Cypriot First Division

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Cypriot First Division
Cyta Championship Logo.png
Founded 1934; 84 years ago (1934)
Country Cyprus
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 12
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Cypriot Second Division
Domestic cup(s) Cypriot Cup
Cypriot Super Cup
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions APOEL (27th title)
(2017–18)
Most championships APOEL
(27 titles)
Top goalscorer Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas (1967-1984)
(261 goals)
TV partners CytaVision
PrimeTel
Website CFA
2018–19 Cypriot First Division

The Cypriot First Division (Greek: Πρωτάθλημα Α΄ Κατηγορίας; Turkish: A' Katigorias) is the top tier football league competition in Cyprus, run by the Cyprus Football Association. Since February 2016, it is sponsored by Cyta and thus officially known as Cyta Championship.[1] The league is contested by 14 teams and runs from August to May, with the three lowest-placed teams relegated to the Cypriot Second Division and replaced by the top three teams in that division. At the seasons 2018-19 and 2019-2020 the league will be contested by 12 teams and will also be run from August to May, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the Cypriot Second Division and replaced by the top two teams in that division.

History[edit]

Football was introduced to Cyprus early in the 20th century by the British. Initially played in the island's schools, it proved hugely popular and a number of clubs were duly formed.

Since 1911, when Anorthosis Famagusta FC was founded, many clubs were established and in 1932 the Cypriot Championship began annually at first unofficially. Every season, the championship was organized by a different football club which caused some conflicts between some of the teams.

As football became more established, the clubs were united in agreeing that an official body was needed to regulate the sport. And in September 1934, the Cyprus Football Association (CFA) was formed and the Cypriot Championship and Cup began to take place annually.[2] The first Champions of Cyprus were Trust in 1935 but the club folded three years later. The 1930s were dominated by APOEL, who won five championship in a row until 1940. Like other Championships in the World, the Cypriot Championship was interrupted, due to World War II from 1941 until 1945.[citation needed]

The Cypriot Championship unification, lasted for only two seasons. In 1955, Çetinkaya Türk S.K., who had been the only Turkish Cypriot team playing in the Cypriot First Division since 1934–35, withdrew from the Championship and with other Turkish Cypriot teams, established the Cyprus Turkish Football Federation, with its own competitions. The reason behind this was political, as the Turkish Cypriot leadership were supporting the partition of the island. However, this Federation was never recognized and no team of that federation could play in international competitions.

The independence of Cyprus in 1960, was followed by full membership for the Cyprus Football Association to UEFA in 1962. From 1963, the champions of the Cyprus, could compete in the European Champions Cup and the Cup winners in the European Cup Winners Cup. Since 1971, the runners up in the Greek Cypriot First Division can compete in the UEFA Cup. From 1967 until 1974, the Greek Cypriot Champions were promoted to the Greek First National Division. Greek Cypriot teams were relegated every season from the Alpha Ethniki, apart from 1974, when APOEL managed to remain in the Greek Championship which meant that Cyprus would have two teams in Alpha Ethniki. However, due to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus that year, APOEL and Omonia (the champion of Cyprus for 1974) withdrew from the League.[citation needed]

Format[edit]

Current format[edit]

As of the 2017/18 season, 14 clubs compete in the league. Each club plays the other sides twice, for a total of 26 games for each club. The bottom two teams (of the first round) are relegated directly to the Second Division. In the second round the teams ranked 1-6 play off for the title and European places, and teams finishing 7-12 play each other to avoid an additional relegation place. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. The league champions qualify for the UEFA Champions League. The runner-up and third placed team in the league enters the UEFA Europa League. If the cup winners finish in the regular European places, the fourth placed team of the league are granted a UEFA Europa League berth.[3]

Previous formats[edit]

From 2007–08 until 2012–13 season, in the second round the first 12 (out of 14) teams were separated into three groups of four teams according to their position at the end of the first round. For the 2013–14 season, in the second round the first 12 (out of 14) teams were separated into two groups of six teams according to their position at the end of the first round. The last two teams of the first round were relegated directly to the B1 Division and the bottom two teams of the relegation group also. The points from the first round were carried to the second round and the teams played each other twice.[citation needed]

