Lebanese Colombians

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Lebanese Colombians
Total population

800,000 to 3,200,000 approx.[1][2]

1.6% to 6.2% of the Colombian population[3] (2009)
Regions with significant populations
Barranquilla · Cartagena · Santa Marta · Bucaramanga · Medellin · Maicao · Bogotá · Cali.
Languages
Spanish · Arabic
Religion
Mostly Christian and some Muslims
Related ethnic groups
Lebanese Argentines · Lebanese Brazilians · Lebanese Americans · Lebanese Canadians · Lebanese Australians · Lebanese Spaniards

Lebanese Colombians are Colombians of Lebanese descent. Most of the Lebanese community's forebears immigrated to Colombia from the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries for economic, political and religious reasons.[4] When they were first processed in the ports of Colombia, they were classified as Turks because what is modern day Lebanon was a territory of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Lebanese immigration to Colombia has been one of the most important in migrations in South American. The first Lebanese came to the country in the late nineteenth century. There was another wave in the early twentieth century. It is estimated that over 10,000 Lebanese immigrated to Colombia from 1900 to 1930.[5]

Many Lebanese settled in the Caribbean region of Colombia, particularly in the cities of Santa Marta, Lorica, Fundación, Aracataca, Ayapel, Calamar, Ciénaga, Cereté, Montería and Barranquilla, near the basin of the Magdalena River. The Lebanese subsequently expanded to other cities and by 1945 there were Lebanese living in Ocaña, Cúcuta, Barrancabermeja, Ibagué, Girardot, Honda, Tunja, Villavicencio, Pereira, Soatá, Neiva, Cali, Buga, Chaparral and Chinácota. The four major hubs of Lebanese population were present in Barranquilla, Cartagena, Bucaramanga, Bogotá, Medellin and Cali. The number of immigrants entering the country vary from 5,000 to 10,000 in 1945. Some of these immigrants were Christian-Lebanese and others were adept to Islam.[4]

In the 1940s, another wave of Lebanese immigrants came to Colombia, settling in the town of Maicao in northern Colombia. These immigrants were mostly Muslims and were attracted by the thriving commerce of the town which was benefiting from the neighboring Venezuelan oil bonanza and the usual contraband of goods that flowed through the Guajira Peninsula.[6]

Lebanese Colombians in Maicao

Notable people[edit]

Please see List of Lebanese people in Colombia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimación de la mortalidad, 1985-2005" [Estimation of mortality, 1985-2005] (PDF). Postcensal Studies (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: DANE. March 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Randa Achmawi (21 July 2009). "Colombia awakens to the Arab world". Brazi-Arab News Agency. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Proyecciones nacionales y departamentales de población. 2006-2020" [National and departmental population projections. 2006-2020] (PDF) (in Spanish). DANE National Statistical Service, Columbia. September 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Louise Fawcett De Posada; Eduardo Posada-Carbó (1992). "En la tierra de las oportunidades: Los sirio-libaneses en Colombia" [In the land of opportunity: The Syrian-Lebanese in Colombia]. Cultural and Bibliographical Bulletin (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 25 October 2006. Retrieved 30 August 2007. 
  5. ^ "En Busca Del Paraíso" [In Search of Paradise] (in Spanish). Semana.com. 17 October 1994. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  6. ^ Diego Andrés Rosselli Cock (15 December 2005). "La comunidad musulmana de Maicao (Colombia)" [The Muslim Community of Maicao (Colombia)] (in Spanish). webislam.com. Retrieved 29 March 2016.