Lancia Gamma

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Lancia Gamma
Lancia Gamma Berlina 1980.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerLancia
Production1976-1984
DesignerPininfarina (Berlina)
Aldo Brovarone at Pininfarina (Coupé)[1]
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style4-door fastback saloon (berlina)
2-door coupé
LayoutFF layout
RelatedLancia Beta[1]
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L carburetor Lancia H4
2.5 L carburetor Lancia H4
2.5 L I.E. Lancia H4
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,670 mm (105.1 in) - berlina
2,555 mm (100.6 in) - coupé[2]
Length4,580 mm (180.3 in) - berlina
4,485 mm (176.6 in) - coupé[2]
Width1,730 mm (68.1 in)[2]
Height1,410 mm (55.5 in) - berlina
1,330 mm (52.4 in) - coupé[2]
Curb weight1,320 kg (2,910 lb) - berlina
1,290 kg (2,844 lb) - coupé[1]
Chronology
PredecessorLancia 2000
SuccessorLancia Thema

The Lancia Gamma (Tipo 830) was an executive car (E-segment in Europe) manufactured and marketed by the Lancia subdivision of Fiat. Following its debut at the 1976 Geneva Motor Show[1] as Lancia's new flagship, the Gamma was marketed as 4-door fastback saloon as the Berlina (1976-1984) and as 2-door coupé (1977-1984), both designed by Pininfarina — with 15,272 and 6,790 manufactured, respectively.[3] The Gamma superseded the Lancia Flavia.

The fastback style of the Berlina featured a conventional boot at the rear, rather than a hatchback. At the car's press launch Pininfarina said a hatchback was avoided to save the inconvenience to back seat passengers when luggage is loaded, ostensibly draughts.[4]

The name[edit]

Gamma is the third letter of the Greek alphabet. Lancia had used Greek letters to denote its models before 1945, and the nomenclature was revived with the Lancia Beta in 1971, the first Lancia developed under Fiat supervision. The Gamma is also FWD and shared suspension elements from the Beta.[1] The Gamma carries the γ (lower case gamma) emblem both inside and out.

Engines[edit]

The Lancia Gamma was a front-wheel drive car with longitudinally-mounted boxer engine and with either a 5-speed manual transmission and later a 4-speed automatic transmission.[1] The Gamma received a midcycle face-lift, receiving Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection as well as a new corporate grille, 15-inch "sunburst" alloy wheels, and a revised interior with new instrumentation, interior lighting, badging, handbrake and gear lever gaiter.

Though Fiat had planned to use a Fiat V6), Lancia developed unique flat-4 engines for the Gamma. The Lancia Flavia and Flavia Coupe had used 1.8 and 2.0 litre flat four engines. Engine designer De Virgilio also drew up an engine for the Gamma which was a V6 4-cam with either 3- or 4-litre displacement, but this never came to fruition.

The flat engine, though large for a modern 4-cylinder petrol engine, lacked the cachet associated with six and eight cylinder engines but enabled Pininfarina chief stylist Aldo Brovarone to lower the coupé's bonnet line and to steeply rake its windscreen.

Pressure cast in alloy with wet cylinder liners, the engine was light and though it only produced 140 bhp (104 kW), (120 bhp (89 kW) in 2.0-litre form) its torque was available at just 2000 rpm.

Initially available with a displacement of 2.5 L (Gamma 2500), it was later joined by a 2.0 L version (Gamma 2000), which resulted from the Italian tax system (cars with engines larger than 2.0 L are subject to heavier tax burden). The displacement was lowered by decreasing the bore rather than the stroke of the engine. Both displacements were using Weber carburetors, and the 2.5 L also came in a version fitted with fuel injection (Gamma 2500 I.E.)[1][2]

Lancia Gamma Coupé production figures*
Series 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 Totals
1 9 1,006 2,064 1,236 6,790
2 37 1,225 952 176 51 33

*stated by Pininfarina production records

Lancia Gamma Coupé version figures
2.0 2.5 2.5 ie Total
Series 1
1976-79
1,978 2,337 4,315
Series 2
1980-84
1,265 1,209 2,474
Total 3,243 3,546 6,789

Concepts[edit]

Several concepts were developed from the Gamma Platform over the years:[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Lancia Gamma". The Lancia pages @ www.CarsFromItaly.com. Archived from the original on 2005-03-24. Retrieved 2006-08-03. (accessed via the Wayback Machine)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Auto Katalog. Motor Presse Stuttgart. 1983. pp. 220–221. ISSN 0949-0884. - technical data based on 1982/83 models
  3. ^ "PRODUZIONE COMPLESSIVA" (PDF). pininfarina.it. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
  4. ^ "Top of the Lancia gamut". Autocar. Vol. 144 nbr 4155. 26 June 1976. pp. 68–70.
  5. ^ "Lancia Concept Cars @ www.CarsfromItaly.com". Carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  6. ^ "Lancia Gamma Scala @ CarsfromItaly". Carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  7. ^ "Lancia Gamma Olgiata @ CarsfromItaly". Carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2016-01-21.

External links[edit]