Points system[edit]

The points system of the Cypriot First Division changed three times during the years:

  1. From 1934–35 until 1959–60 season, teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat.[4]
  2. From 1960–61 until 1969–70 season, teams were awarded three points for a win, two points for a draw and one point for a defeat.[4]
  3. From 1970–71 until 1990–91 season, teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat.[5]
  4. Since 1991–92 season (until present time), teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat.[6]

2018–19 Clubs[edit]

Club Location 2017–18 season
AEK Larnaca Larnaca 4th
AEL Limassol Limassol 5th
Alki Oroklini Oroklini 11th
Anorthosis Larnaca 3rd
APOEL Nicosia 1st
Apollon Limassol Limassol 2nd
Doxa Katokopias Katokopia 9th
Enosis Neon Paralimni Paralimni 2D, 1st
Ermis Aradippou FC Larnaca 8th
Nea Salamina Larnaca 7th
Omonia Nicosia 6th
Pafos FC Paphos 10th

Champions[edit]

Season Winners[7][8]
(number of titles)
Runners-up
1934–35 Trust (1) Çetinkaya Türk
1935–36 APOEL (1) Trust
1936–37 APOEL (2) Trust
1937–38 APOEL (3) Trust
1938–39 APOEL (4) EPA Larnaca
1939–40 APOEL (5) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1940–41 AEL Limassol (1) APOEL
1941–44
Suspended due to World War II
1944–45 EPA Larnaca (1) APOEL
1945–46 EPA Larnaca (2) APOEL
1946–47 APOEL (6) EPA Larnaca
1947–48 APOEL (7) AEL Limassol
1948–49 APOEL (8) Anorthosis Famagusta
1949–50 Anorthosis Famagusta (1) EPA Larnaca
1950–51 Çetinkaya Türk (1) APOEL
1951–52 APOEL (9) EPA Larnaca
1952–53 AEL Limassol (2) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1953–54 Pezoporikos Larnaca (1) APOEL
1954–55 AEL Limassol (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1955–56 AEL Limassol (4) APOEL
1956–57 Anorthosis Famagusta (2) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1957–58 Anorthosis Famagusta (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1958–59
Not Held
1959–60 Anorthosis Famagusta (4) Omonia
1960–61 Omonia (1) Anorthosis Famagusta
1961–62 Anorthosis Famagusta (5) Omonia
1962–63 Anorthosis Famagusta (6) APOEL
1963–64
Championship Abandoned
1964–65 APOEL (10) Olympiakos Nicosia
1965–66 Omonia (2) Olympiakos Nicosia
1966–67 Olympiakos Nicosia (1) APOEL
1967–68 AEL Limassol (5) Omonia
1968–69 Olympiakos Nicosia (2) Omonia
1969–70 EPA Larnaca (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1970–71 Olympiakos Nicosia (3) Digenis Morphou
1971–72 Omonia (3) EPA Larnaca
1972–73 APOEL (11) Olympiakos Nicosia
1973–74 Omonia (4) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1974–75 Omonia (5) Enosis Neon Paralimni
1975–76 Omonia (6) APOEL
1976–77 Omonia (7) APOEL
1977–78 Omonia (8) APOEL
1978–79 Omonia (9) APOEL
1979–80 APOEL (12) Omonia
1980–81 Omonia (10) APOEL
1981–82 Omonia (11) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1982–83 Omonia (12) Anorthosis Famagusta
1983–84 Omonia (13) Apollon Limassol
1984–85 Omonia (14) APOEL
1985–86 APOEL (13) Omonia
1986–87 Omonia (15) APOEL
1987–88 Pezoporikos Larnaca (2) APOEL
1988–89 Omonia (16) Apollon Limassol
1989–90 APOEL (14) Omonia
1990–91 Apollon Limassol (1) Anorthosis Famagusta
1991–92 APOEL (15) Anorthosis Famagusta
1992–93 Omonia (17) Apollon Limassol
1993–94 Apollon Limassol (2) Anorthosis Famagusta
1994–95 Anorthosis Famagusta (7) Omonia
1995–96 APOEL (16) Anorthosis Famagusta
1996–97 Anorthosis Famagusta (8) Apollon Limassol
1997–98 Anorthosis Famagusta (9) Omonia
1998–99 Anorthosis Famagusta (10) Omonia
1999-00 Anorthosis Famagusta (11) Omonia
2000–01 Omonia (18) Olympiakos Nicosia
2001–02 APOEL (17) Anorthosis Famagusta
2002–03 Omonia (19) Anorthosis Famagusta
2003–04 APOEL (18) Omonia
2004–05 Anorthosis Famagusta (12) APOEL
2005–06 Apollon Limassol (3) Omonia
2006–07 APOEL (19) Omonia
2007–08 Anorthosis Famagusta (13) APOEL
2008–09 APOEL (20) Omonia
2009–10 Omonia (20) APOEL
2010–11 APOEL (21) Omonia
2011–12 AEL Limassol (6) APOEL
2012–13 APOEL (22) Anorthosis Famagusta
2013–14 APOEL (23) AEL Limassol
2014–15 APOEL (24) AEK Larnaca
2015–16 APOEL (25) AEK Larnaca
2016–17 APOEL (26) AEK Larnaca
2017–18 APOEL (27) Apollon Limassol

