Aldo Brovarone at Pininfarina (Coupé)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Executive car (E)|
|Body style||4-door fastback saloon (berlina)
|Engine||2.0 L carburetor Lancia H4
2.5 L carburetor Lancia H4
2.5 L I.E. Lancia H4
|Wheelbase||2,670 mm (105.1 in) - berlina
2,555 mm (100.6 in) - coupé
|Length||4,580 mm (180.3 in) - berlina
4,485 mm (176.6 in) - coupé
|Width||1,730 mm (68.1 in)|
|Height||1,410 mm (55.5 in) - berlina
1,330 mm (52.4 in) - coupé
|Curb weight||1,320 kg (2,910 lb) - berlina
1,290 kg (2,844 lb) - coupé
The Lancia Gamma (Tipo 830) was an executive car (E-segment in Europe) from Italian Fiat Auto's up-scale Lancia marque. Presented in 1976 at the Geneva Motor Show as Lancia's new flagship, it filled the void in Lancia's lineup left by the demise of the Flavia. The Gamma was made until 1984 as a 4-door fastback saloon (called Berlina) and 2-door coupé (presented in 1977), both designed by Pininfarina.
There were 15,272 berlinas and 6,790 coupés built. As with several other cars of the period, the fastback style of the berlina featured a conventional boot at the rear, and was not a hatchback, despite its appearance. At the car's press launch Pininfarina explained that a hatchback was avoided to save the inconvenience to back seat passengers when luggage is being loaded: "inconvenience" was thought to be a reference to possible draughts.
Gamma is the third letter of the Greek alphabet. Greek letters had been used to denote Lancia models before 1945, and this tradition was revived with the presentation of the front-wheel drive Lancia Beta in 1971, the first Lancia to be developed under Fiat supervision. The Gamma can be seen as a continuation, also being FWD and utilizing some suspension elements from the Beta, so the choice of the following Greek character (Beta is second) appears as logical. The Gamma sports the γ (lower case gamma) sign on several badges both inside and outside.
The Lancia Gamma was a front-wheel drive car with longitudinally-mounted boxer engines. It was available with either a 5-speed manual transmission or later a 4-speed automatic transmission. There were effectively two series of the Gamma, though Lancia referred to the change merely as a "face-lift". The main change was that the engines went from carburettors to Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection. At the same time a lot of cosmetic work was done; the cars got a new corporate grille, 15-inch "sunburst" alloy wheels, and a slightly upgraded interior, with new instrumentation and interior lighting, new badging, a new style handbrake and gear lever gaitor.
Lancia developed unique flat-4 engines for the Gamma (an idea initially was to use a Fiat V6). Engine designer De Virgilio also drew up an engine for the Gamma which was a V6 4-cam with either 3- or 4-litre displacement, but this never came to fruition. The Flat four engine finally chosen for the Gamma lacked the cachet afforded to luxury cars in this sector, which generally came with 6 or 8 cylinders. The 4-cylinder engine was unusually large for a modern 4-cylinder petrol engine, though Subaru EJ flat-4 engines matched it in volume and the Porsche 944 and 968 had 3L straight-4 engines. The "4" had certain engineering advantages, but more than anything it allowed Aldo Brovarone (Pininfarina chief stylist) to design a rakish looking coupé with a low bonnet line and a steeply raked windscreen. When launched at the Geneva show in 1979 there were crowds around the Lancia stand. Pressure cast in alloy with wet cylinder liners, the engine was also extremely light and though it only produced 140 bhp (104 kW), (120 bhp (89 kW) in 2.0-litre form) in line with traditional Lancia thinking it generated a huge amount of torque, most of which was available at just 2000 rpm.
Initially available with a displacement of 2.5 L (Gamma 2500), it was later joined by a 2.0 L version (Gamma 2000), which resulted from the Italian tax system (cars with engines larger than 2.0 L are subject to heavier tax burden). The displacement was lowered by decreasing the bore rather than the stroke of the engine. Both displacements were using Weber carburetors, and the 2.5 L also came in a version fitted with fuel injection (Gamma 2500 I.E.)
