Burauen, Leyte

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Old airport by old Japanese army at Burauen - panoramio.jpg
Map of Leyte with Burauen highlighted
Map of Leyte with Burauen highlighted
Burauen is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°59′N 124°54′E / 10.98°N 124.9°E / 10.98; 124.9Coordinates: 10°59′N 124°54′E / 10.98°N 124.9°E / 10.98; 124.9
Country Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Leyte
District 2nd district of Leyte
Barangays 77
 • Mayor Fe S. Renomeron
 • Total 265.33 km2 (102.44 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 52,732
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6516
IDD:area code +63 (0)53
Income class 1st municipal income class
PSGC 083710000
Electorate 28,989 voters (2016)
Website web.evis.net.ph/lgu/burauen/

Burauen is a 1st class municipality in the province of Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 52,732 people.[3]

It is located in the central part of Leyte Island, bounded to the north by Dagami and Tabon-tabon, on the east by Julita, south by Lapaz and on the west by Albuera and Ormoc.


The name "Burauen" evolved from the word “burabod” which means "spring". This is because Burauen is the fountainhead of several rivers: the big Daguitan and Marabong rivers, the Guinarona and Hibuga rivers that pass through several neighbouring towns, as well as several smaller ones. The legend behind the name speaks of a drought when several tributaries of these rivers dried up, forcing people to flock to a cluster of large springs in the town. The place was duly called “Buraburon” which according to Justice Norberto Lopez Romualdez Sr., is the “multiplicative construction of the word "haru” (spring), which indicates “abundance”. Over the years, the name “Buraburon” ("having many springs") evolved into “Burawon” and finally into “Burawen”.

Clandestine diggings conducted by antique hunters and verified by National Museum archaeologists yielded valuable artifacts consisting of chinaware and jars. Some of the discoveries were Stone Age artifacts and implements. These antiques and artifacts were found on the plateaus of both sides of the Kag-oloolo Brook of Barangay Patag and Villa Aurora, which were about 16 kilometers south-west of the poblacion of Burauen. Similar artifacts were found in Barangay Paghudlan which is 12 kilometers from the Kag-oloolo. Earlier diggings on the south-western portion of the poblacion, and those in Barangays Tambuco and Armasen, revealed several precious antiques. With the extensive presence of these artifacts over the said areas, the past locations of prehistoric settlements in Burauen during are indicated.


Burauen is politically subdivided into 77 barangays.[2]

  • Abuyogon
  • Anonang
  • Arado
  • Balao
  • Baletson
  • Balorinay
  • Bobon
  • Buenavista
  • Buri
  • Caanislagan
  • Cadahunan
  • Cagangon
  • Cali
  • Calsadahay
  • Candag-on
  • Cansiboy
  • Catagbacan
  • Poblacion District I
  • Poblacion District II
  • Poblacion District III
  • Poblacion District IV
  • Poblacion District V
  • Poblacion District VI
  • Poblacion District VII
  • Poblacion District VIII
  • Poblacion District IX
  • Dumalag
  • Ilihan
  • Esperansa
  • Gitabla
  • Hapunan
  • Hibonawan
  • Hugpa East
  • Hugpa West
  • Kalao
  • Kaparasanan
  • Laguiwan
  • Libas
  • Limburan
  • Logsongan
  • Maabab
  • Maghubas
  • Mahagnao
  • Malabca
  • Malaguinabot
  • Malaihao
  • Matin-ao
  • Moguing
  • Paghudlan
  • Paitan
  • Pangdan
  • Patag
  • Patong
  • Pawa
  • Roxas
  • Sambel
  • San Esteban
  • San Fernando
  • San Jose East
  • San Jose West
  • San Pablo
  • Tabuanon
  • Tagadtaran
  • Taghoyan
  • Takin
  • Tambis
  • Toloyao
  • Villa Aurora
  • Villa Corazon
  • Villa Patria
  • Villa Rosas
  • Kagbana
  • Damulo-an
  • Dina-ayan
  • Gamay
  • Kalipayan
  • Tambuko


Population census of Burauen
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 18,197 —    
1918 25,647 +2.31%
1939 33,505 +1.28%
1948 37,252 +1.18%
1960 31,807 −1.31%
1970 42,954 +3.05%
1975 47,152 +1.89%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 48,053 +0.38%
1990 46,029 −0.43%
1995 50,319 +1.68%
2000 47,180 −1.37%
2007 48,606 +0.41%
2010 48,853 +0.18%
2015 52,732 +1.47%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3][4][5][6]

In the 2015 census, the population of Burauen, Leyte, was 52,732 people,[3] with a density of 200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 520 inhabitants per square mile.


Major economic activities of the people in this town include farming, trade/commerce and tourism. Palay, coconut and abacá fiber are among its major crops. With its existing wonders, Burauen recently on its way in developing its tourism industry. It is backed by good governance and improving quality of infrastructure development.


Burauen is composed of vast wetland forest that houses thousands century old trees surrounding Mahagnao Volcano, which is classified as an inactive volcano although it has an active thermal activity. Also, there are two kinds of lakes. The one that on the southern foot of the volcano and the other one on the southeastern part.Hot springs, water fall and rivers are also the top destination famous on the area.


Malagsum Lake
This lake is smaller compared to the other one. But it has a unique characteristics, such as being a highly acidic lake which contains high level of sulfuric acid making it impossible for marine lives or organisms to live except for the hundreds/thousands of migratory birds staying during migrating season.
Mahagnao Lake
This lake serves as the main source of marine products for the locals and also the center of its tourism activities.
Color Hot spring
This hot spring is like a river of hot water colored with white and rocks which is look rusty and sometimes yellowish.
Guin-aniban Water Fall
The water fall is located few kilometers on the southeast. It is the water from the Mahagnao lake which is passing to systems of rivers then merge before approaching on the mouth of the cliff creating a water fall.

Protection and Preservation[edit]

Due to the fast development of tourism industry, locals are starting to contribute by joining local associations intended to took care of the natural park itself. With the support of several government agencies headed by the DENR Department of Environment and Natural Resources by giving funds and assistance to the local community for its several programs.


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Province of Leyte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]