Kosmos 108

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kosmos 108
Mission type Solar research
COSPAR ID 1966-011A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-U1-G
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 291 kilograms (642 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 11 February 1966, 18:00:00 (1966-02-11UTC18Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63S1
Launch site Kapustin Yar 86/1
End of mission
Decay date 21 November 1966 (1966-11-22)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 190 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee 344 kilometres (214 mi)
Inclination 48.8 degrees
Period 89.8 minutes

Kosmos 108 (Russian: Космос 108 meaning Cosmos 108), also known as DS-U1-G No.1, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1966 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 291-kilogram (642 lb) spacecraft,[1] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used to study the effects of solar activity on the upper atmosphere.[2]

A Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 108 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[3] The launch occurred at 18:00:00 GMT on 11 February 1966, and resulted in the successfully insertion of the satellite into low Earth orbit.[4] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1966-011A.[5] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 02002.

Kosmos 108 was the first of two DS-U1-G satellites to be launched, the other being Kosmos 196.[2][6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 190 kilometres (120 mi), an apogee of 344 kilometres (214 mi), 48.8 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 89.8 minutes.[7] It completed operations on 26 February 1966.[1] On 21 November 1966, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  2. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "DS-U1-G". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  5. ^ "Cosmos 108". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-G". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-11-14. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-11-14.