Laem Chabang

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Laem Chabang
แหลมฉบัง
City Municipality
City of Laem Chabang
เทศบาลนครแหลมฉบัง
Official seal of Laem Chabang
Seal
Laem Chabang is located in Thailand
Laem Chabang
Laem Chabang
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 13°5′N 100°53′E / 13.083°N 100.883°E / 13.083; 100.883
Country Thailand
Province Chonburi
District Si Racha
Government
 • Type City Municipality
 • Mayor Jinda Thanomrod
Area
 • Total 88.59 km2 (34.20 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 78,341
 • Density 884/km2 (2,290/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postcode 20230
Area code (+66) 38
Website lcb.go.th
Port of Laem Chabang
Laem Chabang.jpg
Location
Country Thailand
Location Laem Chabang, Chonburi Province
Details
Owned by Port Authority of Thailand
Type of harbor Natural/Artificial
Land area 1,040.8 ha (10.4 sq km)
Statistics
Annual cargo tonnage 80 million tonnes (FY2017)[1]
Annual container volume 7.7 million TEUs (FY2017)
Website
www.laemchabangport.com

Laem Chabang (Thai: แหลมฉบัง, pronounced [lɛ̌ːm tɕʰābāŋ]) is a port city (thesaban nakhon) in Chonburi Province, Thailand. It includes tambon Bang Lamung of Bang Lamung District, the tambons Bueng, Surasak, Thung Sukhla, and parts of Nong Kham of Si Racha District. As of 2006 it had a population of 61,801. The town has grown up around the port, but also serves as a major stop on the coastal highway linking Pattaya and Bangkok via Sukhumvit Road (Hwy 3). The town is also known for hosting a Japanese retirement community with specialty stores geared towards them.

The port[edit]

Laem Chabang is about 25 kilometres north of Pattaya, and south of the city of Chonburi. It is Thailand's largest port. The port occupies 2,572 acres (1,041 ha) and is capable of handling the largest (Post-Panamax) vessels.[2]

Development of the port complex started in 1988 to encourage development outside Bangkok and take advantage of proximity to the Gulf of Thailand. The container port was completed in 1991.[3] In 2014 it handled 6.58 million TEUs, making it the 22nd busiest container port in the world.[4] In FY2107 (1 October 2016-30 September 2017) it handled 7.7 million TEUs.[1] Much of the international shipping reaching Thailand passes through Laem Chabang. It is a port of call for Princess Cruises and Celebrity Cruises. It accommodated 59 passenger liners in FY2017.[1]

Laem Chabang includes:

  • Seven container terminals
  • One multipurpose terminal
  • One ro-ro terminal
  • One passenger ro-ro terminal
  • One general cargo terminal
  • One shipyard terminal
  • Adjacent Harbor Mall

The Port Authority of Thailand is responsible for the port overall. It engages private sector contractors to manage various port operations.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Laem Chabang (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.0
(102.2)
37.5
(99.5)
37.5
(99.5)
38.1
(100.6)
38.7
(101.7)
36.8
(98.2)
36.2
(97.2)
36.7
(98.1)
34.9
(94.8)
35.0
(95)
36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 31.9
(89.4)
32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
33.3
(91.9)
32.7
(90.9)
31.9
(89.4)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.6
(88.9)
32.0
(89.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
28.3
(82.9)
29.0
(84.2)
29.7
(85.5)
29.5
(85.1)
29.1
(84.4)
28.7
(83.7)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.1
(82.6)
28.7
(83.7)
Average low °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
23.2
(73.8)
24.4
(75.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.0
(77)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.0
(71.6)
24.2
(75.6)
Record low °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
16.5
(61.7)
19.0
(66.2)
19.2
(66.6)
19.2
(66.6)
20.0
(68)
20.1
(68.2)
21.0
(69.8)
19.6
(67.3)
20.0
(68)
17.0
(62.6)
14.0
(57.2)
14.0
(57.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 20.9
(0.823)
15.2
(0.598)
52.9
(2.083)
61.5
(2.421)
137.2
(5.402)
153.0
(6.024)
104.9
(4.13)
116.4
(4.583)
247.3
(9.736)
200.3
(7.886)
33.6
(1.323)
8.2
(0.323)
1,151.4
(45.331)
Average rainy days 1.5 2.3 4.6 6.5 12.3 12.9 11.8 13.4 17.0 16.9 4.2 1.1 104.5
Average relative humidity (%) 64 72 73 74 76 76 76 76 78 78 65 61 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 192.2 163.9 186.0 186.0 117.8 114.0 117.8 114.7 108.0 108.5 171.0 192.2 1,772.1
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.2 5.8 6.0 6.2 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 5.7 6.2 4.9
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[5]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[6]

Sports[edit]

Laem Chabang has world class golf courses, such as the Laem Chabang International Country Club designed by Jack Nicklaus.[7]

Economy[edit]

As a port town, the economy is based on shipping services, as well as retail and tourism. The town is being marketed along with Bang Lamung township as an alternative to Pattaya. Sukhumvit Road passes through the town. Some 200 companies occupy about 1,406 acres (569 ha) in the industrial park. It also has an ExxonMobil refinery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Laem Chabang Port". Port Authority of Thailand (PAT). Retrieved 30 October 2017. 
  2. ^ "Information". Laem Chabang Port. Laem Chabang Port. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  3. ^ Pitchon, James. "Thailand's industrial property evolution", Bangkok Post, July 07, 2008, retrieved on September 27, 2008.
  4. ^ Mooney, Turloch (2015-11-30). "Laem Chabang port expands to tap south-east Asia trade". Journal of Commerce (JOC). Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 20. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 97. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "Welcome to Laem Chabang International Country Club". Laem Chabang International Country Club. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°5′N 100°53′E / 13.083°N 100.883°E / 13.083; 100.883