|Mission type||ABM radar target|
|Launch mass||325 kilograms (717 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||30 July 1964, 03:36UTC|
|Launch site||Kapustin Yar Mayak-2|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||28 February 1965|
|Perigee||253 kilometres (157 mi)|
|Apogee||476 kilometres (296 mi)|
Kosmos 36 (Russian: Космос 36 meaning Cosmos 36), also known as DS-P1-Yu #1 was a satellite which was used as a radar calibration target, for tests of anti-ballistic missiles. It was launched by the Soviet Union in 1964 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau.
After separating from its carrier rocket, Kosmos 36 was in a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 253 kilometres (157 mi), an apogee of 476 kilometres (296 mi), 49.0 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.83 minutes. It decayed from orbit on 28 February 1965. Kosmos 36 was the first of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched, of which all but seven were successful. The next launch of a DS-P1-Yu satellite, on 12 February 1965, failed due to a second stage malfunction.
- Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
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