Lake Opeta

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Lake Opeta
Location Nakapiripirit, Sironko, Katakwi, Kumi
Coordinates 1°42′0″N 34°14′0″E / 1.70000°N 34.23333°E / 1.70000; 34.23333
Primary outflows Lake Bisina
Basin countries Uganda
Surface area 68,912 hectares (170,290 acres)
Surface elevation 1,962 metres (6,437 ft)
Islands Tisai
Designated September 15, 2006 [1]
Lake Opeta
Map showing the location of Lake Opeta
Map showing the location of Lake Opeta
Coordinates 01°42′N 34°14′E / 1.700°N 34.233°E / 1.700; 34.233Coordinates: 01°42′N 34°14′E / 1.700°N 34.233°E / 1.700; 34.233
Area 68,912 hectares (170,290 acres)
Established 2006 [2]
Governing body District Government

Lake Opeta is a lake with an extensive wetland system in Uganda.

The wetland lies south of the Pian Upe Wildlife Reserve and serves as a dry-season refuge for both wildlife from the park and domestic cattle of the surrounding Karamajong and Pokot people.[2]

Hydrology[edit]

Lake Opeta is primarily fed by rainfall on Mount Elgon and drains into Lake Kyoga via Lake Bisina. It is surrounded by an extensive swamp and floodplain.[3]

Conservation[edit]

Lake Opeta is one of Uganda's 33 Important Bird Areas and since 2006 a Ramsar-listed wetland of international importance.[2]
A Biodiversity and Eco-Tourism Centre funded by the Global Environmental Facility and UNDP serves the lake.[4]

Birds[edit]

Fox's weaver, Uganda's only endemic bird species, is known to inhabit the wetland,[2] as do the globally threatened vulnerable shoebill, near-threatened papyrus gonolek, and 160 other species.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ramsar List". Ramsar.org. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. "The Annotated Ramsar List: Uganda". Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Byaruhanga, Achilles; Kigolo, Stephen (2005). Lake Opeta Wetland System Ramsar Information Sheet (PDF). Kampala. 
  4. ^ International Union for Conservation of Nature. "Commissioned in the Lake Opeta Ramsar Site". Retrieved 28 June 2012.