|City corporation||10 July 2011|
|• Body||Comilla City Corporation|
|• City Mayor||Monirul Haque Sakku|
|• Total||51 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||72 m (236 ft)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
Comilla (Bengali: কুমিল্লা) is a city in eastern Bangladesh, located along the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway. It is the administrative center of the Comilla District, part of the Chittagong Division. Comilla is the second-largest city of eastern Bangladesh after Chittagong and is one of the three oldest cities in Bangladesh.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Governance and Politics
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Administrations
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 Education
- 9 Economies
- 10 Tourist Places
- 11 Sports
- 12 Notable people
- 13 Sister Cities
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
The Comilla region was once under ancient Samatata and was joined with the Tripura State. This district came under the reign of the kings of the Harikela in the ninth century AD. Lalmai Mainamati was ruled by the Deva dynasty in the eighth century AD, and during the 10th and mid-11th centuries. In 1732, it became the center of the Bengal-backed domain of Jagat Manikya.
The Peasants Movement against the king of Tripura in 1764, which originally formed under the leadership of Shamsher Gazi is a notable historical event in Comilla. It came under the rule of East India Company in 1765. This district was established as Tripura district in 1790. It was renamed Comilla in 1960. Chandpur and Brahmanbaria subdivisions of this district were transformed into districts in 1984.
Communal tension spread over Comilla when a Muslim was shot in the town during the partition of Bengal in 1905. On 21 November 1921, Kazi Nazrul Islam composed patriotic songs and tried to awaken the town people by protesting the Prince of Wales's visit to India. During this time, Avay Ashram, as a revolutionary institution, played a significant role. Poet Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi visited Comilla at that time. In 1931, approximately 4000 peasants in Mohini village in Chauddagram Upazila revolted against a land revenue tax. The British Gurkha soldiers fired indiscriminately on the crowd, killing four people. In a major peasant gathering, the police fired at Hasnabad of Laksam Upazila in 1932. Two people were killed and many were wounded. Queen Victoria visited Comilla several times. Comilla Victoria Government College was named for her memories in the city.
World War II
Comilla Cantonment is one of most important military bases and is the oldest in East Bengal. It was widely used by the British Indian Army during World War II. It was the headquarters of the British 14th Army.There is a war cemetery, Maynamati War Cemetery, in Comilla that was established after the World War II to remember the Allied soldiers who died during World War I and II, mostly from Commonwealth states and the United States. There are a number of Japanese soldiers were buried there as well.
The Maynamati War Cemetery is a war cemetery and a memorial in Comilla, Bangladesh for Second World War graves from near by areas during the war. The cemetery contains 736 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War. It was established and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC), to pay tribute to those who sacrificed their lives in World War II. It is situated in the Comilla Cantonment area.
The people of Comilla served as language fighters in 1952. The students of the Comilla Victoria College protested against the Pakistani Government. Shaheed Dhirendranath Datta, an important leader of the language movement, was from Comilla. Shib Narayan Das was one of designers of the first flag of Bangladesh. He was part of BLF. Comilla was part of sector 3 during the Liberation war of Bangladesh. Jehangir Khan Tareen was a Pakistani politician of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. He was also born in Comilla.
Comilla covers a total area of 51 square kilometers. It is bounded by Burchiganj and Tripura on the north, Laksham and Chauddagram on the south, and Barura on the west. The major rivers that pass through Comilla include Gumti and Little Feni. The Tropic of Cancer crosses Comilla town on the south side just over the Thomson Bridge.
Comilla is a warm city. Majority of the year its hot. Nowadays its common that temperature rises above 40 degree Celsius.
|Climate in Comilla|
|Average Temperature (°C)||18°||21.5°||26°||21°||29.5°||29°||28°||28.5°||27.5°||22.5°||21°||20°|
|Source: World Weather Online|[Web]|
Governance and Politics
Comilla City Corporation is a self-governed municipal administration in Bangladesh that administers and oversees the development and maintenance works in the city. The corporation covers an area of over 33 square kilometer in the Comilla district where over five million people live as permanent residents. The body was known as Comilla Municipality previously, until it achieved City Corporation status by a ministry of local government declaration on 10 July 2011.
