Latvian Higher League

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Latvian Higher League
Logo virsliga.svg
Founded1927
CountryLatvia
ConfederationUEFA (Europe)
Number of teams9
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toLatvijas 1. līga
Domestic cup(s)Latvian Cup
Latvian Supercup
International cup(s)Champions League
Europa League
Current championsRiga FC
(2019)
Most championshipsSkonto (15)
Websitehttps://optibetvirsliga.lv
2019 Latvian Higher League

Latvian Higher League or Virslīga is a professional football league and the top tier of association football in Latvia. Organised by the Latvian Football Federation, the Higher League is contested by 9 clubs. The full name of the league is Optibet Virslīga for sponsorship reasons since 2019.

History and League format[edit]

The first all-national championship was organized in 1927. Between 1945 and 1991 the championship of Soviet Latvia was a feature of the country's sporting calendar. With Latvia regaining independence in August 1991, the newly established Latvian Football Federation (Latvijas Futbola Federācija – LFF) decided to reorganise its competitions within the Virslīga from 1992.[1] In 2008 The same year Latvia became a member of UEFA. After the 2007 season the league increased from eight to ten sides.[2] In 2008 each side played the others four times.

At the end of the season, the lowest placed team are automatically relegated into 1. liga, and the winner of the 1. liga automatically takes their place. The second lowest placed team in Virslīga and the second team of 1. liga play two matches for a place in the Virslīga the following season. The winner of Virslīga, the champion of Latvia, plays in the UEFA Champions League qualifying round. The second and third placed clubs play in the UEFA Europa League qualifying games.[3]

A winter off-season league cup, the Virslīga Winter Cup, was played in January of each year from 2013 to 2017, which was replaced next year by the Virslīga Cup (Latvian: Virslīgas kausa izcīņa).[4]

From 2015 till 2018 there were eight participating clubs but in 2019 took part already nine clubs. Since 2020 season league is expected to increase to ten clubs.[5]

Sponsorships and name changes[edit]

The League has changed sponsors for several times. From 2005 until 2010 it was known as the LMT Virslīga. No sponsorships were established for the 2011 season. Starting from the 2012 season, the league was reorganised in partnership with an NGO as "Latvijas Futbola virslīga",[6] adopting the NGO's name in the 2012 season. From 2013 to 2015, the league was known as the SMScredit.lv Virslīga due to a contract with the online microfinance company SMScredit.[7] In March 2016, it was announced that the Virslīga would be sponsored by SynotTip Sports Bar on a three-year contract.[8] They were succeded by betting firm "Optibet" on a two-year contract, beginning with the 2019 season.[9]

Clubs (2019)[edit]

Source:[10][11]

Club Position
in 2018
First season in
Virslīga
Seasons
in Virslīga
First season of
current spell in
Virslīga
Virslīga
titles
Last Virslīga
title
Jelgava 6th 2010 10 2010 0 n/a
Liepāja 4th 2014 6 2014 1 2015
Metta / LU 7th 2012 8 2012 0 n/a
Riga FC 1st 2016 4 2016 1 2018
Rīgas FS 3rd 2016 4 2016 0 n/a
Spartaks Jūrmala 5th 2012 8 2012 2 2017
Valmiera 8th 1997 9 2018 0 n/a
Ventspils 2nd 1997 23 1997 6 2014
BFC Daugavpilsa 1st 2014 4 2019 0 n/a

a: Pirmā līga winner

Titles by year[edit]

Source:[12]

Riga Football League[edit]

Latvian Championship 1922–1940 (independent)[edit]

Football Championship of Latvian SSR 1942–1990[edit]

Since independence in 1991[edit]

Notable managers and players[edit]

Most titles[edit]

This is a list of clubs, in order of most titles won in the independent era (1922-1940 and 1991 to date):[12]

By club[edit]

Club No. of Titles Years won
Skonto Riga 15 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010
RFK Riga 8 1924, 1925, 1926, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1935, 1940
Olimpija Liepāja 7 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933, 1936, 1938, 1939
Ventspils 6 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2013, 2014
Liepājas Metalurgs 2 2005, 2009
Kaiserwald Riga 2 1922, 1923
JPFS/Spartaks Jūrmala 2 2016, 2017
Riga FC 2 2018, 2019
FK Liepāja 1 2015
Daugava Daugavpils 1 2012
ASK Riga 1 1932