Performances[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons
APOEL 27 20 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1965, 1973, 1980, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1996, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Omonia 20 16 1961, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1993, 2001, 2003, 2010
Anorthosis 13 10 1950, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2008
AEL Limassol 6 2 1941, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1968, 2012
EPA Larnaca 3 5 1945, 1946, 1970
Olympiakos Nicosia 3 4 1967, 1969, 1971
Apollon Limassol 3 5 1991, 1994, 2006
Pezoporikos Larnaca 2 8 1954, 1988
Trust 1 3 1935
Çetinkaya Türk 1 1 1951
AEK Larnaca 3
Digenis Morphou 1
Enosis Neon Paralimni 1

Appearances in the top division[edit]

The below table indicates the total number of seasons each club has participated in the Cypriot First Division, up to the 2018/19 season:[9]

Team Participations
AEL Limassol 78
APOEL Nicosia 78
Anorthosis Famagusta 73
Olympiakos Nicosia 67
Omonia Nicosia 63
Apollon Limassol 60
Nea Salamina Famagusta 57
Aris Limassol 53
EPA Larnaca 50
Pezoporikos Larnaca 49
Enosis Neon Paralimni 47
Team Participations
Alki Larnaca 43
Ethnikos Achna 31
AEK Larnaca 24
APOP Paphos 19
Evagoras Paphos 18
Çetinkaya Türk 18
Doxa Katokopias 15
Digenis Akritas Morphou 15
Ermis Aradippou 13
Omonia Aradippou 13
AYMA 11
Team Participations
AEP Paphos 10
ASIL Lysi 8
Anagennisi Dherynia 7
APEP Pitsilia 7
APOP Kinyras Pegeia 5
Keravnos Strovolou 4
Orfeas Nicosia 4
Trast AC 4
Ayia Napa 4
Pafos FC 3
Team Participations
Ethnikos Assia 3
Alki Oroklini 2
Chalkanoras Idaliou 2
AEK Kouklia 1
Atromitos Yeroskipou 1
THOI Lakatamia 1
Onisilos Sotira 1
Othellos Athienou 1
AEZ Zakakiou 1
Karmiotissa Pano Polemidion 1
  • The 1963–64 Cypriot First Division, where the championship was abandoned, is not included in the table.
  • Çetinkaya total includes 12 when competing as Lefkosa Turk Spor Kulubu
  • APEP Pitsilia total includes one as APEP Limassol

All-time Cypriot First Division table (1934–35 until 2017–18)[edit]

The All-time Cypriot First Division table is a ranking of all Cypriot football clubs based on their performance in the Cypriot First Division.[10] The points are the sum of the points of all seasons, despite the point system of the season. The 1963–64 Cypriot First Division season is not included because the championship was abandoned.