The Comilla City Corporation is responsible for administering and providing basic infrastructure to the city.
- Water purification and supply
- Sewage treatment and disposal
- Garbage disposal and street cleanliness
- Solid waste management
- Building and maintenance of roads and streets.
- Street lighting
- Maintenance of parks and open spaces
- Cemeteries and Crematoriums
- Registering of births and deaths
- Conservation of heritage sites
- Disease control, including immunization
- Public municipal schools etc.
Comilla Cantonment is a cantonment located nearby the city. The personnel of Bangladesh Army with local civilian inhabit here.The 33rd Infantry Division HQ is also located here. Bangladesh Military Academy was initially established at Comilla Cantonment on 11 January 1974 and later relocated at Bhatiary in 1976. Comilla Cantonment provides Comilla Cadet College, Comilla Ispahani Public School and College, Comilla Cantonment College, Comilla Cantonment High School.
Comilla is a hub of road communication of the eastern part of Bangladesh. One of the oldest highways of the Indian Sub-continent, 'The Grand Trunk Road' passes through the city. The important Dhaka–Chittagong Highway bypasses the city from the cantonment to Poduar Bazar. Comilla is located 97 kilometers from the capital city, Dhaka, which can be reached by road or railway. In recent years, electric trikes began to overwhelm Comilla streets, mostly because of their convenience for short distance commuting throughout the main town.
Comilla is a nearby city of Laksham Junction and Akhaura Railway Junction (largest in the country). Rail connection is available to Dhaka, Chittagong, Brahmanbaria and Sylhet.
Comilla's only airport is currently closed since the city is nearby other major cities. Comilla Airport was announced to open again in 2012. Its runway is 26 ft long.
Comilla is controlled by the Comilla City Corporation. It has a total 27 wards.
Those are neighborhoods of Comilla city.
- Bara Para
- Bholain (North)
- Bholain (South)
- Purba Jorekaran
- Pachim Jorekaran
- Perul (North)
- Perul (South)
The majority of the people of Comilla are Muslims. There was a large Hindu population in the city. Those Hindus emigrated to India in 1947. The rest were killed by the Pakistani Military in the Genocide of 1971.
The Jagannath Temple, also known as Sateroratna Mandir or seventeen-jewel temple is dedicated to the Hindu God Jagannath. It dates back to the 16th century, and was built by Sree Sreejoktou Moharaja Rada Kishor Manikuo Bahadur, who was the king of Tripura. The deities of Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra were originally installed in a temple in Tripura from where they were subsequently shifted to this temple.
The Jagannath Temple is one of the oldest temples of Indian Subcontinent. It is located two km south-east from Comilla town. The terracotta brick work of the temple is in the typical Bengali style of temple architecture. The seventeen jewels are the towers that originally crowned the structure but have been damaged: eight on the first floor, eight on the second, and one more in the center.
Comilla is one most cultured districts in the country. It is bordering with Indian state of Tripura. It has similarities with Tripura. Comilla has an ancient culture.
Comilla's Bengali dialect is not very different from others but there is some diversity. Comilla has its own regional language which is very similar to the dialect of the Dhaka region.
The government cultural agencies working in Comilla, are listed below:
- District Arts Academy, Comilla
- Bangladesh Shishu Academy, Comilla district
- Government Public Library, Judge court Road, Comilla
Funded by the local government and the Ministry of Cultural Affairs Agency biracandranagara auditorium (town hall)
- Nazrul Institute Center, Comilla
Romans were great aficionados of Bengal khadi Muslin and imported vast amounts of fabrics. The khadi weaves of Comilla during the Mughal period were renowned as valuable textiles with distinctive characteristics. During the years of the Indian self-rule movement and later with the independence of Bangladesh the spirit of khadi was driven with the winds of change. In 1921 Mahatma Gandhi came to Chandina Upazila in comilla to inspire the local weavers and consequently a branch of ‘Nikhil Bharat Tantubai Samity’ was established to self-seed and proliferate the sale of goods to other major cities in India. In the greater Comilla region the weaving centers were particularly developed in Mainamati, Muradnagar, Gauripur and Chandina.