By region[edit]

Region Championships Clubs
Riga 29 Skonto (15), RFK (8), Kaiserwald (2), Spartaks (2), Riga (1), ASK (1)
Kurzeme 16 Olimpija (7), Ventspils (6), Metalurgs (2), Liepaja (1)
Latgale 1 Daugava (1)

By city/town[edit]

City / Town Championships Clubs
Riga 27 Skonto (15), RFK (8), Kaiserwald (2), Riga (1), ASK (1)
Liepaja 10 Olimpija (7), Metalurgs (2), Liepaja (1)
Ventspils 6 Ventspils (6)
Jurmala 2 Spartaks (2)
Daugavpils 1 Daugava (1)

Rivalries[edit]

The most well-known rivalry is Kurzeme derby (Kurzemes derbijs) between Ventspils and Liepaja.[13][circular reference] Two biggest clubs in Kurzeme region has been played 86 matches before 2019 season with record W31 D28 L27 (including Metalurgs) in favor of Liepaja.[14]

Since 2016 were established Riga derby (Rīgas derbijs) between Riga and Rīgas FS as two clubs were promoted at the same time. In 2019 match on Skonto Stadium between two sides set ten years attendance record.[15]

Virslīga clubs in international competitions[edit]

UEFA competitions

Ventspils is the first club who qualifies for the UEFA clubs competitions group stage in 2009.[16][circular reference]

Skonto reached UEFA Champions League last qualifying stage for a few times but losing to such teams like FC Barcelona[17][circular reference], Internazionale FC[18][circular reference] and Chelsea FC.[19][circular reference]

Commonwealth of Independent States Cup

Runners-up (3): 2001, 2003, 2004.

Runners-up (1): 2007.

Baltic League

Champions (1): 2007.

Champions (1): 2010.

Runners-up (2): 2007, 2011.

Champions (1): 2011.

Runners-up (1): 2008.

Individual records (since 1992)[edit]

  Still active players are highlighted

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Latvia". UEFA. All rights reserved. 3 September 2018.
  2. ^ Mike Dryomin (14 March 2008). "Latvia 2007". RSSSF. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  3. ^ Hartmanis, Martins (2007-12-01). "LMT Virslīga new season calendar published". Latvian Football Federation. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
  4. ^ "Ziemas kauss futbolā vairs nenotiks, to aizstās Virslīgas kausa izcīņa". LA.lv (in Latvian). 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  5. ^ "Sacensību sistēmas modeļa apstiprināšana". lff.lv (in Latvian).
  6. ^ "About Virslīga". Biedrība Latvijas Futbola Virslīga. Futbolavirsliga.lv. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. (in Latvian)
  7. ^ "Latvijas futbola virslīgai nākamajā sezonā būs jauns ģenerālsponsors". Public Broadcasting of Latvia (in Latvian). 2018-10-17. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  8. ^ "Virslīga ar "SynotTip" noslēdz vērienīgāko līgumu līgas vēsturē" (in Latvian). Sportacentrs.com. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Becomes main sponsor of Latvian football league". Enlabs AB. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  10. ^ "Optibet Virslīga". Latvian Football Federation (in Latvian). Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  11. ^ "Summary - Virsliga - Latvia - Results, fixtures, tables and news". Soccerway. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  12. ^ a b Almantas Lauzadis and Hans Schöggl (23 March 2017). "Latvia - List of Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Kurzeme derby".
  14. ^ "Futbola virslīgā tiks aizvadīts Kurzemes derbijs" (in Latvian).
  15. ^ "Rīgas derbijs labo Virslīgas desmitgades apmeklētības rekordu" (in Latvian).
  16. ^ "Europa League group stage".
  17. ^ "1997–98 UEFA Champions League".
  18. ^ "1998–99 UEFA Champions League".
  19. ^ "1999–2000 UEFA Champions League".

External links[edit]