against Feudalism: A Historical Study. (Chhapa Kathi, Agartula: Tripura State Tribal Cultural Research Institute and Museum, 1995) p. 55
  2. ^ a b c Banglapedia: national encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 2003. ISBN 978-984-32-0578-0. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Whitaker's Cumulative Book List. J. Whitaker. 1961. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Rebel Poet's 116th birth anniversary". The Daily Star. 25 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Huntington, Susan L. (1984). The "Påala-Sena" Schools of Sculpture. Brill Archive. p. 26. ISBN 978-90-04-06856-8. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Story of a Tide". The Daily Star. 20 November 2015. 
  7. ^ Leung, Mikey; Meggitt, Belinda (2012). Bangladesh. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 274. ISBN 978-1-84162-409-9. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "All About Mim". The Daily Star. 19 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "Mim recalls childhood Puja days". The Daily Star. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 

External links[edit]