Lancia Flat-4 engine
Lancia introduced its new aluminum flat-4 engine in 1960 for the Flavia. Though it was a pushrod engine, it was advanced for the time. The pushrod version of the Lancia boxer was only ever used in the Flavia, and its derivatives including the Lancia 2000. In 1976, a new overhead cam engine based on a similar layout was designed and brought into production in 2 and 2.5 litre forms fitted to the Gamma.
The original version was the 1500 cc introduced in 1960; it used an 82 mm bore and 71 mm stroke. It was revised on 1963 with a smaller 80 mm bore and a longer 74 mm stroke, thus displacing 1488 cc. A final version was introduced in 1967 with an even longer 80 mm stroke coupled with a 77 mm bore, giving a displacement of 1490 cc. Production ceased in 1970.
The first 1800 was a 1.7 L (1727 cc) introduced in 1962. It used an 88 mm (3.5 in) bore and 71 mm (2.8 in) stroke. One year later it was replaced by a true 1.8 L (1800 cc) engine thanks to a longer 74 mm (2.9 in) stroke. In 1967 appeared the 1816 cc version using an 85 mm stroke with an 80 mm bore.
The 2.0 L (1991 cc) 2000 version was the ultimate Flavia engine. Bore was 89 mm (3.5 in) and stroke was 80 mm (3.1 in) for a good oversquare ratio. In 1971, the 2.0 L produced 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS), and in the HF Coupe in 1972 it produced 125 bhp (93 kW; 127 PS). This engine was produced from 1968 through 1974.
Lancia developed the large light-alloy overhead camshaft 2.0-litre and 2.5-litre flat-4 engines specifically for the Lancia Gamma, rather than using Fiat derived engines as used in the Beta and Montecarlo and were in production between 1976 and 1984.
Replacing the 2.0 L pushrod engine used in the Flavia, the new 2.0 L OHC (1999 cc) engine produced 120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) at 5500 rpm and 172 N⋅m (127 lb⋅ft) torque at 3500 rpm.
The 2.5 L (2484 cc) engine was initially available with twin-choke Weber carburettors, but in the last few years of production it was equipped with fuel injection. In both forms, it produced 140 bhp (104 kW; 142 PS) at 5400 rpm and 208 N⋅m (153 lb⋅ft) torque at 3000 rpm.
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- Koch, Jeff (April 2008). "Lancia Flavia 1.8 Coupe vs. Alfa GTV 1750". Hemmings Motor News. American City Business Journals. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
Lancia's four has its cylinders horizontally opposed, à la Porsche (or VW Beetle if you're uncharitable)--except it's watercooled, hanging out over the nose, and driving the front wheels. Power, even at 92hp, was far beyond VW's modest output in those days, even allowing for the displacement discrepancy.
- Daily Mail Motor Show Review 1971, page 27
- Daily Express Guide to World Cars 1980, page 37
- Car Catalogue International 1983, page 53