|33 King's-Edgehill Lane
Windsor, Nova Scotia, B0N 2T0
|Type||Independent Co-educational Secondary|
|Headmaster||Joseph F. Seagram|
|Number of students||280-300 (Approx. 170 Boarders, 110 Day Students)|
|Color(s)||Red and Blue|
|Official name||King's College National Historic Site of Canada|
King's-Edgehill School is a Canadian private university-preparatory boarding and day school located in the town of Windsor, Nova Scotia. It is the oldest independent school in the Commonwealth outside the United Kingdom, founded by United Empire Loyalists as King's Collegiate School in 1788, and granted Royal Charter by King George III in 1802.
The agricultural town of Windsor was chosen by Charles Inglis, first overseas Bishop of the Anglican Church, for the founding of the school over the larger military centre and colonial capital of Halifax (60 km to the southeast) so "...that it be well away from taverns and houses of ill fame".
In April 1789, King George III gave Royal Assent to the establishment of King's Collegiate School, as well as to the establishment of the University of King's College - the first such honour to be bestowed upon any school in the British Empire. It is also claimed that Prince Edward, Duke of Kent took an interest in King's Collegiate School and University of King's College while stationed in Halifax as Commander-in-Chief, British North America.
The Academy at Windsor, now known by the name of "The Collegiate School", was opened on the 1st November, 1788, under the charge of Mr. Archibald Payne Inglis. Seventeen pupils were in attendance, among whom was John Inglis, subsequently the Right Rev. John Inglis, D. D. third Bishop of Nova Scotia.
In June 1890, the Anglican Diocese of Nova Scotia decided to establish a girls' school in Windsor to complement King's Collegiate School. Edgehill School opened in January 1891 and construction of a new building to house the new girls began in the following June.
In 1920, a disastrous fire swept through the campus causing irreparable damage to the main university buildings. With the encouragement of the Carnegie Foundation, which was promoting the consolidation of all Nova Scotian post-secondary institutions to Halifax around a nucleus formed by Dalhousie University, the University of King's College received funds to move into a newly built campus in Halifax. King's College remains an independent university, although its students enjoy affiliation privileges with Dalhousie. Its campus is located at the corner of Oxford Street and Cobourg Road, occupying the northwest corner of Dalhousie's Studley Campus.
During the Second World War, the Edgehill School was host to a group of approximately 30 female students from the Roedean School in East Sussex, England who had been evacuated. They travelled to Nova Scotia on the SS Duchess of Atholl.
Both King's Collegiate School and the newer Edgehill School remained on the Windsor campus and eventually expanded to include much of the 65-acre (260,000 m2) site, therefore better hosting the athletic tournaments which take place every year. In 1976 the governing bodies of both schools decided to amalgamate, and King's-Edgehill School was born.
King's College School (The Collegiate School), King's-Edgehill Timeline
- 1787 - Dr. Charles Inglis arrives in Nova Scotia
- 1788 - King's Collegiate School for boys opens with 17 students
- 1789 - George III gives Royal Assent to K.C.S.
- 1790 - The Academy commenced in the Susanna Francklyn's house.
- 1794 - The Academy moved into the unfinished College buildings, which had begun its construction in 1790
- 1800 - The boys of K.C.S. adopt the game of hurley to the ice of Long Pond
- 1817 - Construction of The Academy building was begun, the story being that of the eight thousand pounds spent to build this stone building, three thousand is said to have come from the Arms Duty Fund raised in Castine, Maine, during the War of 1812; it was ready for use in 1822
- 1822 - New Stone Structure was completed for the Academy on the College Property.
- 1863 - Convocation Hall is built, Canada's first library museum building
- 1867 - Canadian Confederation: Among the Fathers of Confederation are 3 former K.C.S. students
- 1871 - Fire destroyed The Academy
- 1877 - The boys’ school moved into a new wooden building constructed on the site of the stone building and was designated King’s Collegiate School
- 1877 - Hensley Memorial Chapel opens on the first Sunday of Michaelmas Term
- 1891 - Edgehill School for Girls opens with 27 resident and 15 day students
- 1905 - Because of poor drainage, the school was moved to higher ground.
- 1915 - the School changed its name to King's College School
- 1920 - Disastrous fire destroys the main buildings of the University of King's College
- 1923 - The school and the university separate; King's College moves to Halifax
- 1931 - Inglis House is erected on the foundation of the original 1790 College building
- 1976 - Amalgamation to form King's-Edgehill School
- 1981 - King's-Edgehill offers the International Baccalaureate Programme, the sixth school in Canada to do so
In the past five years. there have been major renovations of the school, ranging from the addition of a floor to the girls dormitory to the construction of the Ted Canavan Athletic Centre (opened in 2005), complete with a pool, double gym and well-equipped exercise facilities. The Fountain Performing Arts Centre was also completed recently to host musical performances and concerts.
Headmasters and Principals (King's)
|Title||First Name||Middle||Last Name||Start||End||Number|
|Rev.||Dr. Charles||Porter (Acting)||1819||1820||10|
|School Closed December 1835||1835||1836||Closed|
|Vacant Principalship July 1, 1847 - Oct 1, 1848||1847||1848||Vacant|
|School Closed Dec 1853 - Aug 1854||1853||1854||Closed|
|Vacant Principalship June 1861 - Sept 1862||1861||1862||Vacant|
|School Closed June 1873 - Sept 1875||1873||1875||Closed|
Headmistresses/Principals Edgehill School for Girls (Founded 1891)
|Title||First Name||Middle Name||Last Name||Start||End||Number|
- Amor De Cosmos
- Robert B. Dickey
- John Hamilton Gray (New Brunswick politician)
- John Pyror 
- Edward Ross 
- Robert Christie (Quebec Politician)
- Basil King
- Percy Paris
- Frederick E. Hyndman
- Peter Whalley
- Leopold Davis Lewis
- Gordon Tidman
- Muriel Denison
- James Gilbert
- George Cooper, C.M., C.D., Q.C.
- Ruth Archibald
- David Andrews (ice_hockey)
- Gudie Hutchings
- Dorothy Harley Eber
- Fred Fountain
- Joan Fraser
- Evan Xie
- King's College. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "Biography – COCHRAN, WILLIAM – Volume VI (1821-1835) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 2017-01-19.
- "Biography – PRYOR, JOHN – Volume XII (1891-1900) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". www.biographi.ca. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- "History of Ross Farm". Ross Farm Museum. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
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