Rank Club Ssn Points GP W D. L. GF. GA. GD.
1 APOEL FC 77 3227 1785 1072 382 331 3859 1787 2072
2 AC Omonia 62 3021 1628 1005 331 292 3536 1552 1983
3 Anorthosis Famagusta FC 72 2910 1777 896 447 434 3218 2044 1175
4 Apollon Limassol 59 2468 1589 722 415 452 2691 1946 745
5 AEL Limassol 77 2435 1791 740 440 611 2922 2486 436
6 Nea Salamis Famagusta FC 56 1790 1467 490 381 596 2026 2224 -198
7 Olympiakos Nicosia 67 1688 1501 496 360 645 2243 2775 -532
8 Enosis Neon Paralimni FC 46 1459 1253 426 365 462 1663 1699 -36
9 Pezoporikos Larnaca FC 49 1432 1062 444 318 300 1719 1326 393
10 Aris Limassol FC 53 1287 1311 329 324 658 1668 2648 -979
11 EPA Larnaca FC 50 1222 1052 362 277 413 1570 1641 -71
12 Alki Larnaca FC 43 1202 1128 309 284 535 1400 1986 -586
13 Ethnikos Achna FC 31 1078 895 296 219 380 1201 1370 -169
14 AEK Larnaca FC 23 1039 675 295 154 226 1100 876 224
15 Doxa Katokopias FC 14 419 434 108 95 231 503 848 -345
16 APOP Paphos FC 19 406 502 105 126 271 501 1007 -506
17 Evagoras Paphos 18 371 480 90 136 254 431 906 -475
18 Ermis Aradippou FC 12 353 374 94 75 205 402 767 -365
19 Digenis Akritas Morphou FC 15 339 396 94 110 192 397 690 -293
20 AEP Paphos FC 10 315 278 81 72 125 376 478 -102
21 Omonia Aradippou 13 232 357 64 92 201 315 686 -371
22 Çetinkaya Türk S.K. 18 189 209 77 35 97 393 503 -110
23 ASIL Lysi 8 180 198 37 40 121 169 430 -261
24 APOP Kinyras FC 5 161 148 44 29 75 201 275 -74
25 Orfeas Nicosia 4 134 90 24 16 50 110 180 -70
26 Anagennisi Deryneia FC 7 123 186 31 35 120 163 409 -247
27 Armenian Young Men's Association 11 121 176 23 27 126 256 593 -337
28 APEP FC 7 101 192 25 34 133 158 460 -302
29 Keravnos Strovolou FC 4 84 108 28 28 52 111 167 -56
30 Pafos FC 2 78 72 19 21 32 77 109 -32
31 Enosis Neon Trust 4 68 44 30 8 6 129 54 75
32 Ayia Napa FC 4 64 110 12 28 70 90 218 -128
33 Ethnikos Assia FC 3 60 78 17 9 52 102 184 -82
34 Chalkanoras Idaliou 2 43 60 16 11 33 59 116 -57
35 Alki Oroklini 1 39 36 11 6 19 48 73 -25
36 Karmiotissa FC 1 37 36 10 7 19 47 71 -24
37 Othellos Athienou FC 1 25 32 5 10 17 26 42 -16
38 AEK Kouklia FC 1 23 36 6 5 25 34 94 -60
39 Onisilos Sotira 1 13 26 3 4 19 22 63 -41
40 AEZ Zakakiou 1 11 26 1 8 17 20 63 -43
41 Atromitos Yeroskipou 1 7 26 1 4 21 19 69 -50
42 Enosis Neon THOI Lakatamia 1 7 26 1 4 21 15 75 -60
Total 30261 23650 8939 5772 8939 35990 35990 0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Πρωτάθλημα Cyta" μέχρι το 2019 (συμφωνία ΚΟΠ – Cyta) ["Cyta Championship until 2019] (in Greek). cfa.com.cy. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  2. ^ HISTORY OF CFA. CFA. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Xaris Xarilaou (31 August 2017). "Cyprus 2016/17". RSSSF. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  4. ^ a b Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001, p. 71
  5. ^ Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001, p. 88
  6. ^ Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001, p. 130
  7. ^ "Cyprus - List of Champions". RSSSF. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Πρωταθλήτριες Ομάδες". CFA. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  9. ^ "Cyprus - Participations per club at Cypriot First Division". RSSSF. 2017-06-22. Retrieved 17 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Cyprus - All-Time Table". RSSSF. 2016-06-22. Retrieved 2017-08-08. 

External links[edit]