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The location of the Island of Leyte
|Location||South East Asia|
|Area||7,367.6 km2 (2,844.6 sq mi)|
|Province||Leyte, Southern Leyte|
|Largest settlement||Tacloban (pop. 221,174)|
|Population||2,188,295 (as of 2010)|
|Density||297 /km2 (769 /sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||(Waray, Cebuano), Visayan people|
Politically, the island is divided into two provinces: (Northern) Leyte and Southern Leyte. Territorially, Southern Leyte Province includes the island of Panaon to its south. Biliran Island, to the north of Leyte Island, was formerly a sub-province of Leyte, and is now a separate province, Biliran Province.
The major cities of Leyte are Tacloban City, on the eastern shore at the northwest corner of Leyte Gulf, and Ormoc City, on the west coast. The island was once the location of Mairete, a historic community which was ruled by Datu Ete. Before being colonized by Spain, the island was once home to indigenous animist Warays to the East and other indigenous animist Visayan groups to the west.
Leyte today is notable for the geothermal electric power plants near Ormoc.
However, Leyte is most famous for its role in the reconquest of the Philippines in World War II. On 20 October 1944, General Douglas MacArthur waded ashore on Leyte, saying "I have returned". However, the Japanese did not give up so easily, as the ensuing Battle of Leyte proved, and convergence of naval forces resulted in the four-day Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history.
The island measures about 180 kilometres (110 mi) north-south and about 65 kilometres (40 mi) at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins the island of Samar, separated by the San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 km (1.2 mi) in some places. The island province of Biliran is also to the north of Leyte and is joined to Leyte island by a bridge across the narrow Biliran Strait. To the south Leyte is separated from Mindanao by the Surigao Strait. To the east, Leyte is somewhat "set back" from the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean, Samar to the northeast and Dinagat Islands to the southeast forming the Leyte Gulf. To the west is the Camotes Sea.
Leyte is mostly heavily forested and mountainous, but the Leyte Valley in the northeast has much agriculture.
|Population of Leyte Island|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Historical and interesting sites
The MacArthur Landing Memorial National Park in Red Beach, Palo, marks the American liberation forces landing. It also has a lagoon where the life-size statues of Gen. McArthur stands albeit the true landing General McArthur set foot takes place on Dulag, Leyte.
Lake Danao is a violin-shaped lake hemmed by cloud-capped mountain ranges.
Calanggaman Island in Palompon, Leyte is a virgin island with pure white side. It has two long sandbars. The ecological atmosphere of the island had been preserved by the municipality.
The Sto. Nino Shrine and Heritage Museum boasts the painting of the fourteen station of the cross done by Filipino artists and a bas-relief of the legend of the first Filipino man and woman (Malakas and Maganda).
On Friday, November 8 of 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan destroyed 70 to 80% of the structures in its path on Leyte province. An estimated 10,000 people have died and up to 620,000 people have been displaced across the region.
In popular culture
The 1959 Japanese film Nobi ("Fires on the Plain"), though filmed in Japan, is set in Leyte in 1945.
The film was remade in 2014 under the same name; this version was filmed in the Philippines.
- "Islands by Land Area". Island Directory Tables. United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
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