- 2.0 L carburetor 8v SOHC flat-4 - 1999 cc, 115 PS (85 kW)
- 2.5 L carburetor 8v SOHC flat-4 - 2484 cc, 140 PS (103 kW)
- 2.5 L I.E. 8v SOHC flat-4 - 2484 cc, 140 PS (103 kW)
Ironically, it was the engines that caused the Gamma to have a poor name. They overheated far too easily, wore its cams, and leaked oil. The wishbone bushes wore out early, and, because the power steering was driven from the left cam-belt, the car was prone to snapping that belt when steering was on full lock — with disastrous results. By the time the FL1 was launched most of these problems had been addressed, but the damage was done, and the car's poor reputation cemented. The whole marque suffered from similar reputation problems; compare with the Lancia Beta.
|Lancia Gamma Coupé production figures*|
*stated by Pininfarina production records
|Lancia Gamma Coupé version figures|
Several concepts were developed from the Gamma Platform over the years:
- 1977 Pininfarina Gamma Spider — a targa top version of coupé.
- 1977 Giugiaro Megagamma — a short-nosed MPV (multi-purpose vehicle) hatchback-bodied variant.
- 1980 Pininfarina Gamma Scala — a saloon, based on the coupé but with a regular notchback boot.
- 1981 Saloon — a Berlina-based six-window three-box, notchback saloon variant.
- 1982 Pininfarina Gamma Olgiata — a three-door estate, based on the coupé; similar in concept to the Lancia Beta HPE.
- "Lancia Gamma". The Lancia pages @ www.CarsFromItaly.com. Archived from the original on 2005-03-24. Retrieved 2006-08-03. (accessed via the Wayback Machine)
- Auto Katalog. Motor Presse Stuttgart. 1983. pp. 220–221. ISSN 0949-0884. - technical data based on 1982/83 models
- "PRODUZIONE COMPLESSIVA" (PDF). pininfarina.it. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
- "Top of the Lancia gamut". Autocar. Vol. 144 nbr 4155. 26 June 1976. pp. 68–70.
- "Lancia Concept Cars @ www.CarsfromItaly.com". Carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
- "Lancia Gamma Scala @ CarsfromItaly". Carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
- "Lancia Gamma Olgiata @ CarsfromItaly". Carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lancia Gamma.|
- Italian website on Lancia Gamma
- Lancisti.net - An Information Exchange and Support Community for Lancia Owners and Enthusiasts
- Gamma Consortium
- Lancia Motor Club (UK)
|Small family car||Ardea||Appia||Delta I|
|Large family car||Aprilia||Fulvia||Beta|
|Executive car||Artena||Flavia I||2000||Gamma|
|Coupé||Appia Coupé/GTE/Sport||Fulvia Coupé/Sport|
|Flavia Coupé/Sport||2000 Coupé||Gamma Coupé|
|Aurelia B20||Flaminia Coupé/Sport/GT|
|Convertible||Appia Convertibile||Beta Spider|
|Aurelia B24||Flaminia Convertibile||Flavia Convertibile|
|Sports car||Beta Montecarlo|
|Rally car||Fulvia HF||Stratos HF|
|Racing car||D20 D23 D24 D25||D50||Montecarlo Turbo|
|Supermini||A112||Y10||Y||Ypsilon I||Ypsilon II|
|Small family car||Delta I||Delta II||Delta III|
|Compact executive car||Beta||Prisma||Dedra||Lybra|
|Executive car||Gamma||Thema I||Kappa||Thesis||Thema II|
|Gamma Coupé||Kappa Coupé|
|Sports car||Montecarlo||Delta HF 4WD/integrale|
|Rally 037||Delta S4|
|Rally car||Rally 037||Delta S4||Delta HF Group A|
|Racing car||Montecarlo Turbo||LC1||LC2|