Comilla is popular for its Ras malai. It was originated from this city. K.C. Das was the founder of those sweets who started his business in Kolkata. Today those can be found only in Matree Bhandar, Comilla. Other places also produces but not with previous taste. Another popular was sweet of sponge.
The Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education is located in Comilla. The Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Comilla is an autonomous organization, that is responsible for holding public examinations (JSC, S.S.C and H.S.C) in Comilla and near by 5 districts of Comilla Division. The board is established in 1962, under the East Pakistan Intermediate and Secondary Education (Amendment) Ordinance, 1962.
The present chairperson of the board is Professor Indu Bhushan Bhowmik. This is the central administration that conducts primary, secondary, and higher secondary education for several districts. Institutions for cultural heritage in Comilla include the Ramamālā Library.
Comilla has a number of tourist attractions. Various archaeological relics discovered in the district, especially from the 7th-8th century, are now preserved in the Mainamati Museum, Mainamati being a famous Buddhist archaeological site. There is a World War II war cemetery in Comilla, which is protected and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
There are some other places in Comilla tourists usually visit. Shalbon Bihar is a historical place in the subcontinent. There is also Dharma Sagor. Comilla Zoo is available for get entertained by animals. Lalmai Pahar is the natural attraction of Comilla.
Cricket is the most popular sport in all areas of Comilla city. In 2015, Comilla Victorians team was formed to play in Bangladesh Premier League. Other popular sports are football, hockey, volleyball. Comilla's F.C., the local football team, is owned by Nafisa Kamal's Comilla Legends Limited. Wasim Akram was the team's Mentor. Khaled Mashud is the Manager of Comilla Victorians. Mohammad Salahuddin is the Coach and Mashrafe Mortaza was the Icon Player of the team.
Sports Teams from Comilla:
|Soccer||SK Cup||Adarshya F.C.|
Actors and actresses like Ferdous Ahmed helped the whole film industry. There was a total of eight LUX Channel I Superstar seasons. Three of the winners were from Comilla. Bidya Sinha Saha Mim was one of them. Shib Narayan Das was a member of the BLF and one of the designers of the first flag of Bangladesh. Shaheed Dhirendranath Datta was ex-Minister of Law, Language movement activist and Shaheed of 1971. Lt-Col. Akbar Hussain veteran freedom fighter. He was Minister of Mineral Sources in 1978; and Minister of Forest Preservation in 1991. Later he became Minister of Inland Water. Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad was a President of Bangladesh; he also served as Minister and member of the Exile Cabinet of Meherpur Government. Kazi Zafar Ahmed, was Prime Minister in 1988 and Minister of Education in 1986. Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain was Minister of Energy & Mineral Resources in 1991 and Minister of Health & Family Welfare in 2001. Mustafa Kamal served as president of the International Cricket Council. Shaukat Mahmood was senior journalist and editor of the Weekly Economic Times. He was also elected president of the National Press Club. Buddhadeb Bosu was a Bangla poet, novelist, translator, editor and essayist. Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in West Bengal, but resided in Comilla for a long time. Another poet was Abdul Kadir, who was a poet, researcher and editor.
- Bidhas Kanti Kilikhar. Tripura of the 18th Century with Samsher Gazi Against Feudalism: A Historical Study. (Chhapa Kathi, Agartula: Tripura State Tribal Cultural Research Institute and Museum, 1995) p. 55
- Banglapedia: national encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 2003. ISBN 978-984-32-0578-0. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- Whitaker's Cumulative Book List. J. Whitaker. 1961. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- Leung, Mikey; Meggitt, Belinda (2012). Bangladesh. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 274. ISBN 978-1-84162-409-9. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- Huntington, Susan L. (1984). The "Påala-Sena" Schools of Sculpture. Brill Archive. p. 26. ISBN 978-90-04-06856-8. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
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